Climax is a physiological period in a woman’s life, characterized by a gradual extinction of the reproductive function. Can I get pregnant during menopause? How is pregnancy going to menopause?
Climacteric period and its features
The term "menopause" means several stages in the life of a woman:
- Premenopause (preclimacteric period) - the time when the function of the reproductive system is suppressed. Premenopause lasts from the onset of the first menopausal symptoms to the last menstrual period in a woman’s life.
- Menopause is the last independent menstruation.
- Perimenopause - combines premenopause, menopause itself and 1 year after the cessation of menstrual function.
- Postmenopause is the remaining time after the last menstruation.
For most women, menopause occurs between the ages of 45-55 years. The date of the last menstruation is established after the fact, 12 months after the complete absence of regular bleeding. It turns out that a woman never knows what kind of menstruation will be her last and can not talk about the onset of menopause before 1 year after this event.
Premenopause lasts for 1-3 years. During this period there is a gradual and regular extinction of the reproductive function of women. The production of sex hormones decreases, which inevitably affects the condition of the ladies of elegant age. Menses become scarce, short, irregular. The gap between bleeding can be up to 3-6 months.
In premenopause, there are clideric symptoms that indicate a decrease in the production of sex hormones:
- hot flashes
- excessive sweating
- blood pressure fluctuations
- psycho-emotional disorders (depression, apathy or irritability, irritability, aggression),
- decreased libido
- loss of attention and memory
- urogenital disorders (urinary incontinence, prolapse of the uterus, etc.),
- deterioration of the skin and hair,
- metabolic disorders (atherosclerosis, insulin resistance, arterial hypertension),
- decreased vision and hearing.
The severity of menopausal symptoms will depend on the individual characteristics of the woman’s body and changes in its hormonal levels.
Climax and conceiving a child
Is pregnancy possible during menopause? Yes, but only at certain stages of this period. Technically, the conception of a child may occur at any time before the cessation of menstrual function. While the body produces follicle-stimulating and other hormones, ovulation can occur - maturation and the release of an egg ready for fertilization. Intimacy at this point can lead to the conception of a child.
In practice, a woman never knows for sure whether the past menstruation was the last in her life. They say about menopause after the fact, after 12 months of absence of regular bleeding. Gynecologists recommend to prevent unwanted pregnancy until the exact date of the last menstrual period is set retrospectively. In postmenopausal pregnancy is impossible.
Pregnancy during menopause occurs very rarely. During this period, menstruation comes irregularly, with an interval of several months. The cycles become predominantly anovulatory. The ovum does not mature, and conception does not occur even during unprotected intercourse.
Important point: the ripened egg cell lives no more than a day, after which it dies. The onset of pregnancy is possible within 5-7 days before ovulation and 1 day after the maturation of the egg. Only 7-8 fertile days, which occur far not every month. The probability of conceiving a child in this situation is extremely low.
Climax and pregnancy
The theory of probability does not exclude the onset of pregnancy during menopause (before menopause, that is, until the last menstruation in life). For this, several points must coincide:
- ovulatory cycle
- intimacy during ovulation or 5-7 days before her,
- high viability of sperm.
If all these conditions are met, pregnancy may occur. That's just the successful conception of a child does not guarantee its survival. A large number of women in menopause, pregnancy ends in miscarriage for up to 4 obstetric weeks. A woman may never know that she was pregnant, and only unusually heavy menstruation will indicate a certain failure in the body.
The probability of abortion remains throughout its duration. After 40 years, the woman's body is almost unable to cope with the increased load. A decrease in the production of sex hormones very often leads to a spontaneous miscarriage for up to 12 weeks. Few women succeed in communicating pregnancy without hormonal support and the help of doctors.
After 12 weeks, the risk of miscarriage is reduced, but does not completely disappear. Pregnancy in menopause often ends prematurely. The older the woman, the higher the likelihood of preterm labor. The born children are characterized by poor health and require special care in the intensive care unit and intensive care.
Other complications of late pregnancy:
- placental insufficiency
- impaired blood flow in the mother-placenta-fetus system,
- fetal growth retardation
- fetal death of the fetus,
- congenital malformations of the fetus,
- pathology of amniotic fluid
- metabolic disorders.
Anomalies of fetal development is a serious problem of late pregnancy. In women over 35, the risk of having a child with a genetic pathology and various defects increases dramatically. Not all identified defects are compatible with life. The risk of congenital anomalies increases every year. With the onset of menopause, the probability of having a healthy baby is extremely low.
Another problem of pregnancy during menopause is delayed fetal development. In an elegant age, not all women can boast of excellent health. Chronic diseases of the mother inevitably affect the condition of the fetus. Atherosclerosis, hypertension, pathologies of the heart, liver and kidneys - all this worsens the course of pregnancy. The blood flow in the placenta is impaired, its premature ripening occurs, and the supply of nutrients and oxygen to the fetus is reduced. The baby grows poorly and adds little weight, which affects its health after birth.
Conducting pregnancy during menopause
If a woman decides to keep a late pregnancy, she should register with a gynecologist as soon as possible. The body of the future mother needs support from the earliest dates. In the first trimester, to preserve the desired pregnancy, hormonal preparations are prescribed - synthetic analogs of progesterone. While taking the drugs, it is possible to prolong the pregnancy up to 14-16 weeks. After 16 weeks, progesterone begins to be produced in the placenta, and its additional administration is no longer required.
The survey plan does not differ from the standard. All future mothers are advised to take blood and urine tests, be examined for infections, and in time to pass the prescribed screenings (ultrasound, Doppler). Particular attention is paid to screening for fetal genetic abnormalities. According to the testimony, amniocentesis (amniotic fluid sampling) and cordocentesis (umbilical cord blood examination) are performed to detect chromosomal mutations and other diseases.
Independent labor during menopause occurs rarely. In most cases, the pregnancy ends with a cesarean section. Chronic maternal diseases or an unsatisfactory condition of the fetus can be indications for surgery. Antenatal hospitalization is carried out for a period of 36-37 weeks and is mandatory for all women of elegant age.
Are pregnancy and menopause compatible?
Climax is called "women's autumn." Someone considers this period the beginning of old age and perceives very painfully. And someone prefers to think about menopause as the beginning of a new life.
No need to expect painful critical days every month, you can have sex without protection, without fear of unplanned pregnancy. But is it really? How safe is unprotected sex? Can I get pregnant with menopause?
The onset of pregnancy in menopause is fraught with consequences:
if a woman decides to interrupt her, then an infectious disease can develop or significant blood loss can occur,
if a woman decides to save the child, then she can be born with physical or mental disabilities, a significant burden falls on the maternal organism.
After forty years, a woman is very difficult to carry a child. All organs and systems are affected by late pregnancy. In addition, the internal potential is not the same. The child receives less necessary for the full development of substances. Therefore, there is a very high risk of having a baby with irreversible pathologies.
When the family already has adult children, a new pregnancy during menopause can be explained only by a neglect of contraception. Another scenario: the couple did not succeed in conceiving a child in the time allotted by nature.
So it is destined. In order to minimize the risk of possible complications, all nine months should be monitored by a gynecologist, use caution and with increased attention to their health, nutrition, and regimen.
This is better than not having an abortion. And then regret the rest of your life. And think about how to get pregnant after an abortion. There will be no second chance at this age.
- Can I get pregnant with menopause? Favorable and unfavorable periods
Every living thing in nature has its own particular developmental cycle, which is characterized by a period of flowering and subsequent extinction. If from this point of view we consider the female body, then the beginning stage of its decline is considered to be the onset of menopause, menopause. From this point on, the probability of pregnancy significantly decreases, however, despite this, the frequency of unwanted conceptions, on the contrary, increases. Let's try to figure out why this is happening, and also find out whether it is possible to get pregnant during menopause and have a healthy child.
Linking menopause with hormones
In humans, all reactions are interrelated and dependent on each other. The endocrine system is subject to a huge number of processes that take place in our body, including conception and gestation. Under the influence of progesterone and estrogen maturation of the egg occurs, after which the uterus prepares for the adoption and fixation of the ovum. At the same time, the changes necessary for successful feeding of the baby begin in the mammary glands. Over time, the reaction of the ovaries to hormonal effects worsens, as a result of which the egg can no longer regularly and fully mature. The first symptom, foreshadowing the onset of menopause in women, are irregular menstruation or their complete absence.
It should be noted that estrogens act as a kind of protection of the vascular system against atherosclerosis, therefore menopause has a bad effect on the general condition of a woman. As we know, the nutrition of our internal organs and tissues depends on the work of the veins and arteries, therefore, if their functioning is violated, the concepts of "menopause" and "pregnancy" become incompatible.
Delay in menopause
In principle, a possible delay can be explained not only by pregnancy. In most cases, this is a normal reaction of the body to changes in hormonal levels, which are associated with the upcoming menopause. If a woman takes care of herself, she does not stop using contraceptives even during menopause, since she does not have confidence that nature will not allow conception. Many ask the question: "Is it possible to get pregnant during menopause?" The answer is positive. Until a woman comes to the last stage of menopause, postmenopause, she is considered capable of fertilization. The impossibility of conception can only be confirmed by a doctor, after conducting all the necessary research and analysis.
For many middle-aged women, stressful situations often cause a delay. After all, every woman carries the manifestations of menopause in different ways. Some have hot flashes (heat), others become irritable, and still others generally become depressed, which also affects ovarian function and causes menstrual cycle failure.
Can I get pregnant after menopause?
Towards 50 years, a woman has a significant weakening of the ovarian function. This process is characterized by a slowdown in the production of the necessary hormones, as a result of which the maturation of the egg becomes impossible. However, the problem lies in the fact that for the full onset of menopause, time is needed, which can take a long time. During this entire period, it is possible to become pregnant, since the extinction of the activity of the female reproductive system occurs rather slowly. Especially often ovulation followed by conception is observed at an early stage of menopause, so women should be more vigilant and use contraceptives.
Not only can one become pregnant during menopause, it is also not always that the first signs of pregnancy appear on time. Against the background of irregular menstruation, a woman may not pay attention to fainting and frequent dizziness, and special tests for determining pregnancy during menopause, alas, are unreliable, since the hormonal background at this time is very unstable. There is a certain system that allows you to determine whether you can become pregnant during menopause.
Periods of Menopause
Let's consider the stages of the phenomenon under consideration and their main characteristics:
1. Premenopause - characterized by a decrease in ovarian function, but their work does not stop.
2. Perimenopause - accompanied by the gradual cessation of the functioning of the ovaries.
3. Postmenopause - differs by a complete lack of an egg cell. In this case, fertilization cannot occur.
Gynecologists say that pregnancy after menopause is possible, but not every woman is capable of such conception. There are cases when in the final extinction of the fertility function in vitro fertilization using a donor egg, which makes it possible to carry and produce a healthy baby.
The average age of menopause is 52 years, however, for each woman, menopause begins individually. To complete the hormonal adjustment takes about 10 years, although the extinction of the reproductive system should take only a couple of years after the complete cessation of menstruation. It is during this period that the woman loses her vigilance, with the result that the number of abortions increases. This suggests that many ladies have no idea whether you can get pregnant with menopause and whether you need to be protected. In order to prevent unwanted pregnancy, it is recommended to visit a gynecologist, who will help you choose the necessary hormonal pills that can also reduce the manifestations of menopause.
How to get pregnant during menopause?
For the bearing and safe birth of children, the best age is considered to be from 18 to 38 years. In modern society, unfortunately, many women deliberately abandon motherhood in favor of a successful career. Despite the fact that each couple has the right to independently decide when to become parents, one should still take into account such a phenomenon as early pathological menopause, the occurrence of which is already noted at the age of 35-37 years.
Pregnancy during menopause can be fraught with serious health problems for the future mother. Despite this, many women consciously take this step, since the process of carrying and the subsequent care of the child help to smooth the unpleasant course of menopause. Thus, some of the fair sex prolong their youth, since the hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy and breastfeeding have a positive effect on the body. However, later, the woman’s health condition may deteriorate, since the supply of essential trace elements and vitamins is no longer as large as before. As a result, problems with teeth, bones and kidneys can be observed. Remember that the fact of late pregnancy does not affect the timing of menopause, because this process is laid genetically.
What is artificial menopause?
Artificial menopause is called an emergency stop of the ovaries, caused by targeted medical intervention. What is it for? Cessation of the production of sex hormones in women is necessary for the effective treatment of uterine fibroids, endometriosis, malignant tumors and uterine bleeding. In addition, a temporary cessation of estrogen production is required for the treatment of some forms of infertility. Давайте разберемся, можно ли забеременеть после климакса, созданного медикаментозно.
Types of artificial menopause:
1) surgical menopause - achieved by complete removal of the ovaries, is an irreversible procedure, which is indicated for cancer pathologies of the mammary glands, uterus and ovaries,
2) radiological menopause - caused by x-ray irradiation of the ovaries, the function of which in most cases can be restored completely or partially,
3) drug menopause - occurs as a result of the introduction of special drugs, which are analogues of the hormones of the hypothalamus. This method is considered the most benign, because after the end of treatment, ovarian function can be fully restored.
Consequences of artificial menopause:
The symptoms of this phenomenon include:
- neurovegetative disorders,
- loss of appetite and sleep, general weakness,
- emotional instability, decreased libido,
- itching and vaginal dryness, painful intercourse,
- reduction of skin elasticity, thinning, as well as brittle nails and hair,
- urological disorders
- cardiovascular diseases
- osteoporosis, pain in joints and bones.
How fast can pregnancy come after artificial menopause? The menstrual cycle in women is restored in 1-2.5 months after the last injection. The long-awaited conception can already occur within six months after the cancellation of drugs. As a rule, such a pregnancy is not a cause for concern, since its favorable course is not threatened.
Pregnancy during menopause
Each organism has its own cycle of life: flowering, peak, extinction. All this is characteristic of people. And if we talk about a woman, then the beginning of her sunset is called the period of menopause (menopause). At this time, the probability of pregnancy is significantly reduced. But the frequency of unwanted conceptions is increasing. Let's try to learn more about the occurrence of pregnancy during menopause.
Hormones and climax
In our body, everything is interconnected. But the endocrine system is the "main manager" of processes, connections and conception as well. Under the action of two hormones - estrogen and progesterone - the eggs mature, the uterus prepares to attach the fetal egg to itself, the mammary glands are also rebuilt to feed the baby. Over the years, the ovaries respond more slowly to the action of hormones. And this, in turn, does not allow the eggs to mature completely and regularly.
For an adult woman, the first symptoms of menopause are manifested in the absence of menstruation or their irregularity. Today, the average age for menopause is 52 years. This is tentative, but for many women, menopause can occur much earlier or later than this age. By the way, gynecologists recommend women to ask when the menopause has come from their mother. Genetic predisposition to repeat the age of menopause will allow you to find out when there is a menopause.
Hormonal adjustment of the woman’s body is fully completed 10 years after the start of menopause. You should know that the childbearing function will fade away in a year or two after the cessation of menstruation. That is why the chances of getting pregnant at this time remain. Very often, women with the cessation of menstruation lose their vigilance, which leads to a large number of abortions. This, in turn, testifies to the lack of information in the matter.
During the year after the last menstruation (and sometimes within 5 years), you need to be protected from pregnancy. The problem of contraception during menopause is desirable to solve with a gynecologist. But women are very reluctant to visit doctors for consultations, especially if nothing bothers them.
Is it worth it?
The level of modern medicine allows women to bear and give birth to a child even during menopause. However, is this justified? Is it worth the risk and childbirth, if the pregnancy did come? Opinions of doctors in this matter are not unambiguous. From a psychological point of view, such a pregnancy can be justified if the couple have an only child died. Or, for example, infertility was treated for a very long time, and pregnancy occurred only during the period of menopause. In the decision to give birth at this age there is also a share of egoism. After all, the process of raising a child and becoming a personality lasts a long time. Parents can not even live to the majority of their son or daughter.
It is necessary to remember the risks of carrying and having a healthy child at a later age. No one guarantees a favorable outcome for a woman after 40 years old, not to mention an older age. It is also worth considering that every tenth child with Down syndrome is born at the age of the mother. Such a pregnancy can be dangerous for the woman herself. After all, in the climacteric period, not only do they make themselves known, but chronic diseases are exacerbated. They adversely affect the gestation of the fetus. Yes, and pregnancy itself has a negative effect on the woman's body: the work of the kidneys worsens, the metabolism is disturbed, and calcium is washed out of the teeth. May occur pelvic organ prolapse.
Births in women of menopausal age often occur with complications, often ending with bleeding and rupture of the birth canal.
Contraception in menopause
Termination of pregnancy during menopause is dangerous complications. After all, the cervix is already atrophic, the risk of inflammatory diseases, uterine bleeding increases. Therefore, to avoid unwanted pregnancy, it is imperative to protect yourself by taking hormonal drugs. They will also help relieve ailments and other manifestations of menopause.
What kind of drug to take? Optimally pick it up the doctor will help. Out of habit, you should not buy those contraceptives that a woman used before the onset of menopause.
You can also resort to barrier contraception.
Especially forberemennost.net Elena TOLOCHIK
Opportunities for menopause
Menopause is considered the period of transition from the so-called reproductive stage to the menopause itself, in other words, to the end of menstruation. As a rule, menopause begins at age 45, when the hormonal function of the ovaries gradually decreases, but there is also early menopause. This period lasts 5 years. This period is directly related to the violation of the menstrual cycle or other more unfavorable symptoms. And even though hormonal changes constantly occur, many of the symptoms are temporary. Many women are interested in pregnancy and menopause are mutually exclusive or not? There is no unequivocal answer to this question, since it all depends on the characteristics of the organism of a certain person. But still we can say that pregnancy with menopause is possible.
And although pregnancy with menopause can occur, you should still consider all the possible consequences associated with pregnancy at that age. These problems may be associated with other systems and organs that function in women at this time is not good enough. Also, often, children have chromosomal changes, and children are born with some genetically determined pathologies, for example, Down syndrome.
Pregnancy or menopause. Signs of
For women after 40 years is a rather alarming time. This period is a period of extinction of sexual function in women. Many cease to be protected, because they believe that in this age period, even in the absence of any signs of this state of the female body, pregnancy is almost impossible. But these women are deeply mistaken. The problem lies in the fact that the first sign of menopause and the first sign of pregnancy is the cessation of menstruation. What are the signs of these critical conditions for women?
There are a lot of primary symptoms of pregnancy, but, although, these symptoms are still conjectural. In addition to the general cessation of menstruation with menopause, the following symptoms are noted: nausea in the morning, intolerance to food or some odors. Also, usually pregnant women radically change their taste preferences, the mammary glands swell and become more sensitive, sometimes even colostrum is secreted. These symptoms can occur all at once or separately.
Pregnancy seriously affects the psyche. There is a strong irritability, tearfulness. A woman's mood can change at lightning speed — fun can be replaced by a sob. A pregnant woman gets tired pretty quickly, drowsiness appears. But, of course, only a qualified gynecologist can reliably confirm or deny a pregnancy.
How to recognize menopause? The age when such a “critical condition” occurs in women is still largely determined by heredity. If the older women in the family (grandmothers, mothers) menopause started quite early, then most likely the same thing will happen to the younger woman in the family. Various gynecological diseases, poor physical condition, stress can bring menopause closer. It has also been proven that for women with nicotine addiction, menopause occurs earlier by several years.
The first sign, as in pregnancy, is the absence of menstruation. Most women in crisis age report so-called “hot flashes,” an unpleasant condition in which they sweat and sweat increases. Often there are symptoms such as: sleep disturbance, mood swings, women are often tormented by depression. In addition, reduced sexual desire, sexual contact itself becomes unpleasant due to the dryness of the vagina.
It is easy to see that many of the initial symptoms of menopause and the symptoms of pregnancy in the early stages are similar. And if a woman notices any of them, then she needs to visit a doctor who can determine the menopause or pregnancy.
Pregnancy during menopause
Modern life is such that so many women decide to become mothers only by stepping over the 30 year old milestone, because before that they were all the time engaged in their own careers and providing the material base for the family. But the second child is now decided to give birth only after 40 years, and even then not every woman. Often there is a pregnancy during menopause, when a woman has no plans to give birth. Why does pregnancy during menopause occur?
The stock of eggs in the female body decreases with each passing year, and along with the reduction in the stock of eggs, their fertilization rate decreases, therefore, the older a woman is, the harder it is for her to become pregnant. The period when the egg loses its ability to fertilize is called menopause. This period originates at about 37 years, and after 40 accelerates. Despite this fact, many women still give birth during menopause.
Pregnancy during this period is usually due to the fact that women after 35 years of age significantly reduce the ability to conceive a baby and, knowing this, women often lose control of the situation and the result is an unexpected pregnancy during menopause. Not everyone knows that for a couple of years after the start of menopause, the woman still retains the ability to conceive.
Pregnancy test with menopause
With menopause, you can do a pregnancy test. If the test shows a negative result, then it still does not prove anything, because often during menopause, the test is done about a day after intercourse. A weak strip on the test can be a positive result, just in the urine the concentration of CGC is small. If the test showed a positive result, then it is best to check it by conducting your own test. In order to conduct this test, it is necessary to add a little soda to the urine and follow the reaction: if the soda hisses, then the test is negative, and if it precipitates, then the test showed a positive result.
From menopause to pregnancy or pregnancy after menopause
Many women are interested in the question: is pregnancy possible after menopause? The answer is yes, but, however, not everyone can get pregnant after menopause. Pregnancy after menopause is possible with the use of certain types of special treatment, for example, hormone therapy.
In general, pregnancy is a stress even for a young body, because there is a restructuring in the work of the liver, kidneys, hormones are disturbed. During climax, these rearrangements take place against the background of perestroika factors occurring in the female body. Very high risk of developing diabetes, high blood pressure. In addition, by the age of 40 to 45, most women have a whole complex of chronic diseases, and pregnancy can easily trigger an exacerbation.
If a woman does decide to give birth, then she needs to carefully monitor her own health. You certainly need to eat a large amount of vegetables and fruits, if there is no such possibility, then at least take special multivitamins for pregnant women. A prerequisite for being in perfect health is physical exertion, for example, walks in the fresh air. It is also necessary to regulate your diet - there are egg yolks, cottage cheese, etc.
Artificial menopause is the forced cessation of the production of estrogen by the female ovaries. What is it, and most importantly, why is such an unnatural, as it may seem at first, method of treatment necessary?
Today, artificial menopause is often used to treat infertility, uterine fibroids, endometriosis, malignant tumors of the pelvic organs, as well as uterine bleeding. The temporary cessation of the production of sex hormones allows the treatment of a variety of hormone-dependent diseases.
In order to induce artificial menopause, gonadotropin agonists, relieving the hormone, are used, which “turn off” the ovaries from the body for some time, thereby allowing the necessary therapeutic measures to be taken. After the drugs have been canceled, the reproductive function of the body must be fully restored.
During the entire course of treatment, which, as a rule, lasts about six months, a woman may experience signs of physiological menopause.
Pregnancy after artificial menopause
Many diseases that use artificial menopause tactics prevent pregnancy. These are diseases such as: fibroids, endometriosis, tumor formation. But, fortunately, with the help of artificial menopause, it is possible to treat these pathologies. Moreover, the reproductive function of the female body is restored within a few months after completing a course of artificial menopause, and a woman can become pregnant without any fear for her own health, as well as the health of the future baby.
In order to control the recovery of the body and hormonal background, you will need to conduct several laboratory tests, as well as several visits to the gynecologist. Planning a pregnancy should be only after consulting a specialist.
What changes occur in the female body during menopause
For the onset of pregnancy, it is necessary for the egg cell to mature and fertilize. Maturation occurs in the first phase of the menstrual cycle, when there is a fairly high level of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and estrogen.
After ovulation (exit from the follicle), the fertilized egg must fall into the uterus and attach to its wall. After that, the level of FSH and estrogen decreases, the level of progesterone increases. This prevents the rejection of the embryo and the formation of new follicles. If the pregnancy does not occur, the woman appears monthly.
Climax begins around 40-45 years. There are the following stages of climacteric changes:
During the premenopausal period, hormone production is disturbed due to the onset of aging. The menstrual cycle becomes irregular, the duration of menstruation and the intensity of discharge vary considerably. Premenopause can last several years, until the monthly disappear completely.
Addition: Premenopause is easily confused with amenorrhea. Amenorrhea - the absence of menstruation for several months, associated with any disease. In some cases, it occurs as a result of starvation (diet) or severe stress. Often, amenorrhea is treatable, after which it becomes possible to become pregnant.
Menopause is a period of 12 months from the time of the last month. Postmenopause is the final stage of menopause associated with the final restructuring of the physiological state of the female body, aging.
At what stage of menopause can pregnancy occur
The question whether it is possible to get pregnant with menopause does not worry many women. During the premenopausal period, pregnancy is not uncommon. The maturation of the eggs occurs, although in almost 50% of cases ovulation is absent (the mature egg does not come out of the follicle). At the same time, cycles without ovulation alternate with normal ovulatory cycles.
Often women stop protecting themselves, if menstruation does not come for 2-3 months. The absence of menstruation at this age, as a rule, does not cause concern. This increases the risk of unwanted pregnancy. Иногда ее наступление в период пременопаузы можно заметить не сразу, так как признаки беременности и симптомы климакса похожи (отсутствие месячных, тошнота, слабость).
Contraceptive use is terminated no earlier than 1 year after the onset of the last menstrual period. The absence of menstruation for 12 months indicates a complete cessation of the production of eggs. In this case, getting pregnant is no longer possible. Any bleeding occurring in the postmenopausal period is no longer menstruation, are pathological.
Climax can begin even in 30 years. As a result of premature menopause, infertility occurs. The timing of menopause depends on many factors, including:
- living conditions
- health status,
- individual anatomical and physiological features of the body.
The same factors influence whether a particular woman can get pregnant during menopause.
A woman can suddenly become pregnant during menopause if she neglects contraception or uses inappropriate contraceptives. Due to a lack of understanding of the physiological characteristics of the menopause process, many decide that pregnancy during menopause is impossible.
Note: If pregnancy is unwanted, the doctor will advise how to terminate it. At the same time, he is obliged to warn the woman that this may be her last chance to give birth to a child. This is especially important to do if she is childless.
A woman should know that after an abortion at this age, the risk of infection of the internal and external genital organs increases significantly, as the body's resistance is lower than in youth. As a result, final sterility may occur. If it is decided to keep the pregnancy, then it will be necessary to undergo a full examination, to make sure that the condition of the body will allow you to have a healthy baby.
If the onset of pregnancy is undesirable, then you need to be protected for 1 year from the time of the last menstruation. Hormones are prescribed as contraceptives, which will simultaneously help to alleviate the physiological manifestations of menopause.
If symptoms such as an irregular onset of menstruation, alternating short-lasting discharge with heavy bleeding, as well as if there are signs of a general deterioration of health, the woman should consult a gynecologist and be examined. If, as a result, the beginning of menopause is confirmed, the doctor will advise which means to use in order not to become pregnant. It is usually recommended to use oral contraceptives or to install the intrauterine device.
Regular visits to the doctor will minimize the possibility of getting pregnant with menopause. You can also quickly detect the disease, the symptoms of which are similar to those that occur during menopause.
Contraindications to the preservation of late pregnancy
The persistence of late pregnancy is undesirable if the woman has a strong avitaminosis and anemia. The absorption of nutrients from food after 40 years is significantly weakened. As a result, in the body there is a shortage of iron and other mineral components, as well as vitamins. This can lead to deviations in the development of the unborn child, is dangerous to the health of the woman.
Late pregnancy is interrupted if a woman has hypertension, there are serious diseases of the cardiovascular system, kidneys, liver, organs of the endocrine system, and infectious diseases. Contraindication is the presence of anatomical pathologies in the uterus.
In some cases, for example, when it is necessary to cure herpes of the genital tract, hormonal drugs cause a woman to have an artificial menopause in order to exclude the possibility of becoming pregnant for 2-6 months.
Menopause and pregnancy: how to distinguish two states?
The absence of menstruation for several months, many perceive as the onset of menopause. But not only this is a characteristic symptom of the onset of menopause. This includes a number of conditions, united under one name "climacteric syndrome":
- Since the cardiovascular system: sudden short-term hot flashes, excessive sweating, headaches, dizziness, facial flushing, a sharp increase in blood pressure.
- Psycho-emotional disorders: sharp mood swings, unmotivated feeling of anxiety, weakening of memory and attentiveness, stress, decrease or sharp increase in appetite.
- Endocrine system. Increases the likelihood of dysfunction of the adrenal glands, thyroid gland, a constant feeling of fatigue, weight gain, soreness of the joints, itching in the vaginal region, labia.
Additionally, there are changes in the urogenital system, which are expressed in decreased libido, vaginal dryness, pain during intercourse, frequent urination, the rapid emergence of wrinkles, dry skin, hair, brittle hair and nails.
Pregnancy during menopause is possible, it is necessary to distinguish its symptoms from signs of early menopause.
During pregnancy, very different manifestations are characteristic:
- morning toxemia (nausea, vomiting), reaction to sharp odors,
- changing tastes
- increased sensitivity of the mammary glands, their swelling,
- mood swings, tearfulness,
- fatigue, sleepiness during the day, insomnia.
It is worth noting that rapid tests will not be able to confirm the presence of the onset of pregnancy. This is due to the fact that they react to changes in hormonal levels. In premenopause, hormone production is unstable, so this diagnostic method is not informative. Only a doctor will be able to determine / disprove a pregnancy with the help of additional diagnostic methods. You can make an appointment with a specialist, get a competent free comprehensive consultation here http: //45plus.rf/registration/.
Danger of pregnancy during menopause
During menopause, the woman's body undergoes changes and stresses, which many people are experiencing quite hard. If pregnancy is added to this, then an even greater amount of trouble arises, which can be fraught with danger to life. The danger of pregnancy after 40-45 years is as follows:
- The risk of diabetes. This endocrine disease is dangerous in and of itself, and during gestation and childbirth it can lead to irreversible processes, severe pathological conditions.
- Arterial hypertension. A sharp increase in pressure is a risk of stroke or heart attack, especially during childbirth.
- Exacerbation of chronic diseases. By the age of 40 begins the manifestation of those diseases that were not previously paid attention to.
- During the development of the fetus there is an increase in the volume of substances, an increase in the load on the kidneys, skeleton, organs of the small pelvis. Under the action of natural changes in menopause, there are serious disorders in the work of these organs and systems.
- The risk of the development of genetic abnormalities of the fetus increases, the most common of which is Down's disease. Therefore, it is imperative that screenings be performed during pregnancy, after childbirth.
- Imperfect hormonal levels, deterioration of the reproductive system often causes miscarriages or ectopic pregnancies.
- Loss of vitamins and minerals causes insufficient elasticity of the birth canal, therefore ruptures are likely during childbirth. Weakening of the immune system leads to infectious lesions. High infant mortality is also observed.
For this reason, gynecologists do not recommend planning a late pregnancy during menopause. If this occurs, assessing the possible risks, the doctor will offer an artificial interruption.
Desirable childbirth and abortion
Can a woman get pregnant with menopause? Yes, this is possible, and not only theoretically. In medical practice, such cases are not uncommon. This is due to the fact that the couple stops using contraceptives if the menstruation disappears for 3-4 months. This is due to low awareness of changes in the body during menopause, its main stages.
If you decide to become pregnant after 40 years, be sure to consult with your doctor before the procedure, as well as systematically visit a specialist who can monitor the state of the mother and fetus.
If the pregnancy is planned, it is necessary to take great care with the health of the fetus and the mother. To do this, you must regularly visit the doctor, to fulfill all his appointments, prescriptions and recommendations. He will be able to determine the state of health of the woman, find out the probability of having a healthy child.
With unwanted fertilization, an abortion will be offered. It should be understood that it is also associated with certain risks: weakening of the immune system leads to the likelihood of the addition of infections on the internal and external genital organs, to complete infertility.
Medical contraindications for childbirth after 40 years
If pregnancy occurs after 50 years with menopause, as well as at an earlier age, doctors may insist on artificial interruption. This is associated with a risk to the life of the mother and unborn child, significant deviations in the state of health. For the typical causes of abortion for medical reasons are:
- Severe anemia, vitamin deficiency. With age, a woman's body absorbs less vitamins from food. If a woman did not take the appropriate age-related vitamin complexes, the lack of these substances can be significant. Given the fact that the fetus receives everything necessary for its growth and development from the mother’s body, the lack of essential minerals, acids, trace elements can lead to serious physical and psycho-emotional health disorders.
- The presence of chronic diseases, dysfunctions of organs and systems. So, if a woman has arterial hypertension, diseases of the liver, kidneys, the cardiovascular or endocrine system, pregnancy and childbirth for her life carry an enormous risk.
- Pathological conditions of the vagina, uterus of the fallopian tubes or ovaries. This increases the risk of bleeding, miscarriages, ectopic locations of zygotes.
Contraception methods for those over 40
Selection of contraception should be done only by the attending physician. If before the patient used the barrier-type products (spirals, caps), then after assessing their state of health they are left further. They are not prescribed in the event that there is dysfunction or omission of the pelvic organs.
Often the gynecologist prescribes oral medication. These drugs not only perform a preventive function, but also help to cope with the negative effects of menopause. They improve the patient's well-being, positively affect the bone and cardiovascular system. These drugs contain hormones necessary for women's health - estrogen (its synthesis by the ovaries decreases, which negatively affects the functioning of the whole body). Hormonal drugs also prevent the development of cancer of the uterus, mammary glands, ovaries.
Their selection is an individual task. Taking oral medications can cause vascular diseases or abnormalities in metabolic processes (with susceptibility). To reduce the likelihood of violations, prescribe drugs with microdoses. Oral contraceptives should not be prescribed to women who have a long smoker experience (with a daily rate of 15 or more cigarettes). This factor increases the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases at times.
The calendar method for determining ovulation loses its information content during this period. Violation of cycles occurs, often without maturation of the egg, so the basal temperature does not change.
In determining the method of contraception, it is impossible to do without consulting a specialist. To begin with, an assessment of the hormonal background is carried out in order to choose the right composition. It is imperative that an endocrinologist, a cardiologist, a therapist be involved in a comprehensive collection of information.
Changes in the body during menopause
With the advent of menopause, a woman begins a new period in life, for good reason this term comes from the Greek "climacter", which means "step". This is really a new stage for the female body - the withering of reproductive function.
During menopause, age-related changes begin to affect the pituitary and hypothalamus in the brain, which leads to a decrease in the level of sex hormones contributing to the production of estrogen in the ovaries. In women, overweight problems begin, the ovaries stop producing eggs, and without them, menstruations stop occurring. But do not think that menopause and pregnancy are interchangeable processes. Even in the absence of menstruation, there is still a chance for a woman to become pregnant, so you should not forget about contraception during menopause. There is a possibility that the menstrual cycle fails were not due to menopause, but for example, due to inflammatory processes or hormonal changes that are not associated with menopause.
In rare cases, fertility in women lasts up to the age of 50 and even longer, but if there are the following signs, you should think about the arrival of menopause and consult with your doctor:
- The face, neck and decollete area begin to burn. These are the so-called tides, which last 5-6 minutes and occur mostly in the evenings,
- excessive sweating
- dizziness with occasional fainting,
- constant fatigue
- decreased libido
- chills and shortness of breath,
- drowsiness gives way to anxiety
- sharp emotional fluctuations
- problems with urination (pain and frequent urge),
- body weight increases.
Some women in this period begin a new stage in their lives, and not only in terms of health, they increase physical and social activity, while others develop panic and depression, which can be dealt with only with medical help.
Possibility of pregnancy
Experts have been arguing for a long time about whether pregnancy is possible with menopause. In premenopause, when menstruation occurs from time to time, the probability of conception is significantly higher than in postmenopause, when menstruation does not occur at all. To understand whether you can get pregnant with menopause, you need to take into account all the features of each stage of the climacteric period:
- premenopause. The activity of the ovaries in the production of estrogens is significantly reduced compared with mature age. Sometimes this stage can occur earlier than 40, but often closer to 40-45 years. With unprotected sexual intercourse, conceiving during menopause is quite possible.
- perimenopause. The usual mode of operation of the ovaries is broken. Menstruation is absent for more than a year, so the probability of conception is reduced to zero,
- postmenopause. At this time, the probability of pregnancy with unprotected intercourse is 1%.
There are exceptions to any rule, so even with a 1% probability of conception, one should not exclude the possibility of its occurrence.
How is pregnancy and childbirth at different ages
Both during pregnancy and during menopause, global hormonal changes occur in the female body. Pregnancy may indeed occur in menopause, but it is often very difficult for a woman to detect it in the early stages, since the symptoms of conception are muffled by the physiological and psychological signs of menopause. The irregularity of menstruation, its delay, headaches and ineffective pregnancy tests are misleading for many women. During menopause, the first signs of pregnancy are not clearly expressed, which complicates the timely detection of this condition.
The onset of late pregnancy is dangerous for women for several reasons:
- there is a high probability of birth of mentally or physically disabled offspring,
- Abortion can cause complications or severe infectious diseases,
- disturbances may occur in the functioning of the urogenital and excretory systems,
- even though the female body will “squeeze out” from itself all the remnants of the substances necessary for the fetus, their number is not enough for the full development of the new organism,
- a woman’s bone tissue collapses faster
- after pregnancy, menopause continues anyway, which makes the female body more weakened.
Experts say that pregnancy with early menopause and in premenopause is quite possible, although it is risky for both the expectant mother and the baby. In recent years, the number of women wishing to conceive after 45 years has increased significantly, so doctors are developing various new techniques to reduce the risk of underdevelopment of the embryo in pregnant women of mature age. It is easier to carry out a period of gestation in women, for whom it is not the first in such a late period.
It is better when late pregnancy is planned, and it is preceded by the most complete diagnosis. Even in such cases, doctors warn the expectant mother about all possible complications and consequences of late pregnancy and childbirth, and strongly recommend that you think carefully before making a final decision about the need for conception. In late pregnancy, the problem is the following complications:
- после сорока женский организм подвержен развитию болезней опорно-двигательного аппарата, сердечно-сосудистой системы, а также могут возникнуть проблемы с давлением. Такие болезни могут сказаться как на здоровье мамы, так и на будущем ребенке,
- increases the likelihood of having a baby with Down syndrome (risk 3.3%) or with diabetes,
- according to statistics, almost half of women who become pregnant after 45, face spontaneous abortion in the early stages (up to 20 weeks),
- you need to think about the future of the baby, who needs a physically active mother who is able to take care of him for another 10-15 years.
After 50 years
After conception, a colossal hormonal alteration occurs in women in the body, which is difficult to tolerate even by those with reproductive abilities at the peak, and for the beautiful half of humanity at 50 years old - this is simply incredible stress. After menopause, all chronic diseases are activated, the likelihood of developing diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and problems with the locomotor system increases.
At the age of 55, muscles start to atrophy, so a woman cannot give birth on her own, specialists in such cases resort to a cesarean section. Also in 60 years there is a big rice rupture of the birth canal, and problems with blood clotting, which are definitely present in pregnant women at that age, can cause umbilical cord thrombosis or intrauterine growth retardation.
Pregnancy after menopause almost 100% of women leads to depression. Also an acute problem in adulthood is a lack of calcium, both for the mother and for the child, deterioration of the kidneys and the prolapse of the pelvic organs caused by age-related changes. Even though the probability of getting pregnant after menopause is, experts do not recommend this, for the benefit of the woman herself.
Indications for abortion
It is difficult, but quite possible, to get pregnant after menopause, but when deciding whether to continue carrying one should take into account not only the patient’s desire, but also medical indications. A specialist has the full right to recommend an abortion to a woman before the onset of 22 weeks in the presence of the following factors:
- if there is a threat to a woman’s life,
- if the fetus has serious developmental disabilities,
- a woman has a severe heart failure, acute hypertension, diabetes,
- either parent has inherited genetic diseases,
- deep violations of the excretory system and chronic inflammation of the kidneys,
- severely deformed bones of the pelvis,
- in the presence of Graves' disease, retinitis, optic neuritis and severe corneal pathologies,
- progressive dementia, oncology, prolonged problems with the respiratory system in a pregnant woman,
- avitaminosis and anemia,
- anatomical problems with the uterus.
How to distinguish menopause from pregnancy
Since in both cases a complete hormonal adjustment takes place, many women do not know how to recognize the cause of their condition. Dizziness, absence of menstruation and nausea are signs of pregnancy and menopause at the same time. Even a test done will not give a woman an unambiguous answer to the question of what happens to her - pregnancy or menopause, since the hormonal background in both cases is unstable. If you want to know the exact answer, you need to contact a gynecologist.
There are some distinctive features of menopause, so its occurrence can be determined by the presence of hot flashes, which are not characteristic of pregnancy. Menopause also has high blood pressure and severe headaches.
A desire to get pregnant during menopause arises in a small percentage of the fair sex, usually by the age of 45-50, women have already realized themselves as mothers, and because of their age, they understand that it takes a lot of strength and natural resources to bear and give birth, and especially to further nurture a baby . To understand how women relate to pregnancy during menopause, here are some reviews from thematic forums:
Olga Ivannikova, 49 years old.
I do not want to get pregnant in my old age, most recently suffered with headaches, a dry vagina and tides. I decided to play it safe from an unwanted conception, and at the same time get rid of the symptoms of menopause, so on the advice of a doctor I began to take the natural non-hormonal drug Lignirius
Elena Kravchuk, 55 years old.
At the age of 50, I had a climax. For 3 years I used contraception, and then I stopped, because my periods stopped completely, and I decided that it was useless to protect myself, but in vain. Last month I began to feel bad, came to the doctor and found out that I was pregnant. I had to go for an abortion. Now, contraception is not forgotten, it is better to be safe,
Alina Karlova, 43 years old.
Recently, I began to have interruptions in menstruation, I am afraid that this is the beginning of an early menopause, but I really want children. The doctor said that because of the low stock of follicles, I can only become pregnant through IVF with a donor egg. I am glad that you can still get pregnant.
What is climax?
Climax is a natural process for a healthy female body. It is characterized weakening of ovarian function. The number of viable eggs is significantly reduced. The level of hormones responsible for the regularity of the menstrual cycle is decreasing.
Typically, the extinction of the reproduction begins after 45-50 years. But there is also late or early menopause. The speed of its occurrence depends on heredity, lifestyle and the health of the woman. The intensity of its manifestation is different for everyone. This period has the following symptoms:
The process of ovarian extinction is divided into three stages: premenopause, menopause and postmenopause. At the first stage, the ovaries are active, but their activity gradually decreases. Monthly in this case still present. In the period of menopause hormone levels drop to zero, and menstruation disappears. Postmenopause is the period of complete cessation of ovarian function.
Every woman has a climacteric period individually. Some women experience this period painfully, others do not notice significant discomfort. Most pronounced sign of menopause - tides. They are characterized by an abrupt blood flush to the head, due to which the woman’s well-being deteriorates. The duration of the tide reaches a minute.
Can I get pregnant?
Late pregnancy - a fairly common phenomenon. In adulthood, women cease to think about protection, taking a violation of the cycle for the onset of menopause. The line between these concepts is very thin. Incorrectly considering the signals of the body, a woman risks becoming pregnant.
The probability of pregnancy with menopause is 50%. But we are talking about the early stage of the oppression of ovarian function. If the mechanism to reduce ovarian function is running, then over time the chances of successful conception are down.
Climax can last a long amount of time. Ovarian function is inhibited gradually. During this period, the menstrual cycle is chaotic. But the remaining eggs continue to mature. To predict fertile days almost impossible.
If a woman is not going to give birth, she should take care of contraception in advance, before menopause. Abortion, made in adulthood, can lead to unintended consequences.
After the onset of menopause, menstruation stops completely. Hormones, reproduction managersu, reduced to the minimum mark. Get pregnant after menopause is impossible. Despite this, some women claim to become pregnant during the postmenopausal period. This is possible only if menopause was installed in error.
Features of late pregnancy
Pregnancy coming in adulthooddifficult to install in a timely manner. Delays in menstruation do not cause a woman questions. Weight gain, nausea and headaches are also characteristic of a period of decline in reproductive function.
Late pregnancy has several features. She needs to be strictly monitored by medical professionals. For the occurrence of such pregnancy is typical:
- exacerbation of chronic diseases,
According to statistics, after 35 years increases the likelihood of multiple pregnancies. Irregularity of the menstrual cycle accompanied by multifollicularity. Oocytes rarely come out of the follicle, but in large quantities. This leads to the birth of twins or triplets.
Another reason for multiple pregnancies is fertilization with IVF. Some women purposefully postpone childbearing for a later period. Conception in this case is problematic. Within artificial inseminationTwins are born more often than naturally.
The process of carrying a child has a rejuvenating effect on the woman's body. But this does not apply to the condition of bones, teeth and nails. During this period, all chronic diseases are exacerbated, immunity decreases, suffers musculoskeletal system. Not every woman will be able to withstand such a load on the body. The probability of delivery by caesarean section in this case is 47%.
Late pregnancy requires vigilance on the part of specialists. A woman needs to follow all the recommendations of a gynecologist and control her state of health. It is undesirable to subject yourself to negative environmental exposure. With the right approach, the pregnancy will be successful.
Menopause and its phases
Women's health is regulated by the production of hormones. Each age period activates certain hormonal surges. So, a special peak of hormonal assault, when the body is in a state of stress, occurs during adolescence and climperic periods.
So different in their physiological qualities, these age intervals have much in common, namely:
- hormonal changes in the body,
- accompanying secondary symptoms (skin rash, fatigue, dizziness, etc.).
Only if at a young age hormonal outbursts prepare a girl for future motherhood, testify to growing up, entering the flourishing phase, then after 40 years these changes indicate the extinction of the production of some hormones important for health and youth - estrogen and progesterone. Their lack affects both reproductive function and the general condition of the body.
When menopause increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases and diseases of the pelvic organs, blood pressure rises, metabolism and thyroid gland. If you miss the beginning of hormonal changes and do not take any measures, the consequences can be very bad.
In addition, menopause is always accompanied by negative symptoms:
But timely treatment to the doctor and the appointment of competent therapy (usually hormonal) allows you to go through menopause much easier, because menopause is not a reason to lower your arms and stop enjoying life. You can be attractive, young, full of strength at any age, and you should not forget about it.
Medically, menopause is divided into three phases:
- premenopause. This is the initial phase, which does not yet indicate a complete cessation of the functioning of the reproductive system, but with its symptoms it forces a woman to begin preparatory work so that the coming menopause will not be a painful blow to the female organism that is sensitive to the smallest hormonal differences. The main symptom of the initial phase is a violation of the menstrual cycle. A short cycle and a smaller volume of discharge should already alert the woman and force them to consult a doctor for advice. At this point, it is necessary to undergo tests for hormones, ultrasound of the pelvic organs, and based on the test results, individual therapy is prescribed to regulate hormonal background. Timely action will also help prevent premature aging, which leads to the onset of menopause. Premenopause can last up to seven years and is a preparatory stage for future changes in the body,
- menopause. This period covers the moment after the cessation of menstruation and usually lasts up to 12 months. This time is the hardest for a woman, because the symptoms of menopause intensify,
- postmenopause. The final phase of menopause, expressed by the complete extinction of the functioning of the ovaries and the production of hormones that regulate reproductive function. A woman's body adapts to change, and her condition improves and becomes stable.
End of reproductive function or pregnancy
After 40 years, the cessation of menstruation in a woman causes doubt: what is it, the beginning of menopause or pregnancy? True, both menopause and pregnancy have one similar symptom - cessation of menstruation.
So how do you recognize them? There are some other symptoms by which these such different physiological phenomena can be determined.
Secondary signs of pregnancy:
- morning sickness
- weakness, fainting,
- intolerance to certain foods (often fish), nausea, vomiting,
- swelling of the mammary glands,
- mood swings.
Secondary symptoms of menopause:
- sharp fading of the skin
- high blood pressure,
- sharp weight gain.
The above symptoms make it possible to distinguish menopause and pregnancy, but still an exact picture of the processes occurring in a woman’s body can only be given full medical examination.
The probability of conception during menopause
Many women believe that with the termination of the cycle the question of contraception disappears completely, but it is not. Female physiology is very complex, and the process of extinction of reproductive activity lasts a long time, this process can even last more than a year since the end of menstruation.
As noted earlier, the largest percentage of the possibility that a pregnancy can occur, during menopause, is observed during the period of menopause, according to world statistics, 35%. During menopause (the second phase of menopause, without menstruation), it is also possible to get pregnant, but the percentage of probability is reduced, according to statistics, to 17%.
If pregnancy is desired, then it is worth remembering that after 40 years this issue should be taken more seriously than at the age of twenty or at thirty years old - a lack of hormones necessary for carrying a child, poor health and other factors can become problematic.
Therefore it is necessary constant medical supervision and prescribing hormone maintenance therapy to prevent negative effects on the mother and baby.
How to prepare for the birth of a child
The process of pregnancy is always severe stress for the female body, but this is especially true of the issue of age-related pregnancy. Of course, a woman can bear and give birth to a healthy baby after 40 years, and sometimes after 50 years, another question is how competently to approach this important matter.
So, what a woman should know when deciding on such a courageous step:
- if pregnancy is planned, it is necessary carefully prepare for it in advance, consult a doctor and make a consistent list of actions. On the basis of tests and ultrasound, the doctor will prescribe the correct supportive therapy and physical therapy, which will help support the health of the expectant mother at all stages of pregnancy,
- is necessary to refuse from bad habits (smoking, alcohol), which pose a risk to the health of the mother and baby,
- it is important to remember that a number of serious diseases exclude the possibility of age pregnancy. These are: diseases of the cardiovascular system, tumor-like diseases, inflammatory processes of the pelvic organs and some others,
- important review your diet, abandon high-calorie, fatty, spicy, fried foods in favor of steamed. Confectionery products are as good as possible replaced by fruits and dried fruits. It is necessary to consume large quantities of fiber, dairy products, and the most important condition for the future mother's nutrition is calcium saturation, because it is his lack in the body of a woman during menopause that negatively affects pregnancy.
Can a woman give birth after artificial menopause
At the time of artificial menopause conception is impossible, but after the end of the course of treatment and the cessation of artificial menopause, the reproductive function, exactly as the menstrual cycle is restored, and in this case, pregnancy (if the interruption of the cycle was not performed surgically) again becomes possible.
Artificial climax is divided into three types:
- medicamentous. Based on the introduction of drugs whose composition is similar to the composition of the hypothalamus, a hormone that controls and inhibits the activity of the ovaries. Restoration of reproductive function after cessation of the course of therapy is considered complete,
- radiological. It is used in the advanced stages of uterine fibroids and ovarian tumor diseases; it is an irradiation of the pelvic organs with X-rays. Recovery of the ovaries after a course of irradiation is usually partial,
- surgical. It consists in the removal of the ovaries. It is prescribed for serious pathologies of the uterus, mammary glands and ovaries. Reproductive function after surgery is not restored.
Raising the issue of pregnancy after menopause, a separation should be made between the natural onset of menopause and artificial menopause.
In the first case, getting pregnant is possible, but necessary serious medical monitoring of a woman’s health, the passage of hormonal therapy to compensate for the lack of hormones produced for the normal development of the fetus and the prevention of negative consequences for the health of a woman.
In the second case, pregnancy is possible only if no surgical intervention was performed.
It is important to know that artificial menopause has a number of side effects, namely:
- urological disorders
- failures in the neurovegetative system,
- risk of cardiovascular disease,
- deterioration of health - regular weakness, loss of appetite, insomnia, emotional instability,
- and other negative symptoms.
All these negative factors may adversely affect future pregnancies. Therefore, in order to decide on a pregnancy after artificial intervention, it is necessary to undergo a course of restorative treatment, hormone therapy, retake tests and ultrasound, and only after that, based on the results of the tests and with the consent of the doctor, can you plan the pregnancy.
There is the possibility of postmenopausal conception, but it is achieved only by artificial means - the introduction of a fertilized donor egg.
How does the childbearing function die out during menopause?
"Climax" in Greek means "step, staircase." After 45 years, every healthy woman is at the very beginning, at the first stage, of this process, called premenopause. At this time, the functional activity of the ovaries gradually decreases, under the influence of endocrine processes in their cavity, the number of follicles gradually decreases, which leads to irregular maturation of the egg, because favorable conditions are not created for this, as before. Gradually, ovulation occurs less and less, and as a result, the menstrual cycle becomes irregular. Sometimes menstruation is delayed for a week or two, and sometimes disappears altogether for several months. The situation is often complemented by unfavorable symptoms of menopause.
At this time, suddenly comes the understanding that these changes are irreversible, the woman relaxes, because the threat of an unwanted pregnancy goes away. However, all the processes inherent in nature, as a rule, proceed gradually, so it is more than rash to hope that pregnancy during menopause is completely excluded. To understand this rather scrupulous question, let's consider in stages the menopause process and compare the changes with the possibility of conception.
Is conception possible in the premenopausal period?
The first stage of menostasis is called premenopausal. This time is the starting point of future changes. It is characterized by the appearance of the first pathological symptoms triggered by an already running mechanism completing the reproductive mission of a woman. However, symptomatic manifestations are still minimal, and sometimes they are not at all, and the only symptom is a failure of the menstrual cycle. The best for the beginning of this period can be called the age of 45 years, although there are cases of an earlier entry into this life span.
Premenopause is the time when the question “Can I get pregnant during menopause?” Will receive an affirmative answer. And this is easily explained in terms of anatomy. Yes, the egg cell ceases to mature regularly, respectively, menstrual bleeding loses its systematicity, but the possibility of the ovulation process is not completely excluded, which means that there is a real chance of fertilization of the egg cell.
At this time, you must especially carefully monitor their condition. After all, the situation may be complicated by the fact that, against the background of irregular menstruation, one may overlook the onset of pregnancy, and take its signs for the development of a pathological syndrome. Hence the conclusion: in the period of premenopause there is a high probability of conception. Especially if reproductive activity was not previously aggravated by any diseases and disruptions in work. Read about how to distinguish pregnancy from menopause.
If you are not planning to have a baby, you should take care of reliable contraception. The question of how to properly protect themselves during menopause should be a matter of paramount importance. In such a situation, if there are no menstruations in due time, it is better to consult a gynecologist to dispel doubts, because during this stage, menopause can become pregnant. Popularity among women enjoys Mirena spiral with menopause, which not only prevents conception, but also regulates hormonal balance.
The probability of conception in menopause
The next stage is directly menopause. This period begins several years after the beginning of the first changes. As a rule, it comes in fifty years (with small deviations up or down). This time is characterized by more pronounced symptomatology, and more intensive processes occurring in the body at the level of physiology and psychosomatics.
Ovarian function continues to subside. In their cavity, fewer follicles mature, their place is taken by connective tissue. The structure and size of the pelvic organs are changing. The uterus reduces its size twice, the fallopian tubes are shortened, their permeability decreases, the endometrium will atrophy. Ovulation gradually ceases to occur completely. Accordingly, the monthly fully completed, and we can say that menopause has come.
However, in this situation it is too early to argue that there is no longer a need to care about protection. And the reasons are as follows: even if for a sufficiently long period of time there are no monthly discharges, it is premature to talk about the full onset of menostases. Only if the last menstruation was more than a year ago, can we talk about relative security in terms of unwanted conception.
To remove all doubts, you should take a blood test for hormones. If the concentration of follicle-stimulating hormone significantly exceeds the normal values, then the probability of conception can be almost completely excluded.
It can be said that conception during menopause is theoretically possible, but this probability is slightly lower than in the previous period of menopause.
To determine with almost one hundred percent guarantee the onset of menopause will help test for FSH.
Can I get pregnant in postmenopausal women?
The last phase of menostasis is postmenopause. It starts at about 55 years old, but this figure is rather arbitrary and depends on many factors. This time is characterized by a complete “shutdown” of the ovaries. Deep atrophic changes occur in the organs of the reproductive system, and the woman completely loses the chance to have a baby with the reserves of her own body.
The question “Is it possible to get pregnant after menopause?” In almost 100% of cases will receive a confident negative answer. If there is a minimal chance of conception in postmenopausal disease, it is rather a variant of the rarest exception, the possibility of which is negligible. The body simply has no more reserves for the implementation of this complex process. To confirm the complete completion of the reproductive function, a woman should periodically visit her physician and follow along with it the dynamics of occurring phenomena.
How to get pregnant during menopause?
As a rule, the question of whether pregnancy is possible during the period of menostases is asked in the context of the fact that its occurrence is already inappropriate and undesirable. However, there are other cases where, for a number of reasons, a woman decides to become a mother at a rather mature age. What to do in such cases?
As mentioned earlier, the probability of pregnancy during menopause exists, but the chances of its natural occurrence decrease every year. This is explained by the natural dynamics of internal changes taking place. The reproductive system goes step by step into the resting stage. Is it possible to reverse this process, forcing it to work again with all its might? In today's world there is less chance for the impossible. And if earlier such questions were provided for the Divine Providence to solve, today, quite often, these functions are assumed by a person in a white coat.
Pregnancy with menopause is most likely in the premenopausal period. If a woman decides to take such a responsible step, then she needs to consult a gynecologist for help in assessing the chances of a successful solution of the issue.
Most often, the natural onset of conception is already difficult, therefore, to maintain the body, preparatory and then supporting hormone therapy is used. Often it is necessary to resort to the help of in vitro fertilization.
Pregnancy after menopause can occur only with IVF. The absence of its own full-fledged eggs requires the involvement of donor oocytes. With the help of accompanying hormonal therapy, the implantation of a fertilized donor egg into the uterus of a potential mother is possible. However, the older the patient, the more pronounced the atrophic changes in her, the less chance of successful IVF during menopause.
Learn about the nature of the discharge after insemination in the article at the link.
Science has advanced so far ahead that today even the question of whether a woman can become pregnant after menopause receives an affirmative answer, with a slight reservation that this is possible only with the help of auxiliary medical technologies.
In human life, everything has its place and time allotted, therefore, the onset of menostasis should be treated accordingly, as the next life cycle. And you should not interfere with its course unless absolutely necessary. And to prevent surprises from your own body, you should take a responsible attitude to the choice of contraception.