How many days does the mammary gland begin to hurt before menstruation?


Every time ten days before menstruation, my chest is poured and it hurts a lot. At the same time, it is impossible to walk without a bra, because the chest has to be literally “worn in the hands,” and if it is in a bra, it squeezes too much. Monthly regular - cycle 24 days. Half of my life passes with unbearable chest pain. Could you tell me please medications or herbs that will help reduce breast tension?

My sister is suffering the same problem with the third breast size before menstruation, it increases to the 4th. To reduce swelling and pain, she adds the leaves of the motherboard to tea, and drinks tea from chamomile and mint a week before they start. Buy herbs in the pharmacy bag - so much more convenient. And I personally make it easier: I buy Nephrofit - this is a collection of herbs that they drink in case of kidney diseases. Its main action is a diuretic, which helps reduce swelling, and many components act soothingly on the mammary gland.

If you do not plan children, you can start drinking oral contraceptives. They solve problems with premenstrual syndrome, including breast pain.

I have the same problem, I went to the doctor, I did not receive any special recommendations. He prescribed drinking oral contraceptives. I have been drinking for half a year, my chest pains before menstruation have not completely disappeared, but they have become less severe and prolonged.
When she didn't take the pill, she was saved by night compresses from fresh cabbage leaves.

In this situation, I would advise starting with herbal preparations. This is “Mastodinon” or “Cyclodinone”. They will help relieve pain and tension in the mammary glands before the onset of menstruation.

This happens to many, but if the sensations become unusually painful and some more alarming symptoms appear, you need to consult a doctor, there is a reason to go to the breast specialist.

Everything is simple here: all the processes in a woman's body occur under the influence of certain hormones. It is necessary to go for tests for the appropriate hormones and normalize the hormones, then the hormones will not go off-scale, and nothing will hurt.

I will not be original and agree with previous comments - go to the doctor. If nothing serious - you will register something hormonal. You can drink Remens, he narmalizes a hormonal background.

Such symptoms are characteristic with increased prolactin. You correctly recommended “Mastodinon”. But it is better to pass tests for prolactin and to do an ultrasound of the mammary gland, than to take any drugs. I treated mastopathy first with the hormone drug “Dostinex”, which is still disgusting! After him recovered decently. and then moved to homeopathy, was treated in private. But I do not know what the homeopath prescribed.

With such a problem, it is obligatory to consult specialists - a gynecologist, a mammologist. Perhaps it really makes sense to take drugs like Remens or Mastodinon. But still it is necessary to reconsider, whether the underwear which you wear suits you. If the bra squeezes the chest only during this period, you can try to wear lingerie for pregnant women. It is specially designed to gently support and not squeeze the breast.


According to various data, 60 to 90 percent of women experience chest pain before menstruation. Young girls who are not yet familiar with the features of their bodies begin to be afraid of such manifestations, taking breast pain for the symptoms of a disease. However, in most cases, these manifestations are not pathological. So should breast ache before menstruation?

Causes of the phenomenon

In order to understand why the chest hurts before menstruation, you need to find out how the female reproductive system functions, what happens in the body. The mammary glands are constantly changing throughout life, especially when a woman becomes pregnant, gives birth and then feeds the baby with breast milk. Naturally, in this important period of life they receive the most significant development: the glandular tissue in them increases, expands. This is necessary so that the breast performs its main function. At this time, the blood vessels actively nourish the tissues of the mammary glands, which increase in size.

All changes occur under the influence of female sex hormones. These include:

Cyclical changes associated with the menstrual cycle, occur not only in the ovaries and uterus. They also apply to the mammary glands.

Under the influence of estrogen in the first phase, a follicle develops in one of the ovaries, from which an egg cell is produced. In place of the follicle, the corpus luteum is formed, and the hormone progesterone is produced in it. It is under its action that the enlargement and swelling of the mammary glands occur, the nipples and chest ache before menstruation.

How many days before menstruation do discomfort appear?

To find out how many days before menstruation your chest starts to hurt, you need to calculate the menstrual cycle. The normal cycle lasts from 23 to 32 days. Sometimes it is more or less, it depends on the individual development of each girl. The average number of days of the cycle is 28 days. Ovulation, that is, the release of a mature egg, occurs in the middle of the cycle. With a duration of 28 days, this happens about 14 days from the start of menstruation.

Immediately after ovulation, women notice that their breasts start to hurt, their nipples become sensitive and can also increase in size, as do the mammary glands.

Three important female hormones are responsible for these changes in the body: progesterone, prolactin and estrogen. They prepare the female body for the intended pregnancy. Increases the sensitivity of the breast and nipples.

The chest consists of various tissues - these are the lobules of the mammary glands, adipose and connective tissue. Each lobe of the gland has a milky duct. In obese women, the breast, respectively, will be larger. But this does not mean that there is a greater number of lobes of the mammary glands. The larger size of the bust in lush women is usually due to the excess amount of adipose tissue in them.

Closer to the beginning of menstruation, the breast increases even more, in some girls by one bra size. The soreness increases, but as soon as the first day of menstruation comes, the pain disappears immediately and the mammary glands become softer.

What is PMS?

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) includes various symptoms: irritability appears, the girl becomes very emotional and restrained. This behavior is due to increased production of female hormones.

Premenstrual syndrome is often accompanied by mastopathy, which occurs due to hormonal imbalance. Increased chest pain before menstruation. It is necessary to be examined by a gynecologist or a mammologist. The doctor will prescribe drugs that help to establish a balance of hormones, improve the condition of the mammary glands and eliminate pain.

When should a doctor check up?

When, before menstruation, the mammary glands begin to swell and nipples hurt, and on the first or second day of the cycle it goes off without a trace, then there is no need to worry. This is the normal physiological state of the female body associated with the phases of the cycle, when follicles mature in the ovaries and the body prepares for the occurrence of pregnancy.

If at the beginning of menstruation (on the first or second day, when there was a discharge of blood) the pain in the chest does not pass, the mammary glands are swollen and do not become softer, and the nipples are painfully sensitive, this may be a sign of deviations from the normal functioning of the body. Then, without fail, you need to consult a doctor.

Chest pain can be a sign of a serious illness. Therefore, visits to the clinic can not be postponed if the pain is accompanied by the following symptoms:

  • pain for 15-20 days or more,
  • the pain intensifies
  • there is a burning sensation
  • insomnia began,
  • irritability appeared
  • pain is felt in a certain area of ​​one breast,
  • pain does not depend on the cyclical nature of menstruation (as described above).

If there are seals in the chest that can be detected by palpation, then an examination is also necessary. What doctor should I contact if my chest hurt badly before menstruation and there are tight lumps in it? In case of such problems, you should go to an appointment with a gynecologist and a mammologist. These specialists will conduct a comprehensive survey to determine the cause. Diseases that can be found in the chest:

  • benign neoplasms - fibroids,
  • fibrocystic mastopathy,
  • malignant tumors,
  • mastitis.

In addition, you need to pay attention to whether there is a discharge from the nipples. They can be different depending on the cause of the disease state. When mastitis appears greenish discharge, with malignant tumors - bloody (it should alert the most), with mastitis - whitish, almost transparent and odorless, but may be brown. Consultation specialist required.

Hormonal disorders in the female body, which cause breast tenderness, can be the result of thyroid disease, adrenal gland disruption. In the women's clinic, the specialist is a gynecologist-endocrinologist who will identify existing problems in order to begin treatment.

Chest before menstruation may be due to mastopathy, which can be of two types: diffuse or nodular. When the doctor examines and determines the cause, potassium iodide or other drugs are prescribed.

Diagnostic methods

At the reception, the doctor will write out directions for several tests that need to be done to determine the true cause of chest pains:

  • Breast ultrasound,
  • Ultrasound of the ovaries and uterus,
  • blood test.

To make the correct diagnosis, you need to pass the examination. Ultrasound examination should be carried out on the seventh day from the beginning of menstruation. Blood is taken for analysis to determine the amount of hormones and their compliance with normal indicators. The doctor may write a referral to determine the blood level of prolactin, estrogen, or hormones that are produced by the thyroid gland. To eliminate the possibility of cancer, a blood test for tumor markers is performed.

How to inspect the breast yourself?

Normally, when an egg cell matures in the ovary, ovulation occurs, and then monthly, pain in the chest appears and passes. In this case, you need to pay attention to several factors. Nipples should be of normal shape, not retracted. There should be no discharge from them. The skin of a healthy breast has a uniform color, without redness, and the shape of the bust is rounded, without seals and nodules.

Even a healthy woman should be consulted by a gynecologist every six months. This gives confidence that women's health is all right. Once a year it is recommended to be examined by a breast specialist. Each women's clinic has posters describing how to conduct an independent examination of the mammary glands. This should be done once a month. The best time for breast self-examination is the first seven days of the cycle.

How to conduct the survey itself at home? Palpation of the chest is carried out in two positions: first, standing, and then lying on a flat surface. The left breast should be taken from below with the left palm, and with three fingers of the right hand (index, middle and ring) gently probe the breast tissue in a circular motion. When carrying out this procedure, the lobules of the gland will be felt under the fingertips, and various neoplasms, if any, will be clearly visible. Then it is necessary to carry out this procedure with the right breast. For more confidence that the chest is completely healthy, you must consult with your doctor.

How to remove pain?

Pain in the mammary glands before menstruation do not require special treatment if they are cyclical in nature, do not greatly bother a woman and go away on their own on the first or second day of menstruation. If chest pains are accompanied by PMS manifestations, such as nervousness, irritability and insomnia, it is necessary to take herbal preparations. Infusion of mint, valerian tablets, chamomile tea soothe the nervous system, help to establish emotional stability.

For severe pains that depend on the days of the cycle and interfere with normal life, the doctor may prescribe a special treatment:

  • nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs,
  • pain medication
  • Mastodinon.

It should be borne in mind that hormonal drugs have a number of side effects, they should be taken carefully.

To normalize the hormonal background, you need to lead a healthy lifestyle. Walking in the fresh air, positive emotions, sleeping for at least 7 hours and the correct mode of the day will help to establish the stability of the functioning of the reproductive system of the body.

Good nutrition is the second foundation of a healthy female system. In order for the body to produce the necessary hormones, you need proper nutrition. The refusal of meat products can lead to the fact that malfunctions in the female reproductive system will begin. At the same time, nutrition should be balanced. Vegetables and fruits are suppliers of vitamins and minerals, help to remove excess fluid from the body.

In addition to the special treatment that the mammologist or gynecologist will prescribe, the girl must follow a diet. It is necessary to exclude:

  • alcoholic beverages
  • fatty foods
  • spicy seasonings
  • coffee.

When the glands swell before menstruation, it is recommended to wear a sports-type bra or top with breast inserts, but without stones. The sports bra supports a breast in the necessary situation, painful sensations decrease.

What else may be painful in the chest?

Oral contraceptives, which the girl takes to be protected from pregnancy, can also be the reason that the breasts swell before each month. The hormones contained in the tablets have an effect not only on the ovaries, suppressing ovulation, but also on the tissue of the mammary glands. If the painful sensations at the same time deliver severe discomfort, disrupt normal functioning, then the doctor should advise you to refuse these drugs and choose another method of contraception.

Infections of the ovaries and the uterus, abortion, neurosis, and the absence of a permanent sexual partner can lead to imbalance in the hormonal balance of a woman.

If the pain does not bother the girl too much, then breast augmentation, soreness and swelling before menstruation is a natural sign that the female body is functioning perfectly normally, the reproductive system is quite healthy and ready for a woman to become pregnant, have a baby and breastfeed.

Causes of breast pain before menstruation

Not every reason why the chest hurts before menstruation, means the presence of pathologies in the body. The simplest factors that cause chest pain before menstruation:

  • stress,
  • disease, reduced immunity,
  • excess weight,
  • abuse of coffee, nicotine and carbonated drinks.

Under the influence of these causes, the chest begins to hurt just before the start of the cycle, the discomfort just causes discomfort. As soon as menstruation begins, the chest stops hurting.

The effect of hormones on breast tenderness

The process of maturation of the egg in the ovarian follicle in an adult woman is called ovulation. It occurs in the middle of the menstrual cycle. At this time, the cell suitable for fertilization, matures and begins to move into the womb of the uterus.

When the time comes for the release of an egg from the ovarian follicle, hormones are released in the female body. So, at this time, about 12 days before menstruation, white discharge on the panties appears, slight pains in the lower abdomen may occur, sometimes the mammary glands hurt. Doctors believe that this is normal.

In addition, under the influence of a surge of hormones, there is a slight swelling of the nipples, the mammary gland becomes very sensitive to touch. It lasts no more than one day and happens in the middle of a cycle. It is also considered normal when chest pains return for a short time before menstruation. The reason is the same - the influence of female hormones.

If before the months and after them the chest continues to hurt badly, and this has been celebrated for more than a month, you need to contact a breast specialist. Such pains say that the hormonal background of the female body is not in order, but the causes can be infections of the genital organs, the presence of adhesions in the ducts of the genital organs, or ectopic pregnancy.

Symptoms of mastodynia and its treatment

Another reason why before the menstrual chest hurts - mastodynia. If chest pain occurs every menstrual cycle, there is a slight swelling, increased sensitivity, diagnosed with cyclic mastodynia. It is caused by premenstrual syndrome, a large production of estrogen - the female hormone. In this case, the question of whether the chest should hurt can be answered positively, but with the onset of menstruation the pain will definitely cease.

When complaints are carried out, the patient is examined, the glands are palpated, then the woman takes a blood test to check the level of hormones, she does an ultrasound of the mammary glands. Дамам старше сорока лет могут назначить еще и маммографию.

After finding out how the chest hurts before menstruation with cyclic mastodynia, the doctor can prescribe a diet where caffeine, alcohol and fatty foods are limited. The diet includes a larger number of dishes rich in fiber and vitamins.

It is important to reduce the excess amount of estrogen, which can cause severe chest pain in the days before menstruation.

When a hormonal imbalance becomes the cause of non-cyclic mastodynia, in the first stage hormone-containing drugs are selected that are able to restore the imbalance. In addition, oral contraceptives may be prescribed.

Symptoms of mastopathy and its treatment

When the chest hurts several or one day before the cycle begins, and the sensations are sharp, affecting the entire area of ​​the chest, even moving to the shoulder blade and shoulder, this is a sign of mastopathy. If the disease progresses, the discomfort remains even during menstruation, a whitish fluid is secreted from the nipples, and when touched, a lump in the breast is felt. Against this background, some women often also feel sick before menstruation.

The main cause of mastopathy is hormonal failure. It can be triggered by diabetes, liver disease, gynecological diseases or caused by hereditary predisposition.

On examination, even the slightest asymmetry of the breast is checked, it is noted whether the lymph nodes in the armpit are palpable, or if the breast contains seals. Next, the patient undergoes ultrasound and mammography.

For the treatment of mastopathy, complex therapy is used:

  • a diet that should normalize the hormones of a woman,
  • painkillers,
  • vitamin complexes,
  • homeopathic remedies
  • progesterone-based hormonal drugs,
  • iodine-containing agents.

If a large number of seals are diagnosed, and against this background, one breast or even both hurts, use an oxygen-no-coca blockade. After the end of therapy, it is important that the woman watches whether her chest will hurt before menstruation, and how strongly these feelings will be expressed.

How many days before menstruation begins to hurt the chest

Taking into account the peculiarities of the woman's body, it can be argued that certain painful sensations in the mammary glands during the period of ovulation and menstruation are considered normal. The release of a hormone such as progesterone is the reason why it can start to hurt your chest a little before your period. This is not the only change that happens to a woman's body.

In the case of a normal hormonal background, before the menstruation period, an increase in the breast volume of about half a size is noted, sensitivity increases, and the nipples swell. The general condition may worsen somewhat: the lower abdomen pulls, aching headaches begin, fatigue increases, sudden mood swings are possible, dizziness and nausea may occur. If all this passes with the onset of menstruation, this state is normal.

If the chest has stopped hurting

Many women believe that light chest pains are simply a sign of an early menstruation and follow their cycle through them, and then they are worried if they do not feel familiar symptoms.

There is only one reason why the chest stopped aching before menstruation - this is a hormonal failure. It may be caused by the abolition of contraceptives, age-related restructuring of the body, changes in the usual sexual life, the appearance of a sexual partner after a long break or, on the contrary, a long refusal from sex.

If a woman is worried that her chest has stopped hurting, you should visit the doctor. You can independently monitor the health of the breast, perform regular home screening to prevent the development of pathologies of the mammary glands.

Self-diagnosis of breast

If a woman knows that she has a hereditary predisposition to breast diseases or an unstable hormonal background, she should pay attention to such moments:

  • the changes that her breasts undergo in different phases of the menstrual cycle,
  • how many days before menstruation begin chest pains,
  • how hormonal failure still manifests itself.

In addition, a woman should be able to independently check their breasts. This is done a few days after the end of menstruation. In a sitting position, keeping her back straight, the woman with her fingertips feels her chest. It is necessary to press as hard as possible in order not to miss any seals, to squeeze the nipple in order to check whether some kind of discharge can appear.

Marked any pain during the examination. It is important to monitor the condition of axillary lymph nodes, to pay attention if they are inflamed. And also just in front of the mirror one should compare whether there are any differences in both breasts.

In order to reduce chest pain in the second half of the cycle, it is necessary to pay more attention to your diet: remove as much as possible salty and fatty foods from it, discard large doses of caffeine.

You should try to avoid stress before menstruation and not supercool. In the second half of the cycle, on the advice of a doctor, you can start taking magnesium-containing drugs. A few days before your period you should limit your fluid intake. When there are already signs of the beginning of menstruation, you can take painkillers.

Folk remedies for chest pain before menstruation

There are proven folk remedies that can restore the balance of hormones before menstruation, and thus relieve chest pain. A few days before the start of the cycle, you can add flaxseeds or soy products to your food. Broths with red clover will help.

What if pain is accompanied by a general breakdown? In this case, soothing herbal teas containing coconut leaves, celandine, nettle, peony, and St. John's wort can reduce pain and improve the condition before menstruation. Will help to remove a little swelling and chest pain before monthly infusions of herbs with a slight diuretic effect, as well as cowberry leaves. However, it is better to consult with a doctor before using any national remedy.

I was always worried about this question, is it normal or not. Itself constantly suffer from chest pains, and they are very uncomfortable. Now I think that it is better to consult with a doctor and do an ultrasound to calm down morally, if everything is in order, and if not, then start treatment as soon as possible. All the same, we need to pay attention to the signals that the body sends us, if something hurts and worries is not normal.

And I have already got used to being guided by a slight soreness in my chest, that critical days are about to come — you have to be ready. I think that with severe pains I would definitely go to a doctor (gynecologist or breast specialist) - after all, it is clear that this should not be so. In general, any strong painful manifestations are a reason to be wary, I was always convinced of this. If everything is OK - obviously it will not hurt.

The main causes of pain in the chest before menstruation

And so, let's understand why, before menstruation, the representatives of the fair sex have breast pain? Let's start with the characteristics of the cycle. Since each organism is individual and sharply reacts to both internal and external influences and changes, the duration of the menstrual cycle may be from twenty-five to thirty days and this is considered the norm. In addition, we note that almost all processes in the body, especially those associated with reproductive function, are under strict control and interaction of hormones. Consequently, the menstrual cycle is also accompanied by hormonal changes. Note that on the eleventh - the fifteenth day of the cycle in the body dramatically increases the amount of estrogen. During this period, the finished egg leaves the follicle and waits for a “meeting” with the sperm cell. Ie comes ovulation.

How does this affect the state of the breast? In search of an answer to this question, let us turn to physiology. The gland has a lobular structure. Each lobule consists of connective, glandular and adipose tissue. It is through them that the milk ducts pass. And adipose tissue - is the main place of concentration of estrogen. With their increase, the size of the gland naturally changes. In addition, at this time there is an active preparation of the body to produce milk.

Since hormones take an active part in this process, it is natural that with an increase in their concentration, and this happens before menstruation, the glands increase in size, their nipples coarsen a little and their sensitivity increases several times.

Such changes cause chest pain, which so worries many women on the eve of critical days.

The severity of painful sensations is purely individual and depends on many factors.

Sometimes the pain can be quite strong, such that it gives in the back, lower abdomen, armpits. The expressed feeling of discomfort in this case causes even light touches of the tissue to the nipples.

Also, depending on the individual characteristics of the organism, one or both glands may be affected.

We examined the physiological basis of chest pain before menstruation.

Now consider why the pain occurs, because in some women it is absent.

The first reason is hormonal changes, namely an increase in progesterone and prolactin levels in a woman’s body on certain days of the cycle, after their normalization, the pain disappears.

The next factor after which the pain in the chest increases is various stressful situations, physical and psychological fatigue, exhaustion of the body.

In addition, very often the chest before menstruation hurts those women who:

  • lead a sedentary lifestyle
  • suffer from overweight
  • are addicted to alcohol, cigarettes, drugs,
  • experiencing excessive love for caffeinated beverages.

Sometimes women experience discomfort in the gland after heavy exercise on the muscles of the arms.

We considered the main reasons why chest pains before menstruation, which have a physiological explanation and do not pose any danger. However, only a specialist after specific examinations can accurately determine the cause of pain.

When the appearance of chest pain on the eve of menstruation is a sign of pathology

Sometimes the answer to the question: “Why do the mammary glands hurt?” Is to be found in pathological changes in the body. Among them, we note the most common changes, after the appearance of which, in women, menstruation is accompanied by pain in the mammary glands:

  • hormonal disorders,
  • gynecological diseases,
  • inflammation in the chest and in the breasts themselves,
  • benign and malignant neoplasms,
  • shingles.

In order to timely notice the pathological changes a woman should be attentive to herself and regularly undergo inspection.

If a woman has a chest pain not only on the eve of menstruation, but also after or during any other period of the cycle, this is the first symptom, which indicates that some kind of malfunction may have occurred and timely medical assistance is required.

In addition, it is worth paying attention to the nature and intensity of pain.

If the chest swells and hurts so there is no strength to endure, then it is not normal, you should consult a doctor.

Especially you need to be careful and not tolerate, and immediately respond to changes in your body, women over forty, and those at risk of developing various diseases of the mammary glands.

Symptoms of pain pathological nature:

  • the appearance of painful sensations surges,
  • nipple secretion,
  • the appearance of dense areas
  • pain in only one gland
  • intense nature.

However, it should be understood that there is no single description of the symptoms indicating a pathology, since they are directly related to the individual characteristics of the organism.