Hygiene

Open fertility window: all ways to determine favorable days for conception

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Knowledge of favorable days increases the chances of conceiving a child. These days are affected by the life expectancy of the sperm and egg cells, as well as your menstrual cycle. In order for conception to occur, the sperm must reach a mature egg. There are many methods used to calculate favorable days, and they include knowing the average length of the menstrual cycle, signs of ovulation, and even the use of an ovulation calculator.

Ovulation (the release of an egg) and about 5 days before this are the best days for trying to conceive a child. All others during the menstrual cycle are considered unfavorable days. But if you do not want to get pregnant, then the safest period is from the 4th day after ovulation to the end of the cycle (beginning of the next menstruation).

1. Diagram of the length of the menstrual cycle (calendar method)

By tracking the menstrual cycle, you can determine how long the luteal and follicular phases last. If the cycle is regular, it also allows you to calculate when ovulation occurs. Open a spreadsheet or calendar (for example, on your phone) and mark the first day of your period - this is the beginning of your cycle. And then also mark the day when menstruation ends. As soon as the next menstruation begins - note the first day again. Continue this process for three to four months, as additional information will lead to a more accurate determination of your favorable days for conception.

This method can help you better understand the duration of the menstrual cycle and its continuity. You will know when the next one is likely to begin, and you can calculate the ovulation period and the best days to conceive.

2. The most favorable days

Most eggs live 12 to 24 hours after ovulation, and sperm cells can usually survive for up to 5 days in a vaginal environment that is favorable.

Therefore, the best period for conception is 5 days before ovulation and on the day of ovulation. In most cases, ovulation occurs between 12 and 16 days from the start of the menstrual cycle. This means that if your cycle is 24 days, it will be on the 10th day, if 28 days - on the 14th day, if it is a 35-day cycle - ovulation on the 21st day.

Based on this information, you can determine the most favorable days of the month depending on the duration of the cycle. The following table will help you with the calculations:

The best days to conceive a child, depending on the duration of the menstrual cycle

What is ovulation and fertile days

The menstrual cycle consists of several phases. The duration of each is determined by the individual hormonal background. Fertility days are the days of the monthly cycle when fertilization can occur. They are associated with ovulation (the release of the egg from the follicle), but ovulation lasts only a few minutes, and a woman is fertile for several days.

These days depend on hormones, as well as on the emotional state of a woman, her physical activity, diet, bad habits.

  1. The menstrual phase begins on the first day of bleeding and lasts from 3 to 7 days. During this period, the uterus is cleared of the functional layer, which was not involved for the development of the embryo in the last cycle.
  2. Follicular - has a different duration in women. In girls with a short cycle, it lasts 7-10 days, and then fertility days come. If the cycle is long (30 days or more), then the follicular phase lasts up to 18 days. During this period, the level of follicle-stimulating hormone rises, and the dominant follicle grows.
  3. The ovulatory phase is considered the most favorable days for conceiving a child. It starts from the moment when the graaf of the bubble (follicle) of the largest size reaches a diameter of 20 mm and matures; it is ready for disclosure. The duration of the favorable period for conception is not more than two days.
  4. Luteal - a phase in which a temporary endocrine gland (yellow body) appears. Its formation occurs at the site of the released oocyte (egg). Unlike the follicular phase, this period must be stable. The duration of the yellow body is normally from 10 to 14 days.

Fertility days for a woman include not only the term of viability of the egg. A favorable fertility period, when the probability of becoming pregnant is maximum, starts shortly before the follicle ruptures.

Fertility days for a woman are determined not only by the life of the egg, but also by the activity of sperm. Genital cells of a healthy man are able to stay in a woman’s body for several days. Depending on the vaginal microflora, the state of the cervix and lifestyle, this period varies from two days to a week. Fertility increases as the ovulatory phase approaches. If a man has problems, then the duration of a favorable time for conception will be reduced. Sperm will not be able to maintain their activity for a long time.

During menstruation

Menstruation is characterized by profuse discharge of blood from the genital tract. This situation is unfavorable for sperm. Therefore, during menstruation, the probability of becoming pregnant is lowest. The duration of non-fertile days is determined by the cycle length.

Sex during menstruation will not only lead to pregnancy, but may also cause unpleasant consequences in the form of inflammation, endometriosis and other problems.

After menstruation

In the people it is accepted that the first days after menstruation are unfavorable for conception. Doctors refute this statement. If the menstrual cycle is short (for example, 23 days), then ovulation occurs approximately on days 9-11. If the bleeding lasts 5-7 days, then sexual contact after the end of the discharge will be on the days favorable for conception.

The highest probability of becoming pregnant after menstruation is in women with a short cycle and prolonged bleeding, and the lowest is in women with a “lunar period” of 32 days in length and scanty discharge.

Mid cycle

The best days for conceiving a child - in women with an average statistical break between menstruation - fall in the middle. The exit of the genital cell occurs approximately 2 weeks after the onset of bleeding. During this period of the cycle there is a high probability of getting pregnant if the break between the periods is stable and does not exceed 28-30 days.

If a woman has a long cycle, then sexual intercourse in the middle may not lead to fertilization. Dangerous days with a 35-day period ends on 11-13 days, and the middle falls on 17-18 days. By this time, the egg has already lost its viability.

With a short break between periods, a woman has more days to get pregnant. If its duration is three weeks, then the middle falls on the 10th day. Ovulation occurs after 8-9 days after the start of discharge and almost coincides with half the cycle.

Before menstruation

The duration of the luteal phase in all girls is about the same and does not exceed 14 days. The time of activity of the yellow body should not be less than 9 days. The generally accepted standards allow us to say that before menstruation, fertility in women is reduced.

The average duration of viability of the egg is 1-2 days. After this, the gamete dies, and the luteal phase ends with the rejection of the functional layer. Therefore, sexual contact before menstruation is unlikely to lead to conception. The exception is women with unstable cycle, hormonal disruption in the current month, as well as spontaneous ovulation.

How to determine the ideal days for conception

Without examination, doctors cannot say which days of the cycle can become pregnant. Gynecologists claim that the probability of conception in healthy partners persists during all phases of the lunar period. To determine on which day of the cycle ovulation occurs, you need to know:

  • how long is the break between menstruation,
  • regular bleeding
  • what is the duration of discharge
  • Does a woman take hormones?
  • how long menstruation goes.

There are methods for determining fertile days: calendar, cervical, temperature, ultrasound and tests.

Calendar method

To calculate favorable days for conception, you need to know the length of the cycle (from the beginning to the beginning of menstruation). The technique is suitable for women with regular menses. A high probability of becoming pregnant is noted on the day of the egg's release and 5 days before it.

  • With a 23-day cycle, the period from 4 to 11 days will be fertile.
  • With a 29-day - conception is possible from 10 to 17 days.
  • With a 34-day - from 15 to 22.

If the bleeding is not regular, then a woman will need to keep a calendar for one year to calculate. Determining the length of the shortest and longest cycle, calculate by the formula: 19 should be subtracted from the shortest, and 10 from the long. Ovulation will take place in the resulting time interval.

The calendar method is not considered a reliable means of preventing pregnancy, despite the fact that it is actively used by couples for this purpose.

By the nature of the discharge

The greatest chance of becoming pregnant is in the ovulatory phase. At this time, the position of the cervix changes and its secretory activity increases. The discharges that were scarce at the beginning of the cycle become transparent and watery. Patients say that it becomes like egg white. By cervical fluid can be found on the approach of fertile days, if you carefully observe in each interval between the bleeding.

After the onset of the luteal phase, the mucus thickens and becomes like a thick cream.

The gynecologist will help determine the favorable time for conceiving a child. For this purpose, folliculometry is prescribed (several ultrasounds - usually 3-4). The procedure is performed several times during the cycle and allows you to analyze the growth of the follicle. When grafaf bubble reaches the size of 18-22 mm, come good days for conception. A sonologist (uzist doctor), observing the behavior of the ovaries for several days, can roughly calculate the length of time when you can get pregnant, and when you can’t conceive.

With the ovulation test

The reproductive period is recommended to be determined using test systems for home use. They visually resemble devices used to establish pregnancy. The only difference is in the reagents. A pregnancy test determines the presence of chorionic gonadotropin.

A device for tracking ovulation is provided to detect luteinizing hormone. The maximum concentration of this substance is noted for a day and a half before the follicle rupture. If the test shows a positive result, then began the period of time when a girl can get pregnant.

According to the schedule of basal temperature

Measuring the temperature in the intestines helps determine when it is better to get pregnant. It is important to perform the procedure daily and do it immediately after waking up. In the first phase, thermometer readings are no more than 36.5 ° C. A few days before ovulation, the figure gradually decreases, reaching a minimum figure before the release of the oocyte.

The following measurement of the basal temperature suggests a temperature rise of at least 0.5 ° C. This value remains unchanged for the next two weeks - until the first day of the next cycle.

After the onset of ovulation, a long-awaited implant retraction can occur (that is, the moment when the fertilized egg is inserted into the endometrium). It is characterized by a one-time decrease in the thermometer 3-7 days after fertilization.

Folk methods

Favorable days for conception are determined using unconventional methods. Modern medicine does not recognize them, but does not prohibit. An increase in the chances for fertilization is indicated by increased sexual desire and pain in the abdomen.

Folk signs say that it is better to start conceiving on a growing moon. On the new moon and the full moon the probability of pregnancy is minimal. About the beginning of the fertile period says crystallizing saliva. For the experiment, you need to put a drop of saliva on a hard surface and allow to dry.

Ovulation and conception: 48 hours in time

It is not enough just to know when the auspicious days begin to conceive a child. Some couples make the same mistake - they learn that you need to have sex and practice it every day. Sexual intercourse should be repeated with small interruptions so that the concentration of spermatozoa remains elevated.

After the egg has left the ovary, it is necessary to complete the PA in 48 hours. If during the folliculometry the size of the graaf bubble reached 20 mm, and the next day a liquid was found in the adipose space, then the oocyte was released. From now on, there are no more than 36 hours for a successful conception.

The greatest chance of becoming pregnant is one day before ovulation. Often couples do not have time to meet in 48 hours. Therefore, doctors do not recommend waiting for the rupture of the follicle. The fertility window opens a few days before ovulation. If from this moment you have sex with a break in the day, you will soon get pregnant.

Ovulation calendar

Each woman can compile a calendar of favorable days for conceiving a child. It is enough to know how long the cycle lasts in her, the day of the beginning of the last menstruation. The easiest will be those women whose cycle is the standard 28 days. It is enough for them to count 14 days from the beginning of the cycle - this will be the approximate day of ovulation.

Favorable will be 3-4 days before and 2 days after. All these days should be noted on the calendar, preferably in different colors. Usually red means menstruation days, blue - ovulation, yellow - days favorable for conception, and the rest - black, as unpromising.

Those who have a cycle longer than the standard or shorter than it will be much more difficult to calculate favorable days for conceiving a child. Among other things, too short and too long a cycle are much more prone to failures.

Basal Temperature Graph

Women with a non-standard cycle can be helped by a basal temperature chart. It is known that it is constantly changing during the menstrual cycle in a strictly defined way. At the beginning of the cycle, it roughly corresponds to normal body temperature, and closer to ovulation it rises somewhere up to 37 degrees.

It is this temperature that is most favorable for a ripened egg cell, spermatozoon and the ovum. Therefore, it is preserved until the egg is alive. If fertilization does not occur, then before the most monthly basal temperature again decreases to normal.


From the point of view of determining days favorable for conception, the basal temperature chart is useful because it allows you to accurately determine the day of ovulation by raising the temperature. Especially if the schedule is maintained for at least 3 months. The cycle is repeated time after time, which allows you to know more precisely when ovulation will happen in just a few months. And, therefore, favorable days for conception.

In order to correctly plot the basal temperature, it is very important to measure it correctly. This should be done in the morning, without getting up, literally without getting out from under the blanket. Even sudden movements are not desirable. Moreover, it is not necessary to have sex before the measurement.

In addition, it is desirable to carry out the measurement at the same time, some argue that it should coincide up to a minute. This is due to the fact that the basal temperature for an hour rises by about 0.1 degrees, which means that measurement at different times will also give different results.

As is already clear from the previous paragraph, the basal temperature is measured rectally. Not only sudden movements can change the temperature. The state of health of the woman, alcohol intake in previous days, poor sleep and much more. All these factors should be recorded in the schedule. This helps to weed out irregular temperature changes afterwards.

It is quite possible to measure the temperature of the house at the same time, if you have a standard five-day schedule. What to do if a woman has a daily work schedule? Or part of the days it works on the day, and some on the night? But there are a lot of such professions now.

Here the calculator of favorable days for conceiving a child can come to the rescue. Using it is quite simple. It is enough to enter the length of your cycle and the exact date of the first day of the last menstrual period. The calculator will do the rest. The result will be a calendar indicating the day of ovulation, favorable and not favorable days and the first day of the cycle. You will only need to rewrite or print this data.

Online calculator is very convenient. It remains only to repeat that you should not use it to determine the days that are safe for sex. We remind you that a cycle failure is not a rare occurrence. It can be affected by stress, illness, even accepted alcohol. Не нужно рисковать своим здоровьем, если беременность в ближайшее время вы не планируете.

Календарный метод определения овуляции

Применяя данный метод пара производит половые сношения в течении части менструального цикла, когда вероятность женщины зачать наиболее высока, т.е. когда в ее организме есть яйцеклетка, способная к оплодотворению. Однако в отличие от менструации у овуляции нет очевидных признаков, и ее определение достаточно условно.

При регулярной менструации

It is known that the egg matures approximately in the middle of the menstrual cycle, and, therefore, ovulation directly depends on its duration. With a cycle duration of 28 days, ovulation usually occurs on the 14-15 day of the cycle, but can occur on any day from the 13th to the 17th day - this gives a period of 5 years, when the opportunity to become pregnant is especially great. Since spermatozoa can live for 3-4 days, 4 days before this period is also favorable for conceiving a child. And since the egg cell also has a certain viability period (approximately within a day) after ovulation, one more day is added to the 5-day period. The result is 10 days (from the 9th to the 18th day of the cycle, inclusive), during which the probability of becoming pregnant is maximum. If the menstrual cycle is shorter (21-24 days), then ovulation occurs earlier - 10-12 days, if the cycle is long (32-35 days), then ovulation occurs, usually, 16-18 days from the onset of menstruation. The cycle duration is not important if menstruation occurs regularly. In any case, a favorable time for conception for 10 days, counting out 20 days before the start of the next menstruation.

With irregular menstruation

But in most cases, the cycle is not strictly constant, the difference in its duration is 3-7 days, and this shifts the period of maturation of the egg (changes the date of ovulation).

In this case, the woman should carefully record the duration of each cycle and determine the shortest and longest cycle based on the results of the previous year's records. The following calculations are made:

A) the number of days of the longest cycle is subtracted 19,

B) 10 is subtracted from the number of days of the longest cycle.

The figure (A) means the first day of those when conception may occur, if we count from the beginning of the last menstruation. The figure (B) gives the last day to conceive. So, if the shortest cycle lasted 25 days, and the longest - 29, we get:

A) 25-19 = 6 and B) 29-10 = 19.

Thus, the days from the 6th to the 19th day inclusive from the beginning of the last menstruation should be considered favorable for fertilization. However, 15% of women have such an irregular menstrual cycle that it is impossible to use the calendar method.

And even with a perfectly rhythmic cycle, ovulation does not always occur in the middle of a cycle, depending on various, difficult to account for reasons. There is an assumption that under the influence of sexual intercourse, taking a number of drugs, especially hormonal drugs, additional ovulation may occur on any day of the menstrual cycle or a change in the moment of its occurrence occurs. And, finally, spermatozoa may remain capable of fertilization for more than 4 days, so even if sexual intercourse occurred 4 days before ovulation, in rare cases, the egg cell is still fertilized. That is why the calendar method, based only on the calculation of dates, is not very effective.

Temperature method for determining ovulation

More precisely, compared to the calendar method, ovulation can be determined using the temperature method. Usually, the temperature of a woman on the day of ovulation rises sharply - by 0.6 ° C (due to an increase in the content of the hormone - progesterone). This jump in temperature is easy to fix with a thermometer and recording the results of temperature measurements preceding ovulation.

Immediately at the moment when the temperature rises, the period of probable fertilization is likely to come to an end (besides, the increased level of progesterone, which causes an increase in temperature, makes the cervical mucosa unfavorable for sperm penetration). This makes it possible to determine unfavorable days for conception in the period after ovulation - from the moment of temperature rise up to the next menstruation, inclusive. However, after the next menstruation, it is impossible to determine favorable days, since it is not known when the next ovulation will occur.

The method consists in measuring the temperature in the rectum (basal temperature). The temperature is measured in the morning, immediately after sleep, at the same time, without getting out of bed, with a thermometer inserted 5 cm into the rectum, the measurement time is 10 minutes. With daily measurement, a graph of basal temperature is obtained, in which the temperature is less than 37.0 ° С (usually 36.5-36.7 ° С) before ovulation, and later - above 37.0 ° С (37.0-37.2 ° C), the day before the temperature rises, and there is an ovulation time. If you take measurements for 3 months, then the day of ovulation can be determined in advance with a sufficiently high accuracy. A few days (5-7) before the temperature jump is the most favorable for conception.

Method for the analysis of cervical mucus

Another method, based on the menstrual cycle, involves the analysis of the mucous membrane of the cervix. This method, in combination with the calendar method, can help determine the non-fertile days between menstruation and ovulation.

During the menstrual cycle, changes occur in the composition of the mucus on the cervix and its quantity. A sample of mucus is taken with a finger or a mirror inserted into the vagina. About three days after the end of menstruation, mucus is usually not. The possibility of getting pregnant is negligible these days. When mucus appears thick and white, then it becomes more transparent and liquid and remains so for two days (peak). The most favorable for conception are the days from the first appearance of mucus to the 4-day period after the peak. Regarding the use of this method should consult a doctor.

Combined method for determining days favorable for conception

All the above methods for determining ovulation do not give an accurate result. Especially if a woman does not have a regular menstrual cycle, ovulation occurs irregularly or additionally. Therefore, it is preferable to use several methods of determining ovulation at once to obtain a more reliable and accurate picture.

Saliva Crystallization Method

This method of determining ovulation is based on the fact that after menstruation the concentration of such specific female sex hormones as estrogens gradually begins to increase. Their concentration gradually increases during the first half of the menstrual cycle and reaches the highest value by the time of ovulation.

An increase in the level of estrogen leads to the fact that the content of chlorides (NaCl, KCl, CaCl, MgCl) increases in saliva 2-3 days before ovulation. Increased salt concentration in saliva leads to its crystallization during drying.

It is necessary to observe the changes taking place within a few (5-6) days before the estimated date of ovulation. Sequential and systematic analysis allows us to observe changes occurring in the structure of saliva during drying, depending on the approach to the day of the release of the egg. The higher the salt concentration, the more clearly the crystal structure resembling a fern leaf is observed. Therefore, when examining dried saliva in a microscope on the day of ovulation, you can see pictures similar to the leaves of a fern.

This method is quite reliable and economical, provided that you have a good microscope. The reliability of the saliva crystallization test to determine the day of ovulation is quite high. Currently, even special mini-microscopes are being marketed to calculate the day of ovulation based on changes in saliva.

Ovulation tests (sold in a pharmacy)

Tests for determining ovulation on the principle of action are similar to tests for the diagnosis of pregnancy. They are small strips with two indicators. Which, upon contact with urine or saliva, change their color depending on the concentration of the hormone. With the approach of the moment of ovulation in the woman's body, there is a sharp increase in the concentration of luteinizing hormone, which in turn results in the release of the egg from the follicle - ovulation. Increasing the level of this hormone in urine or saliva is the basis of these tests. Tests should be performed daily, starting 5-6 days before the intended ovulation strictly following the instructions. Ovulation occurs within 24 hours after receiving the first positive result. Since ovulation is determined within several days, five tests are sold in one set at once. Two lines of the indicator stained equally intensely indicate the peak concentration of the hormone and the onset of ovulation. This means that the next 2-3 days are the best time to conceive a child. However, this method, like pregnancy tests, does not exclude errors, therefore it is recommended to combine this method with other, for example, temperature methods.

Ultrasound monitoring

The most accurate method for determining the approximation of ovulation and the fact that it occurred is ultrasound monitoring. This method allows you to monitor the development and growth of the follicle and, based on this data, predict the date or even see the release of the egg - ovulation. Ultrasound monitoring is carried out by a doctor in the hospital. Approximately 6-7 days after menstruation, with the use of a vaginal sensor of the ultrasound machine, monitoring starts on whether the follicles mature and in which ovary. During the following days, periodic surveys are conducted to obtain data on the growth of follicles, it is determined whether there is a dominant follicle (which will ovulate) and other indicators, which make it possible to predict the approximate time of onset of ovulation with high probability. This method is reliable, but not very convenient for a woman, because you need to constantly undergo frequent examinations in the hospital, but on the other hand, with the help of ultrasound, you can detect failures in the process of ovulation.

Thus, many methods, and better their combination, in our time allows a woman to determine the date of ovulation with high accuracy. That allows to determine the most favorable days for conceiving a child.

To the doctor - together!

The spouse is most often invited to the antenatal clinic. We must go there together, as we used to go to the registry office. The gynecologist, of course, will tell you how to calculate the most favorable days for conceiving a baby. But before that will collect anamnesis (anamnesisset of information obtained during a medical examination by questioning the subject and / or those who know him. The study of history, as well as the questioning in general, is not just a list of questions and answers to them. The psychological compatibility depends on the style of conversation between the doctor and the patient, which largely determines the ultimate goal - to alleviate the patient's condition. ) - find out when and how both spouses were sick. After conducting the necessary research, will give recommendations.

Doctors believe that it is necessary to prepare for conception for half a year. For half a year, the female body should get stronger in order to carry a healthy child. The body of a man, however strange it may seem, also needs preparation.

Vitaminization - first of all!

Even if the couple is healthy, men and women will be prescribed vitamins. And both are the same. Folic acid, vitamins A, E, C, prescribe zinc and selenium.

You ask: why?

The same fortifying drugs act on the male and female body in different ways.

  • Folic acid, which is called the "pregnancy vitamin." In women before conception, it contributes to the maturation of the eggs. In men, high-quality sperm. However, a woman will drink this vitamin until the end of pregnancy. A man can be terminated with a safe offensive conception.
  • Vitamin A in men causes sexual desire and improves the quality of sperm. An unborn child needs Vitamin A for a peephole. But usually doctors are not allowed to exceed its dosage.
  • "Female Vitamin" E, which is called the vitamin of youth and beauty, cares for the skin, bones, nails. In men, it contributes to the maturation of sperm.
  • Vitamin C is a good immune stimulant. He will save sperm from free radicals. It is important for women.
  • Selenium contributes to the production of sperm and prolongs their life, not allowing to die ahead of time.
  • Zinc also increases the viability of sperm. Hence, it is useful for men for the full conception.
  • Vitamins of group B are more often prescribed to women on the eve of conception: B6 - contributes to the correct formation of the cerebral cortex in the future baby. They should be saturated with the organism of the future mother. In addition, in combination with B12 and B1, it has a positive effect on the cardiovascular, musculoskeletal system of the developing fetus. These vitamins should be enough in the body of the future mother before conception.
  • Vitamin D is beneficial for both mother and child. It is necessary for the formation of healthy teeth in the baby. And for the preservation of the teeth of a mother who carries a child under her heart.

When future parents are stronger, physically and mentally prepared for the appearance of a small family member, you can do the calculation of the correct day of conception of the firstborn.

Vaginal method

This method is quite simple. An experienced woman always feels ovulation. Vaginal discharge on such days resembles the contents of chicken protein. The mucus is the same viscous.

There are other signs. Swelling chest. Pulls and aches the ovary - from the side where the egg is preparing to go into the fallopian tube to meet with the sperm. Increased sexual desire. So nature itself takes care of the continuation of the species.

How to determine the day of ovulation?

One of the exact methods for determining the days of ovulation is ultrasound. A woman can always use ultrasound monitoring. It is also called folliculometry.

A highly qualified physician on the machine monitors the entire process of ovarian maturation, starting from the 8-10th day of the menstrual cycle, or immediately after the menstrual period, every two days. Until the follicle reaches 1.8-2.4 cm during ovulation. But the maturation of the follicle is not a guarantee of pregnancy, as it may not break, but continue to grow until it forms a cyst. Normally, a follicle rupture is indicated by the presence of fluid from a bursting follicle in the back of the uterus and an increase in progesterone, the formation of a corpus luteum.

Watching a woman for two or three months, the doctor can name the exact days of ovulation, guided by the characteristic signs on the ultrasound machine. He can determine the reasons for her absence in the anovulatory cycle.

Calculator

Not everyone knows that there is a modern method of determining ovulation with a special calculator. This can be done on the site http://mypreg.ru/index.php?mod=calczachatiya

You can try. For accurate determination, you need to enter only the date of the last menstruation, the duration of the monthly cycle and the period of calculation. Everything else will make for you a calculator.

Suppose young parents have planned the conception of a child in the near future. A woman has a 24-day cycle. Last month was 1 October. We take 3 settlement periods: October, November and December.

The calculator produces the following results:

Best days for conception: from 9 to 17 October, from 2 to 10 November, from 26 November to 4 December.

As you can see, in November there are as many as 14 favorable days, use them for conception.

Folk method

This old-fashioned way of determining the most favorable days for conceiving your own offspring is very simple. It takes the duration of the female cycle and is divided exactly in half. For example, a woman has a classic cycle of 28 days. Divide it in half. And add and subtract one by one. Hence, the best for love joys will be days: from the 13th to the 15th.

Sometimes take into account the lunar cycle, which in the life of a woman is important. It is believed that neither in the new moon, nor in the full moon, nor in the last third of the lunar cycle, on a waning moon, you should not conceive a child. A growing moon is better suited for this.

Girl or boy?

In anticipation of a child in families, they wonder: who is born, a girl or a boy. Grandmothers are trying to determine this by certain characteristics. If the belly is tapering forward: then it will be a boy. If the stomach is round, and the hips are thicker, then you have to wait for the girl.

Now the sex of the child is determined by ultrasound. Ultrasound is better than any grandmother “sees”: who hid there in mom's tummy.

But in young families, where they wait for the first child, they want to know the sex of the child even before he falls into this belly. Plan a baby in families where there are already children. There is a boy, I want a girl. Or vice versa.

Doctors believe that if sexual intercourse occurred on the eve of ovulation, a girl will be born. If after - a boy.

Eastern sages advise: to give birth to a son, to sleep with a headboard to the north. Those who are waiting for their daughter - to the south.

WE READ ALSO:

Why can not get pregnant: the reasons and recommendations for those who can not conceive a child - http://razvitie-krohi.ru/beremennost/problemyi/pochemu-ne-poluchaetsya-zaberemeneti.html

The gynecologist tells you how the fertilization process takes place, which days are most favorable for conception and how to determine them using ovulation tests, how to prepare for pregnancy for both partners, and which medical examination to take.

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Basal temperature fixation

В основе этого способа лежит то, что во время смены фаз менструального цикла на действие гормонов реагирует центр терморегуляции, находящийся в гипоталамусе (отдел головного мозга, ответственный за гормональную регуляцию), что проявляется изменением температуры тела.

Для вычисления овуляции на протяжении 3-4 циклов подряд женщина регистрирует графически температуру, которая измеряется ректально. Процедура проводится ежедневно в одно и то же время, по утрам до подъема с постели. Используется при этом один и тот же термометр.

To understand how to calculate the day of ovulation, you need to know that, in front of it, there is a decrease in basal temperature by 0.2-0.4 degrees, and then a sharp rise by 0.8 degrees. Elevated values ​​are kept until the end of the cycle and returns to the initial level at the beginning of the month. The peak temperature increase is considered to be the time of ovulation.

This method allows calculating days favorable for fertilization with greater accuracy than the calendar method.

Determination of ovulation as a condition of cervical mucus

The principle of this technique is as follows: at the time of ovulation, secretions from the cervical canal under the influence of hormones change their characteristics, which ensures a better permeability and environment for spermatozoa. It is necessary to determine the favorable time for conceiving a child according to the state of mucus only after consulting a doctor. This is because if there are any inflammatory diseases of the vagina or cervix, then the method will be unreliable.

For analysis with a clean hand, a sample of the discharge is taken. After menstruation, mucus is usually small. Further, it becomes white and thick, and by the time of ovulation - transparent and volatile. The best for conception are days from 1 to 4 of the appearance of mucus.

Ovulation test

The biochemical test for ovulation is based on the fact that in the ovulatory period a high amount of luteinizing hormone is produced. It is determined in the urine by means of a special indicator. Ovulation tests are in the form of conventional test strips and electronic systems. The principle of operation of those and others is identical.

For analysis, you need to collect urine (better in the morning) and lower the indicator there for 5 seconds. You can substitute it immediately under the stream of urine. Then the test is placed on a horizontal surface. The result is displayed for 5 minutes, but no later than 15.

The test is considered positive when two strips appear, or when a certain sign is displayed on the electronic test display. This means that the next three days will be favorable for conception. Such an ovulation test is most accurate for home diagnostics.

Ultrasonic inspection method

Ultrasound observation of follicle maturation with the subsequent determination of the time of release of the egg is the most reliable. A study is being conducted in the hospital for 6–7 days after the end of menstruation. For this vaginal sensor is carried out by ultrasound, and the state of the ovaries is determined.

Every two days, the examination is repeated, the size of the follicles is assessed, and the time of release of the egg is recorded. With this method, the most favorable days for conception are determined. Basically ultrasound in the dynamics used in artificial insemination.

Healthy children are the key to a happy and strong family, therefore, future pregnancies should be treated responsibly. There are many ways to determine favorable days for conceiving a child. These are methods based on medical knowledge and science-related techniques. Which of them to choose in order to calculate the likely day of ovulation, each woman decides for herself. Optimum use simultaneously in several ways. This will allow you to get to know your body better and determine the date of conception most effectively.

Oh, for me half a year ago, conceiving a child was a sore subject in general, since my husband and I could not do this for a long time. I even thought that I would have to go to Eco. And when they began to undergo examination with her husband, my gynecologist found out that the reason was in my cycle. I never could have thought that a broken cycle could affect conception, but how it happened. But I do not despair, all the more thanks to vitamin E, folic acid, vitamin C, glutamic acid, zinc and other components that I take in the form of capsules Time Factor, my cycle has already become much better. And the thing is that these components support the hormonal balance in women.

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