Monthly at early pregnancy
Any woman knows that if there are no periods, this is a sign of pregnancy. After receiving a confirmation using the test, it is prepared for a long wait. The sudden arrival of menstruation in the early period causes her surprise and incomprehension. Many, after consulting with their relatives, after listening to the reviews of their friends, calm down, believing that this is the norm. Others try to find the answer by going to the doctor. Consider whether there may be periods during early pregnancy.
In the case of an ectopic pregnancy, pain is noted at the point of attachment of the ovum. They are exacerbated during physical exertion. There are scant dark discharge. And the case with
intense and prolonged bleeding indicates spontaneous exfoliation of the ovum.
The risk of miscarriage at an early stage of pregnancy also entails a small discharge of dark-colored blood, pain in the lower abdomen, as before menstruation.
About the dead embryo woman may not guess for some time. Only a few symptoms, such as bleeding, occasional sharp pain, and softening of the chest, indicate a problem.
Is blood always dangerous?
Can periods during early pregnancy be dangerous? The answer to this question is: in most cases, yes. Every woman is individual, and the symptoms of all are varied. If you feel unwell in the early period, if there is bleeding, you should immediately consult a gynecologist.
Reviews of specialists are as follows: the earlier a woman will resort to help, the faster you can make a diagnosis.
Is bleeding always dangerous?
Can bleeding be safe? There are examples when you do not need to worry because of the appearance of vaginal blood at the beginning of pregnancy. This happens when:
- hormonal failure,
- implantation of the ovum,
- the occurrence of pregnancy right before the menstruation,
- fertilizing one egg from two.
Shortly before menstruation
Doctors say that there is a chance of getting pregnant at any stage of the cycle, including a few days before menstruation. A woman assumes that ovulation has already ended, but in fact it is not. The so-called late ovulation occurred before the onset of menstruation, the pregnancy has come, but the monthly periods did not linger, but arrived on time.
One of two
Could there be more reasons why menstruation appears at the beginning of the term? This happens when 2 ova in each ovary synchronously mature, of which only one is fertilized, which is preserved, and the second is removed with bleeding.
What is the danger of menstruation during pregnancy?
The occurrence of menstruation during pregnancy in many cases is an abnormality. The threat to the baby is always present. What is its essence?
Simply, a woman may be unaware of her condition, she will perceive blood discharge as menstruation, without changing her habitual habits and harming her child:
- increased stress on the body
- unhealthy food
- smoking, alcohol.
The appearance of menstruation at the beginning of pregnancy, according to doctors, is also dangerous because they can go into heavy bleeding and threaten significant blood loss.
Can women themselves discover the cause of bleeding during an early pregnancy? No, you must go to the gynecologist. Early pregnancy and compliance with the instructions of the doctor will help to preserve the health of the woman and her baby.
Monthly and pregnancy: is it really like that
When the question arises whether periods are possible in the early stages of pregnancy, it is easy to answer negatively. From the point of view of physiology, this is impossible. During menstruation, the outer layer of the uterine lining is rejected. And it happens when an unfertilized egg undergoes extinction, the volume of progesterone decreases in the blood, the endometrium becomes thinner and part of it is excreted, being replaced by new tissues. During pregnancy, the embryo formed in the middle of the cycle remains in the uterus, for which the body creates the necessary conditions for it. Everything happens exactly the opposite than before critical days: progesterone grows, the endometrium loosens, thickens to fix the fetal egg in it.
For periods during pregnancy in the early stages, you can take the implantation of blood. After 7-10 days, counting from conception, the ovum moves along the fallopian tube down to gain a foothold in the uterus. It is screwed into its inner coating, which is permeated with blood vessels. And the initial phase of pregnancy gives the tissues swelling and high sensitivity. Capillaries are easily destroyed, splashing out blood. The process lasts up to 2 days and falls on the critical time. The volume of discharge is minimal, but they look like monthly in early pregnancy. They may have a slight, smarting abdominal pain.
This process is absolutely physiological, so a woman should not be afraid for her position. For some, it passes completely unnoticed.
The lack of progesterone, which ensures a normal course of pregnancy, can also lead to the fact that a woman wonders if there are monthly periods during pregnancy in the early stages. There are bloody discharge, very similar to them, but much smaller in number. Menstrual-like mucus comes out of the vagina on those days when the calendar would be critical. A woman may feel unwell, peculiar to them.
Such scanty periods during pregnancy in the early stages are not dangerous, they have the opportunity to cope. The gynecologist will prescribe hormonal drugs that normalize the background. A woman these days should rest more and not think about the bad.
Damage to the vagina
The appearance of discharge as a period, during pregnancy in the early stages showing obvious signs, possibly after intercourse. This does not always mean increased uterine contractions and a ban on sex life due to the likelihood of interruption. But during this period, the blood supply to the genital organs increases, so the vaginal surface vessels are easily damaged. Allocation may not go out immediately, but after a while in the form of reddish daub. And if this happens in numbers, when menstruation should begin, it seems that this is it.
In one cycle, two eggs
Monthly during pregnancy in the early stages can go if the body gave two eggs in one cycle. This happens when using drugs that stimulate ovulation. And sometimes nature itself gives such an opportunity to young and full-blooded women, especially if there have been multiple pregnancies in their family in previous generations. But not always both female sex cells are connected with spermatozoa. The fertilized remains inside the uterus, developing as it should be, and the “extra” is derived, which gives a rare combination: early pregnancy and menstruation. Discharge is weak, but may be accompanied by all the symptoms characteristic of menstruation.
The onset of pregnancy during menstruation
The combination of sperm and egg is possible only under certain circumstances. They are created with ovulation, which falls around the middle of the cycle. The reproductive cell becomes fully ready for fertilization, all efforts of the reproductive sphere are aimed at its preservation and the favored mode. Some women try to use this pattern to get pregnant. And the length of time after ovulation is considered in this respect safe, especially closer to menstruation. And having found two strips on the test, they wonder whether pregnancy is possible during menstruation, the symptoms of which they feel. Although it seems to be unrealistic.
This situation is rare, but occurs. Due to hormonal problems, a minor failure, ovulation can occur just before menstruation. The embryo is still in the fallopian tube, and the endometrium begins to slowly peel off and excrete. It looks like pregnancy during menstruation, the symptoms of the latter when it is different from the usual:
- They arrive a bit earlier than expected on schedule,
- Discharges are noticeably less
- The color of the outgoing mucus is different - lighter or darker,
- The duration of the "red days" is less.
Is the pregnancy different during menstruation?
At the beginning of the critical days, the woman's well-being changes, as during pregnancy. And when she feels it, she does not always know how to distinguish what caused the change, because the main sign of its occurrence — delays — no longer exists. Otherwise, pregnancy through menstrual symptoms is the same as usual:
- Breast augmentation, tenderness, especially felt near the nipples. Both mammary glands are the same size. When you press on the breast, liquid can be released, which is the predecessor of milk. Spots around the areola appear on the skin. During menstruation, the chest is also painful, but in sections, without nipple discharge,
- The need for urination is noted more often. This is caused by the swelling of the tissues characteristic of pregnancy, the influx of blood to the uterus, and a slight irritation due to this bladder. With menstruation, this happens only with cystitis,
- Aversion to food, morning vomiting, can change the taste for food, manifest oddities in this sense, when you want to eat chalk, earth, or something else unsuitable for this. Pregnancy through the monthly signs relating to this aspect will not be confused with critical days. During menstruation, the appetite disappears for a short time and there is no need to try the inedible, sweet cravings increase,
- Quick fatigue Changes in hormonal levels provoke fatigue and irritability. It's almost like on critical days,
- Skin rashes. Hormones provoke the occurrence of acne and increased greasiness, and during pregnancy, and on critical days. But in future moms, there is increased pigmentation on the face, abdomen, which is not observed during menstruation. Pregnancy also "decorates" the skin of women translucent vessels through it, thanks to estrogen.
Start interruption and miscarriage
Menstruation with clots in early pregnancy is almost always a bad sign, as they pose a threat to this situation. Endometrial tissues are rejected, with them it is easy to slip out a weak and tiny embryo. If you pull with a visit to the doctor, the bleeding will end in miscarriage, that is, the detachment of the ovum and the end of pregnancy. Sometimes there are prerequisites for this in the form of a reduced amount of progesterone. But its disadvantage is easily repaired, using synthetic or vegetable analogues in the form of a medicine. Miscarriage can occur without obvious reasons, if the fetus initially had genetic defects, or it stopped developing. With him, the woman feels paroxysmal pain, weakness. Abundant periods during early pregnancy also indicate a miscarriage.
Both conditions require the intervention of a gynecologist. With the threat of interruption, he is able to save the pregnancy. When miscarriage should assess the condition of a woman and also provide the necessary assistance.
If the gestational egg stops in the fallopian tube or elsewhere, except for the organ intended for it, the pregnancy is called ectopic. Its development causes damage to the blood vessels and bleeding. When they fall on critical days, it seems as if menstruation began at the early gestational age. Moreover, there is an additional symptom - abdominal pain. However, during menstruation, it weakens and soon disappears, and tubal pregnancy strengthens it over time. And this condition requires the provision of professional assistance to the woman.
Improperly developing pregnancy is such that instead of a normal embryo, cysts in the form of grapes are found in the uterus. This blistering skid, in which an imperfect egg cell is fertilized. It has no chromosomes, therefore, with the development, only the father is doubled. Anomaly causes discharge, as menstruation, during pregnancy in the early stages other signs almost do not appear. Is that toxicosis expressed more palpable, sometimes gestosis can be observed. It is necessary to get rid of a bubble skid faster so that its tissues do not penetrate into other organs.
If, at a serious suspicion of pregnancy, a menstrual discharge suddenly appeared, the woman should not think that the test and her own feelings deceived her. It is necessary to find out their nature together with the attending doctor in order to stop the bleeding and eliminate the existing danger. And if there is nothing terrible in the secretions, calmly wait for the baby to appear.
The main signs and symptoms of how to determine an ectopic pregnancy in the early stages. Ectopic pregnancy - a terrible diagnosis.
Pregnancy and monthly. No matter how ridiculous this phrase looked, it is similar, although rare, but it does occur.
She just thinks that she had a failure in the cycle, painful and heavy periods began. . Rubella during pregnancy in the early stages: is there.
Can there be monthly after pregnancy?
According to female physiology, menstruation and expectation of a child are absolutely incompatible concepts. The menstrual cycle can be divided into three important periods: before the onset of ovulation (follicular), directly ovulation and the time after it and before the start of menstruation (lutein). In the first half of the cycle, the endometrium grows on the walls of the uterus. If at the onset of ovulation the egg does not fertilize, then the endometrium begins to exfoliate and, together with the blood, comes out at the end of the cycle. This cycle is repeated every month.
If fertilization occurs during ovulation, the fertilized egg descends through the fallopian tube into the uterus, where it is implanted into its cavity. Since then, the level of progesterone hormone in the female body increases. It does not allow the layer of the endometrium to be rejected, but, on the contrary, strengthens it for additional protection of the unborn child. Therefore, periods during pregnancy are absent.
Causes of bleeding in early pregnancy
In the early stages of discharge from the vagina with blood admixture may be similar to menstruation. A pregnant woman may have the idea that it is most likely monthly during pregnancy. However, these secretions are called bleeding. Such a phenomenon occurs quite often and can not be called safe.
Discharge with blood during pregnancy due to the following reasons:
- threatened miscarriage
- missed abortion,
- ectopic pregnancy.
With the threat of miscarriage, a woman has a dark scanty discharge. They are accompanied, as a rule, pulling pain in the lower abdomen. This phenomenon may occur due to immune disorders in the female body, due to which the embryo is perceived as a foreign body. The mother's body tries to get rid of it.
Freezing pregnancy may not manifest itself for a long time. But a minor dark discharge, a softening of the mammary glands and a sharp pain in the stomach can reveal the problem. This phenomenon occurs due to congenital abnormalities in the development of the embryo, increased uterus tone or genetic pathologies.
When ectopic pregnancy also occurs pain, localized at the site of implantation of the ovum. The pain intensifies with a change in body position and physical activity. At the same time there is a small dark bleeding. Strong and prolonged discharge with an admixture of blood may indicate the most favorable outcome of ectopic pregnancy - spontaneous exfoliation of the ovum.
Ectopic and frozen pregnancies require urgent surgical intervention.
Any of the above is very dangerous for women's health. If the condition of the pregnant woman deteriorates, you should immediately seek medical help. In addition to severe pain, a woman may notice a rise in body temperature, headaches and dizziness, nausea and vomiting, weakness, and an increase in heart rate.
When monthly during pregnancy are not dangerous?
As a rule, any bleeding in early pregnancy is a pathology, but there are still cases where you do not need to beat the alarm. Sometimes at a short period of pregnancy can go monthly in the early stages for the following reasons that do not pose a threat to mother and baby:
- implantation of the ovum,
- feature of the structure of the uterus,
- fertilization just before menstruation,
- hormonal disorders,
- the release of two eggs in one cycle, one of which was fertilized,
- increased blood flow to the pelvic organs.,
- endometriosis and benign tumors of the endometrium and myometrium.
Sometimes a small bleeding occurs at the time of implantation of the ovum. But it is a scant bloody discharge that a woman can take as a period during pregnancy. They are caused by damage to the uterus vessels when the embryo is attached. But most often this moment is not accompanied by the release of blood, so most women do not notice it.
При двурогой матке плодное яйцо имплантируется в одну ее часть, а вторая некоторое время продолжает менструировать. In a two-horned uterus, the ovum is implanted in one part of it, and the second continues to menstruate for a while. This is exactly the option when the conception occurred and at the same time can go monthly during pregnancy. Of course, these periods during pregnancy are not the norm, but in practice a very small number of women are found with a similar pathology.
Doctors do not exclude the possibility of becoming pregnant even during menstruation. In fact, this is also before the onset of menstruation, when late ovulation occurs. In this case, menstruation will begin as planned. A fertilized egg is implanted in the uterine wall in rare cases for two weeks. In this case, the hormonal background does not have time to be reconstructed, and the planned menstruation begins.
Because of this, sometimes a woman simply incorrectly determines the duration of pregnancy. For example, if unprotected sexual intercourse was in the past cycle, a planned menstruation took place, there was no more intimacy, and after a while the woman finds out that she is pregnant. She thinks that her period was after pregnancy. But in fact, the beginning of pregnancy is not the moment of conception, but the time of implantation of the ovum. In this case, a logical explanation of the past menstruation is visible - late ovulation, when fertilization occurred in a cycle with an unprotected act, but the egg has not yet been implanted in the uterus.
Disruption of hormonal levels may be due to a lack of progesterone or an excess of androgens in the female body. In this case, long brown secretions may appear that do not pose a danger. The problem is solved by taking hormonal drugs. A woman for several months may not know what is waiting for a child. Such a phenomenon is dangerous because it leads a habitual way of life: it takes medications incompatible with pregnancy, is under stress, heavy loads, does not get rid of bad habits.
It also happens that in both ovaries at the same time matures on the egg. Only one of them is fertilized, and the second comes out of the body along with menstruation.
During pregnancy, blood flow to the pelvic organs increases, so a woman can observe minor bleeding after intercourse or examination by a gynecologist. This happens because of damage to the uterine lining and, as a rule, does not pose any threat to the child.
During pregnancy, diseases such as endometriosis, myoma, cyst, fibromyoma, or polyp can also provoke a discharge that is similar to menstruation during pregnancy.
How to distinguish spotting from the usual monthly
On the physiological side, the rejection of the uterine lining, in which the fertilized egg is implanted, threatens the life of the embryo during pregnancy. Therefore, doctors any bleeding in nature during pregnancy is called bleeding.
Many bleedings do not carry a threat to the life of the mother and the future baby, but it is important for the woman to listen to her feelings. If menstruation at an early period is due to a hormonal shift, while the expectant mother feels well and has no pain, then nothing bad will likely happen.
With particular attention should be paid to heavy bleeding, too dark color or watery discharge. Especially if these phenomena are accompanied by acute pain. It is these symptoms that indicate a threatened miscarriage, an ectopic pregnancy, or an inflammatory process.
When a woman does not yet know about her interesting position, the following phenomena should alert her:
- change in the duration of menstruation,
- unusually scanty or, conversely, copious periods,
- no signs of premenstrual syndrome, swelling of the mammary glands does not pass after the end of menstruation,
- mid-cycle blood excretion.
If these phenomena are accompanied by acute pain and poor health, then you should not postpone the visit to a doctor. If you suspect a pregnancy, you must do a test or a blood test for hCG. Pregnancy is diagnosed on the smallest terms and with the help of ultrasound.
What are dangerous monthly during pregnancy
- If any kind of bleeding occurs during pregnancy, the woman needs to soberly assess the situation. As a rule, bleeding, commensurate in duration and intensity with menstruation, causes the loss of a child. Refer to these adverse events and bleeding, accompanied by severe cramping pain.
- Spotting scanty character, which are sometimes regular, as a rule, do not threaten the life of the unborn child, but in any case, the woman needs a gynecologist's consultation. There are, of course, isolated cases where a woman’s menstruation occurs throughout the entire period, and pregnancy ends with the birth of a healthy baby.
- Such phenomena are exceptions to the rules. There is a similar due to the preservation of the body every month hormonal background, prior to the onset of pregnancy. Moreover, this condition is critical for carrying a baby.
- In the earliest gestational period, single menstruation is acceptable for the previously mentioned reasons. But even so, a woman should appreciate her state of health and nature of discharge. If you feel worse, you should seek emergency medical care. Acute pain and bright red discharge of an intense nature are the reason for immediate hospitalization. With the threat of miscarriage, women are prescribed hormonal drugs, treatment of diseases and long-term therapy to preserve the fetus.
If the pregnancy test and the level of hCG in the blood already show pregnancy, bleeding of any nature should be considered as a deviation and become a reason for seeking medical help.
What is important to know about monthly during pregnancy
The expectant mother should know the following important points related to bleeding during pregnancy:
- In the earliest stages of an interesting situation, a woman often faces bleeding, which is the norm, but usually differs from menstruation. If the discharge with an admixture of blood has appeared for a period of more than 12 weeks, you should immediately consult a doctor.
- Bleeding during pregnancy, comparable to menstruation during pregnancy, is usually a pathology that threatens the life of the mother and baby.
- With the smallest amount of blood, it is best to consult with a gynecologist and find out its cause.
- Abundant and prolonged bleeding, especially with the presence of abdominal pain, usually speaks of spontaneous abortion.
- Prolonged menstrual bleeding due to the woman’s well-being and normal fetal development are rarely associated with the future mother’s body’s reluctance to change the hormonal regime.
- After taking birth control pills, the female body needs time to adjust to the natural hormones. During this period, even with the onset of pregnancy, there may be a false menstruation occurring on time, corresponding to the beginning of menstruation.
A pregnant woman should regularly visit her doctor, take all tests and listen carefully to her body. An optimistic attitude will benefit both the expectant mother and the baby.
Dangerous "monthly" in early pregnancy
Unfortunately, in the overwhelming majority of cases of bleeding in early pregnancy, which women mistakenly consider as menstrual periods, they signal the detachment of the ovum or the onset of spontaneous abortion.
With mild and moderate degree of detachment of the ovum (up to 40%), nagging pains in the lower abdomen and brown vaginal discharge from dried blood appear. This is a real threat of miscarriage, but in case of emergency treatment to the doctor, pregnancy can be saved with the help of medicines and bed rest.
Severe abdominal cramps and bright red bleeding are signs of severe detachment of the ovum and incipient samoabort. In this case, you need to urgently call an ambulance. Save the pregnancy is no longer possible, it is about maintaining the health and reproductive functions of women.
Spotting of a different nature (from brown to lush scarlet) and increasing pain in the lower back, lower abdomen occur at ectopic of pregnancy. If it is detected in the early stages, the problem is solved by a low-impact laparoscopic surgery, after which almost invisible scarring from punctures remains on the stomach. With the late diagnosis of this pathology, depending on the place of attachment of the ovum, it is possible that the fallopian tube, ovary, cervix, intestine can rupture. In this case, the risk of death of a pregnant woman is very high due to severe internal bleeding.
Monthly-like discharge occurs and at frozen of pregnancy, which can lead to the development of endometritis or even sepsis (deadly blood poisoning).
Causes of bleeding in pregnant women can also be erosion or polyps of the cervix, infectious and inflammatory diseases of the genital area. Allocations are smearing and appear as a result of trauma to mucous membranes during sex, gynecological examination, heavy physical exertion.
Erosion does not give a woman physical discomfort and does not affect either the development of the fetus or the process of childbirth. Therefore, if the test for cervical dysplasia is negative, its treatment is usually postponed for the postpartum period. If dysplasia is present, a check is made for the human papillomavirus and a colposcopy is carried out in order to study in detail the condition of the mucous membranes, after which the doctor decides on further actions.
As for infectious and inflammatory diseases, almost all of them have a negative impact on the development of the fetus, therefore, require mandatory treatment.
A special case is bleeding due to genetic abnormalities in the development of the embryo. This is the process of natural selection: the maternal organism rejects the non-viable fetus, often after its death. So what about the preservation of pregnancy in this case we are not talking.
Is it possible to distinguish between menstruation and bleeding on early pregnancy?
Monthly in the first month of pregnancy is difficult to distinguish from bleeding caused by other causes. If you are worried about your health and want to take out the child, in case of any deviations from the norm (changes in color and / or volume of discharge, stronger or unusual pains), do not rely on your feelings, but seek immediate medical attention. During a gynecological examination, he will establish a preliminary diagnosis, and to clarify it, he will prescribe a painless and safe transvaginal ultrasound scan, a blood or urine test for “pregnancy hormone” - hCG, and other necessary examinations. This will identify the causes of bloody discharge and take the necessary measures to solve the problems.
How to reduce the risk of bleeding during pregnancy
The best way to prevent dangerous bleeding is to prepare thoroughly for pregnancy. In order to minimize the risks of their occurrence, a woman in her planning should:
check with a gynecologist and in case of detection of diseases of the genital sphere to be treated until complete recovery,
avoid nervous stress - it improves hormones, which is very important for the normal development of the embryo,
give up smoking - tobacco smoke contains nicotine and tar that interfere with the conception of a child, and if it does occur, worsen the attachment of the ovum to the uterine wall, causing problems with the preservation of pregnancy,
spend more time outdoors, do physical exercises daily - the stronger the body of the future mother, the higher the chances of conceiving and carrying a healthy baby, natural childbirth without complications.
If the pregnancy was unexpected, you need to register as early as possible in the antenatal clinic, do not skip the scheduled examinations and strictly follow all the recommendations of the obstetrician-gynecologist.
What to do if a pregnant woman has bleeding
With the appearance of bloody vaginal discharge, you need to remain calm - the stronger the negative emotions, the more actively the uterus contracts. As a result, blood loss increases, the risk of miscarriage increases sharply. To avoid such serious consequences, a woman should immediately go to bed and call an ambulance, even if the hospital is very close to home.
If you had unusually heavy periods, especially with clots, be sure to consult a doctor: it is possible that there was an incomplete miscarriage and need cleaning.
In the event of a threatened abortion, in no case should one refuse to be hospitalized - it is almost impossible to maintain strict bed rest at home. But even a simple cleaning or cooking scrambled eggs for breakfast can end in tears.
Especially careful and attentive to their well-being in early pregnancy should be women who have already had miscarriages. It is necessary to consult a doctor if you experience the slightest pain in the lower back and lower abdomen, regardless of whether the bleeding begins. Similarly, pregnant women with rhesus conflict should do the same.
Anatomy and physiology of the female body
Nature prepares the girl to be a mother even during fetal development. Many eggs are laid in the ovaries, and after puberty every month one of them sets off on a journey - to meet with the sperm. In the case of fertilization, the ovum descends through the fallopian tube to the uterus, where it is implanted, this moment is considered the beginning of pregnancy.
If this does not happen, the egg cell is destroyed and the inner lining of the uterus is separated. All this is displayed with blood, menstruation begins. May be such an option as pregnancy during menstruation. Implantation was successful, but part of the endometrium still exfoliates, causing bleeding.
Ability to conceive on critical days
Contrary to the popular belief that pregnancy during menstruation is impossible, there are many living examples that prove the opposite. The complexity of the female body and the instability of the hormonal background also complements the vitality of sperm. They can keep activity and ability to fertilize up to 8 days, as you understand, during this time the menstruation will have time to end and a new egg can come out.
In modern life, stress, unhealthy diet, various diseases and many other factors contribute to the failure of the hormonal background and disruption of the cycle, which means that it is almost impossible to accurately determine when ovulation occurs.
Safe days - can you trust this method
Often we receive important information from unreliable sources. So girls tell each other that on critical days (as well as the last before them) they are reliably protected from conception by nature itself. This is fundamentally wrong. Pregnancy the day before menstruation is as possible as during them.
Only the first day, when menstrual flow is especially abundant, is relatively safe. But often the woman’s well-being does not contribute to sexual intercourse on this day.
It is more reliable to constantly use suitable contraception than to rely on chance.
Do menstruation and conception of the child exclude each other?
Theoretically, these concepts are incompatible, but in practice pregnancy during menstruation is possible, and bleeding (in rare cases) can accompany a woman throughout the entire period of the child's bearing. You can divide all cases into two categories:
- The woman is aware of her interesting situation, and suddenly the bleeding begins.
- The future mother does not suspect that she is not alone, her menstruation goes regularly, on time, without suggesting such thoughts.
If the first case requires urgent intervention by the doctor, then the second is more difficult. They give rise to the numerous questions of expectant mothers - is there any monthly during pregnancy? This phenomenon occurs, but occurs infrequently, usually in the first trimester. Only an examination of your gynecologist will help to eliminate the reason for anxiety, so do not neglect the consultation.
If a woman is closely watching her cycle, she will certainly notice the difference between normal menstruation and secretions during pregnancy. They differ in a number of signs: duration, profusion, color, smell.
Normal monthly or bleeding
From the point of view of physiology, habitual menstruation is incompatible with pregnancy. Because if there is rejection of the inner lining of the uterus into which the embryo is implanted, then there is a threat to its life. Therefore, gynecologists call any selection during pregnancy more correctly - bleeding.
Why does the spotting start right on time, according to the usual cycle? It's all about hormones: somewhere, the pituitary gland has failed and, due to the old memory, starts the usual process. Из-за этого некоторые женщины не могут распознать беременность, болит живот, как месячные начинаются, все ощущения при ПМС и беременности могут также совпадать (слабость, сонливость, тошнота, набухание груди), но тест или осмотр врача все поставит на свои места.
Что означают такие месячные
Зачастую кровотечения во время беременности не несут угрозу жизни матери и ребенка. Но ориентироваться женщине нужно в первую очередь на свое самочувствие. Lack of pain, vigor and good appetite say that both of you are doing fine, and a small hormonal shift is not a problem at all.
However, be very careful, heavy bleeding, too dark or watery discharge, especially if they are accompanied by acute pain - this is a reason to immediately call an ambulance. Such symptoms may indicate a threat of miscarriage, serious inflammatory processes or an ectopic pregnancy.
The causes of menstruation in this difficult period
Is there any monthly during pregnancy, or they are not - it does not mean that your baby can not be born full-term and healthy. What can cause?
- The very first thing that can be assumed is an error in the calculations. That is, the last critical days are included in the period of pregnancy, although it occurred immediately after them.
- Implant bleeding is the moment of direct attachment of the embryo to the wall of the uterus. Usually only a few drops of blood are allocated, which are mistaken for the start of critical days.
- The first periods during pregnancy may occur due to the fact that the egg was fertilized at the very end of the cycle, and by the time it was implanted in the uterus, the menstruation process was started automatically.
- Rarely happens another scenario. Of the two mature eggs, only one was fertilized, nevertheless, according to the laws of physiology, both of them return to the uterus, where one is implanted and the other is destroyed, causing menstrual bleeding.
- Mechanical damage to the cervix during intercourse.
- Serious hormonal failure, reduced estrogen levels.
The pace of modern life, constant stress, hormonal drugs make any of these reasons possible. Therefore, only the gynecologist can find the only one.
Monthly in the first months after conception
Typically, this problem concerns the first trimester, when the body has not had time to properly respond to pregnancy. The menstruation began, but the embryo continues to develop in the uterus, and by the next month the hormonal balance will level out, which will not allow the repetition of the error.
Frequently, a cycle failure occurs, for example, menstruation began earlier. Pregnancy at the same time goes on, although mother still does not suspect about it. If the bleeding continues at a later date, then the doctor must select a program for the correction of hormonal levels.
Do menstruation during pregnancy is a threat to the fetus
As noted earlier, bleeding during this period is not out of the ordinary. Mom needs only a sober assessment of the situation. Thus, discharge, by force and duration comparable to monthly, in almost 100% of cases means the loss of a child. The same can be said about bleeding with severe, cramping pains.
Scanty discharge, even appearing with enviable regularity, does not pose a threat to the life of the fetus, but still causes a visit to the gynecologist. There are unique cases when menstruation goes on throughout the entire period, and ends with the birth of a healthy child, but this is the exception rather than the rule. Why it happens? The body, according to the old memory, creates hormones every month that is critical for carrying a child.
Monthly at early pregnancy - a phenomenon quite frequent, which does not harm either the mother or the child.
What to do if you are in a position and your period has begun?
Assess the nature of the discharge and your well-being. If they are insignificant and you feel great, you can ask about the reasons during the next consultation. At the slightest change for the worse, call an ambulance, do not risk without special needs. Let better doctors evaluate your condition.
Sharp pain, bright scarlet abundant discharge - all this indicates immediate hospitalization. Usually prescribed hormonal drugs, treatment of existing infections and long-term therapy.
Important date, last menstruation before pregnancy
The doctor will ask this question first when registering. With this date, obstetricians calculate the date of birth of the child and the release of the mother on maternity leave. If the monthly continue during pregnancy, it will be installed on the results of the survey.
Gestational age for the last month is considered from the first day of the last menstruation. It is easy to do, it is enough to know this date and the duration of the pregnancy, namely 280 days or 40 weeks. Count off from her 40 weeks and get the date of birth of the baby.
It is even easier to consider, using the formula of Negel, add to the date of the first day of the last menstruation 9 months and 7 days, subtract 3 months and add 7.
What to do if the pregnancy has already come, and critical days continue? It will help determine the duration of the ultrasound, and with greater accuracy than the calculation of the last month. In addition, waiting for the first stir, you can confirm the date of birth of the baby. You just need to add to this day 20 weeks.
Let's sum up
A woman can become pregnant on any day of the cycle, the complexity of the reproductive system and its close connection with hormones do not allow reliably calculate safe days. In the early stages of pregnancy, bleeding is often observed, which is different from normal menstruation, which can be considered the norm. But when it appears in the later periods (more than 12 weeks), it is necessary to consult a doctor.
If bleeding is comparable to menstrual bleeding, it cannot be considered acceptable during pregnancy - this is a myth. It threatens the lives of women and children. Even the smallest bleeding requires proper study, search for its causes. Abundant and prolonged discharge (as during normal menstruation) speak of abortion.
If, against the background of your baby’s development and general well-being, regular spotting (monthly) continues, then your body absolutely does not want to say goodbye to its hormonal regimen. At the same time, you are among the unique women, and here, no matter how hard the doctors say that this does not happen, the main criterion is how you feel.
Regularly visit a gynecologist, take the necessary tests and listen to yourself. Good mood and optimistic mood will bring only benefit to you and your unborn child.