Abortion - Serious stress for the female body and it will take him some time to recover. Even at the preparatory stage for such a procedure, one should find out how this affects health and when the reproductive system, in particular, normalizes. when menstruation comes after an abortion.
Normalization of the cycle after an abortion
An indication that the body has fully recovered after the procedure are the first menstrual periods after an abortion.
Menstruation - This is a cycle period of several days, when the walls of the endometrium are destroyed and, together with bleeding, are excreted from the body. In a healthy woman, menstruation usually occurs at regular intervals. Delayed menstruation, a change in their abundance or duration may indicate disruptions in the body.
And of course, any intervention in the body’s natural processes, for example, such as abortion, affects the menstrual cycle.
First menstruation after abortion
Any type of abortion affects the hormonal background of the body, and hence the menstrual cycle. Therefore, abundant menstruation after abortion or unusually scanty are the norm.
Moreover, due to the intervention, especially after a surgical abortion, the body itself may not recover, therefore, in the first months after the procedure, regular monitoring by a physician and possibly medical treatment is necessary.
Technology of different types of abortion
Any termination of pregnancy is a violation of the natural process of the female body. In addition to the psychological and moral complexity of this kind of procedure, there is a physiological side. The most common sign of influence on the reproductive system is the delay in menstruation after an abortion.
In addition to actually getting rid of an unwanted pregnancy, the task of the doctor conducting the procedure is to preserve reproductive functions and avoid infection or other complications.
According to the method of intervention emit:
Medical abortion - the most painless type of abortion, carried out only in the early stages. For the procedure used drugs of two types of actions: causing uterine contraction or blocking the production of the hormone progesterone.
During the next week after the procedure, a slight discharge with bloody inclusions is possible.
Monthly after abortion after the intervention should come within a month. Violation of the timing can only be in the case of an abnormal body response to the drug used.
Vacuum or mini abortion held no later than the fifth week of pregnancy, with the use of local anesthesia. With the help of a special vacuum apparatus, low pressure is created in the uterus and the fetal egg is extracted with minimal trauma.
Spotting due to a small violation of the integrity of the vessels during the procedure may continue for some time after cleaning.
Monthly delays after this type of procedure may not be at all, ideally they will come in a month. Normal is the absence of menstruation from 4 to 6 months after the interruption.
Surgical abortion It is practiced both up to 12 weeks and at later stages of pregnancy for medical reasons.
This is the most difficult in terms of consequences type of abortion, for an abortion, instrumental anesthesia and the participation of the anesthesiologist is necessary. Cleaning the uterus is carried out by scraping the endometrial wall along with the fetus. Since the operation involves significant damage to the tissues for several days after the possibility of abundant discharge with blood clots.
Monthly after surgical abortion may come much later than when using other forms of abortion, as the body will need time to recover. There is a direct relationship between the period of pregnancy at the time of termination and the recovery period after - the longer the period, the longer the delay will be. As a result of surgical abortion, menstruation may begin in the interval from one and a half to two months.
Any type of abortion has consequences for the female body. It is important to know that small failure of menstruation after abortion - This is a normal phenomenon, in the majority of cases does not require any intervention. Stress, hormonal imbalance, and finally the very fact of gross intervention in the body's natural processes can lead to the fact that menstruation after an abortion can begin somewhat later than the expected period and will differ from previous ones.
Features of the recovery period
During the first week after any, and especially instrumental cleansing, bloody discharges appear. You need to understand that this is not menstruation. As a result of surgery, the inner surface of the uterus actually represents an extensive wound and bleeding for several days is normal.
Discharge is usually not too abundant, pale red or pinkish in color. Severe bleeding or discoloration of the discharge, the appearance of an unpleasant odor is a reason for an urgent visit to a doctor.
Even if less aggressive medical or mini-abortions were carried out, a certain period of time, usually up to three weeks, is necessary, to remain calm and refrain from sexual activity, since intense exercise can cause heavy bleeding.
Delayed menstruation after abortion - a variant of the norm and is not necessarily a sign of any problems. After some time, the body will recover, all functions will come into working condition. The recovery period depends on a number of factors, such as:
- form of abortion,
- the age and health of the woman
- specific features of the body,
- qualifications of the doctor performing the procedure
- and of course the term of pregnancy.
The period of recovery cycle can also be influenced by past abortions, giving birth to a woman or not, and many other not so obvious factors.
The first periods after an abortion are often less abundant than you are used to, which is a consequence of the incomplete restoration of the function of the appendages.
In some cases, menstrual periods after an abortion may be accompanied by a number of signs that are dangerous to health:
- unusual smell and texture
- yellowish color of discharge
- feeling of discomfort during menstruation.
Any of these signs indicate the development of infection in the body. Immediate medical intervention is required. Delay in treatment can not only affect the menstrual cycle after an abortion, but also subsequently lead to infertility.
Why may delay
The delay of menstruation for an abnormally long period may be caused by the integrity of the endometrium (uterine lining). Restoring it in full requires strict adherence to medical recommendations.
Strong stress accompanying the need for termination of pregnancy is one of the factors affecting the delay of menstruation after an abortion, the emotional state of a woman and under normal conditions affects her body, and in such a situation, the more depressive mood entails.
Cleaning interrupts the natural course of the restructuring of the female body, and the later the intervention was carried out, the longer the delay of the normalization of the cycle can be. In some situations, menstruation after an abortion occurs only after hormone therapy.
After the procedure, all patients, without exception, are recommended to abstain from sex for a period of time, after which it is necessary to visit a doctor for control.
If the cleaning was carried out without complications and the recovery regime was observed - the first menstrual periods after the abortion should come in about a month.
Abortion - a procedure associated with a certain risk, and with any kind of cleansing, even if this seemingly harmless medical abortion may develop complications.
If the following symptoms appear, then you should immediately seek medical help:
- delay of menstruation for more than a month after the intervention,
- discharge contains clumps of suspicious color and emit an unpleasant odor,
- pain during menstruation after abortion.
The reason that there is no menstruation after an abortion for a long time can be repeated cleansing. Several interruptions in a row can cause serious damage to the mucous and lead to a lot of unpleasant and dangerous consequences. Such as the development of tumors, disruption of the ovaries, the inability in the future to endure pregnancy and infertility.
In addition, during the period after the termination of pregnancy, it is necessary to choose the right contraceptive drugs, not only to prevent unwanted pregnancy, but also to restore the hormonal balance in the body and normalize menstruation after an abortion.
It is necessary to know that, despite the absence of menstruation after an abortion, ovulation is possible, which means there is a possibility of a second pregnancy. After cleaning with any prescribed method, it is recommended to avoid pregnancy for at least the first six months.
When selecting effective contraceptive pills, the gynecologist should take into account the patient's medical history and, in particular, the coagulogram data, since the majority of oral medications affect blood clotting. The drug should be started immediately.
Careful adherence to the doctor's prescriptions, compliance with the regimen and properly chosen contraceptives will speed up the process of restoring the reproductive functions of the body and prevent undesirable phenomena, such as the absence of menstruation, infection or infertility.
Attention to your own health is the key to your well-being. Do not ignore the disturbing symptoms. If there are no periods for a long time, you experience discomfort, or there are atypical discharges - immediately visit a doctor.
Any surgery requires the body time and effort to recover. A signal that all systems have normalized their work are full-fledged periods after an abortion.
Of course there are situations when abortion is the only way out. But still not to be cleansed as a result of an unplanned pregnancy and to avoid possible serious consequences for yourself, take care of contraception, consult your doctor who will help you choose the appropriate oral medication or other method.
Features of the normalization of the menstrual cycle after an abortion
Monthly after abortion directly indicate the beginning of the restoration of the functions of reproduction. Regardless of how the procedure is carried out, it causes significant harm to the body. To prevent serious consequences, you need to monitor how many days after an abortion begin menstruation, and what is the nature of these secretions.
How does abortion affect the female body?
Disruption of the menstrual cycle is one of the common consequences of abortive measures. Menstruation after an abortion is irregular, suddenly ends or begins with delays.
The main reason why cycle recovery occurs with complications is damage to the mucous membrane layer during curettage. The walls of the uterus are injured, they form scars and adhesions.
Overgrowth is uneven. For this reason, periods after cleaning the uterus may appear with a delay.
There are many ways to terminate a pregnancy, and depending on the option chosen, various complications arise. In any case, hormonal disruptions are observed, causing disturbances in the activity of the ovaries, the development of dysfunction, endometriosis, endometrial polyps, and many other pathologies. Excessive hormonal imbalance can lead to the formation of tumors.
Monthly after medical abortion
According to gynecologists, medical abortion is the most benign option. Surgical intervention is not performed. A woman needs to take pills.
Pharmabort held for up to seven weeks. After taking the drug, the egg is rejected and leaves the uterus. For one and a half weeks thereafter, blood-mucous discharge is observed, which many mistakenly call menstruation.
In about 30 days, menstruation will follow after a medical abortion. The beginning of the cycle is considered to be the day of medication. The process of normalization proceeds quickly. Sometimes there is a week delay in menstruation after a medical abortion. Such a violation is considered normal, but only under the condition that the discharge did not become more abundant than before the termination of pregnancy.
If after the medaborta the temperature has risen, pain has appeared in the uterus and there is abundant bleeding with clots, then you should immediately contact the gynecologist for help. Such symptoms indicate that there are fetal residues in the organ.
Medical consultation is also needed if the monthly did not begin forty days after the procedure. It is possible that the interruption was unsuccessful - and the embryo remained in the uterus.
Vacuum aspiration is considered a relatively safe abortion option. The optimal period for the operation is five weeks. The full recovery cycle takes from three to five months. The timing of normalization depends on the health of the woman.
The first discharge after vacuum abortion should be expected on the 28–35th day from the date of the operation. A scanty discharge is considered the norm, since the ovaries have not yet fully recovered. When the monthly unusual color and with an unpleasant smell, regardless of their number, you need to be examined by a gynecologist.
The abortion operation has an adverse effect on the reproductive system. Often, after its holding, there are abundant menstrual periods and a significant violation of the integrity of the uterine walls. Of particular danger is surgical abortion, carried out over a period of more than nine weeks. The opening of the uterus produce special tools, due to which cervical tissue can be damaged.
After a surgical interruption, a monthly delay is possible. Even an experienced doctor is not able to say exactly how long the absence of menstruation will last. If they do not appear within a few months, it is necessary to be examined by a gynecologist. After curettage, the uterus remains open, and infections can penetrate without obstruction.
Wary of the meager nature of menstruation, with a strong smell or unnatural color. These symptoms indicate infection of the uterus. In the absence of proper therapy, a woman can become infertile.
When do the first menstrual periods begin after an abortion
The dates when the menstrual periods come after the abortive procedure are easy to determine. A new cycle is counted from the day of the operation. Depending on the individual characteristics of the woman's body, menstruation may begin after 28, maximum 45 days.
After abortive manipulations, the cycle begins with a slight delay. Monthly periods will arrive approximately on the 35–45th day after the operation. Fully reproduction functions are restored after four months. The interval between menstruations is constantly decreasing until it returns to normal.
The first menstruation lasts up to ten days. Until the uterus returns to normal, pain is not excluded. Possible monthly delay, but insignificant.
The first periods after an abortion should appear within about 45 days. There are several reasons why menstruation does not come at this moment:
- adhesions that cause scarring,
- cervical spasm. Blood accumulates in the uterus, as a result, an optimal environment is created for the development of various infections,
- endometrial layer damage during curettage.
Abundant menstruation, the duration of which is more than ten days, indicates the beginning of the development of the inflammatory process, damage to the uterus or the need for re-cleaning. Such violations can not be ignored. It is necessary to immediately seek the help of a gynecologist, since the consequences may be irreversible.
Complications after abortion
Complications cause all abortions, regardless of the type. The whole embryo or its remnants are sometimes stored in the uterus, and repeated cleaning is carried out.
After an abortion, the possible consequences are:
- discharge of blood mucus, which does not stop for a long time (about a month). Excessive bleeding indicates incomplete abortion. Unpleasantly smelling menstrual evidence of infection penetrating the uterine cavity,
- rupture of uterine walls,
- hormonal imbalance,
- incomplete abortion.
Такие осложнения проявляются практически сразу после операции.
If therapy is not started promptly, chronic inflammations and adhesions may occur in the future, provoking the development of cancer, polycystic disease and endometriotic disease. Against this background, the chances of becoming pregnant with a woman are minimal.
The menstrual cycle after abortion returns to normal quite quickly. However, you need to carefully monitor the nature of menstruation and their duration. By detecting changes in a timely manner, it will be possible to prevent possible complications.