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Breast sore after menstruation - the main causes of discomfort

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Painful sensations in the mammary glands in women usually occur periodically in connection with menstruation. The reason is the physiological changes in the tissues of the glands, occurring under the influence of sex hormones. If the pain after menstruation does not go away, the chest remains swollen, this may be due to the disease. It is necessary, first of all, to carefully examine the breast independently, and then report the pain and its attendant symptoms to the doctor. Mammography, ultrasound and other examination methods will help determine whether there is a disease, determine the method of treatment.

Content:

  • Causes of chest pain after menstruation
  • Chest pain due to hormonal disorders
    • Chest pain cyclic and non-cyclical
    • Chest pain after menstruation as a sign of disease
    • Diseases of other organs
  • When does chest pain after menstruation require urgent attention?


Causes of chest pain after menstruation

After the onset of menstruation, normal pain should disappear, not to disturb a woman up to several days preceding the onset of the next menstruation. The reasons that after menstruation hurts chest are:

  • hormonal failure due to an abnormal increase in estrogen levels or other disorders,
  • chest injuries
  • wearing tight linen squeezing the nerve endings located in the mammary glands.

Chest pain cyclic and non-cyclical

The work of the mammary gland is directly related to the preparation of the body to carry out the function of reproducing offspring. Hormonal changes occurring at different points in the menstrual cycle cause pain in the chest.

Pain before menstruation (cyclical). If chest pain (mastalgia) appears before menstruation (5-7 days), then this is a natural cyclical process associated with ovulation. At this stage, the body significantly increases the level of estrogen and progesterone, thereby increasing the growth of breast cells. This leads to an increase in their volume. The pressure on the nerve endings located in the chest, cause pain.

When menstruation begins, the level of these hormones sharply decreases, the pain passes. Sensitivity to pain in women is not the same, so everyone feels different. Someone mammary glands swell strongly sensations very painful. In other women, the breast swells slightly, almost does not hurt.

Pain after menstruation (non-cyclical, not associated with the menstrual cycle). There are situations in which the level of estrogen during menstruation does not fall, remains consistently high. As a result, chest pain after menstruation. This happens if after the previous ovulation (maturation of the egg) there was conception, but the next menstruation still appeared (this happens in about 15% of pregnant women). Sometimes this symptom is the only one that can be suspected pregnancy.

Important: You can not take medication to eliminate pain, if the diagnosis is not installed. When pregnancy drugs are contraindicated!

Chest pain after menstruation as a sign of disease

Mastopathy - Pathological growth of the glandular or connective tissue of the breast. The main cause of benign neoplasms of this kind are hormonal disorders. They can appear as a result of artificial interruption of pregnancy, refusal to breastfeed, diseases of the endocrine glands and liver, irregular sex life, stress.

Video: What is mastopathy, its causes and manifestations

Mastitis - inflammation of the breast tissue, resulting from the penetration into them of a bacterial infection. It is more common in women during lactation and breastfeeding. But it can occur without any connection with breastfeeding.

Malignant breast tumors. The tumor quickly grows and spreads to neighboring tissues, squeezing nerve cells. At the same time the iron hurts constantly. Tumor diseases are insidious because their obvious signs appear already in the later stages. Therefore, the appearance of pain, not associated with menstruation, requires particularly great attention and quick response, so that a woman has a chance for recovery.

Cysts in the adipose tissue of the breast. Occur due to a violation of fat metabolism in the body.

Diseases of other organs

Chest pain after menstruation can also cause:

  1. Climacteric pathologies associated with diseases of the ovaries, thyroid and other organs of the endocrine system. In the treatment of such diseases, hormonal preparations are used to correct the imbalance of hormones in the body.
  2. Diseases such as osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine, heart disease, shingles, inflammation of the axillary lymph nodes cause pain in the chest, radiating to the mammary glands.

When does chest pain after menstruation require urgent attention?

In some cases, pain that does not have a connection with the menstrual cycle should be a reason for urgent examination and examination by a doctor.

If there is a burning sensation in the chest, there is a feeling of squeezing or bursting, then the cause of the pain may be a benign and malignant tumor of the mammary gland. When the chest after menstruation hurts, special attention should be paid if such sensations disturb in one chest. Often there are other symptoms: a tightness in the chest, changes in the skin, discharge from the nipples, their asymmetrical location. Often the pain is localized at some point or a separate part of the breast.

The pain associated with such serious diseases as breast tumors, usually gradually increases, may increase in temperature, redness of the mammary glands. If it lasts for more than two weeks, the symptoms of the pathology intensify, insomnia and anxiety appear, then it is necessary to urgently visit a mammologist, take hormone tests, make mammography and ultrasound, start treatment.

Treatment requires the use of drugs to reduce estrogen levels, the use of antibiotics, vitamins or surgery.

Pregnancy as a cause of chest pain

Months passed, the breast remains enlarged, there is a heaviness, sensitivity of the mammary glands, does not cease to hurt. This situation is due to changes in hormonal levels, namely, due to an increase in estrogen levels. Changes in the breast occur immediately after conception, but the woman perceives this as signs of approaching menstruation, does not attach much importance. In general, when they went monthly, pregnancy is automatically refuted. That is how it should be. However, due to various circumstances, menstruation may begin. What you should pay attention to:

  • there is a delay of several days
  • the nature of menstruation has changed - the discharge is insignificant, the duration has decreased,
  • there are sensations that were not there before.

If menstruation has passed, as usual, the onset of pregnancy is unlikely. To confirm or deny, you should conduct a pregnancy test, go to the gynecologist. The situation of menstruation along with pregnancy is not quite standard. Discharges may indicate ectopic pregnancy or threatened miscarriage.

During pregnancy, the breast ceases to hurt about a month after conception, when the hormonal balance stabilizes.

Mastopathy, oncology

After pregnancy is excluded, mastopathy can be assumed. The second cause of discomfort in terms of prevalence. The chest hurts almost constantly, but after the menstrual periods have passed, the sensations increase. The chest remains enlarged, there are seals. The disease develops on the background of hormonal changes, characterized by the presence of seals glandular tissue in the breast. 60% of cases occur in women of childbearing age up to 45 years.

A terrible disease that shocks women is breast cancer. A large role is played by the hereditary factor, the presence of bad habits. Most cases of illness are associated with smoking in women from an early age.

To confirm the diagnosis, the woman will have to be examined by a gynecologist, a blood test for hormone levels, an ultrasound scan. Suspected pathology can be an independent study of the breast for seals. But to make an accurate diagnosis, prescribe a qualified treatment can a doctor. If you have been monthly, your chest hurts - you must go to a gynecologist. An oncological tumor detected at the initial stage of the disease is treatable.

The influence of external factors

If there is a significant influence of external factors, it is somewhat easier to establish why the chest hurts after menstruation.

Physical impact

  • transferred operations
  • chest injuries.

Usually the attending physician warns about this situation. If the chest does not cease to hurt for a long time or the pain increases, you should go to the specialists.

Medications, hormones

Chest can hurt on the background of medication. Before starting treatment, you need to read the instructions. Hormonal preparations significantly change the hormones in the woman’s body. On the background of taking birth control pills, the situation may be present for 3 months. Then the body adapts to the new conditions of existence, hormone levels stabilize. Chest may hurt due to withdrawal of tablets after prolonged use.

Disruption of the nervous system

If the periods have passed, the chest hurts - it is necessary to analyze the state of the nervous system. CNR coordinates the production of hormones. Stress, overwork, nervous tension, depression adversely affect the functions of the nervous system. As a result, the cycle fails, the painful feelings of premenstrual syndrome increase, which can be felt after the end of menstruation.

Infectious diseases

PPP infections, such as syphilis, cause painful manifestations in the chest. Inflammation of the breast, other pathological processes. The main symptoms manifest themselves in changes in vaginal discharge, general malaise, and unpleasant sensations in the genital area. Infection of the breast occurs a little later, in the absence of proper treatment. The whole menstrual cycle changes, the chest starts to hurt constantly. The painful sensations increase after the menstrual periods have passed.

The chest may be ill if there is a cyst, an imbalance of fatty acids in the tissues of the mammary glands. The cyst is removed surgically, by medication. You can restore the balance of acids by using primrose oil. However, it is extremely undesirable to conduct treatment without consulting a specialist, to a greater extent unreasonable.

Natural processes

In a certain period of time in the woman's body undergo dramatic hormonal changes. This is considered to be within the norm. Stops hurting chest after restoring balance. This period includes:

  • puberty,
  • recovery of the monthly cycle after childbirth, abortion,
  • menopause.

The situation should be monitored by experts, because chest pain for various reasons. Than self-guessing, it is better to visit the gynecologist.

Mammary glands during menstruation

Localization of the hormone estrogen - in adipose tissue, so an increase in its number leads to a significant increase in the volume of those organs that consist of adipose tissue. This also includes women's breasts. The glands become noticeably larger, so the blood flow is hampered. The result - puffiness, a feeling of heaviness, pain.

Chest pain before and during menstruation is the norm. But if the chest hurts after menstruation, it may indicate a disease. To avoid problems, regular self-examination of the chest is necessary, as well as timely access to a doctor.

Chest pain after menstruation or, as it is called - mastalgia, requires a mandatory examination - passing:

  • ultrasound examination
  • mammography.

Only this will allow the doctor to accurately diagnose the disease, find the right treatment.

Chest hurts after menstruation

Normally, swollen chest and pain after menstruation gradually disappear. In the period of the menstrual cycle from the monthly to the next monthly discomfort should not be.

The reasons why the breast glands after menstruation may be:

  • physical injuries
  • pregnancy,
  • hormonal dysfunction as a result of a pathological increase in estrogen,
  • everyday wearing a close bra, which squeezes the nerve endings,
  • diseases.

Hormonal disbalance

The causes of violations in the female body may be as follows:

  • diseases of the mammary glands or organs of the reproductive system,
  • conception,
  • the beginning of menopause
  • taking contraceptives or other hormonal drugs,
  • taking antidepressants
  • severe stress.

It is important to consider the nature of the pain - cyclical or non-cyclical:

  • Cyclic pain is directly related to the menstrual female cycle. Monthly hormonal changes in the female body affect the health and condition of the mammary glands. Changes in the level of estrogen and progesterone cause their increase and soreness.
  • Non-cyclic pain is not related to the woman’s cycle. If the chest hurts a week after menstruation, more often it is not associated with the menstrual cycle, you need to find out the causes of mastalgia.

Breast Diseases

Another reason for which increased and filled chest after menstruation - the disease:

  • Mastopathy. This pathology begins with a hormonal imbalance. Symptoms - pain and tightness in the chest, feeling of heaviness. Discomfort is manifested regardless of the cycle - before menstruation, during or after it.
  • Mastitis. Characterized by the development of the inflammatory process in the breast tissue. Developed as a result of the defeat of the glands bacterial infection. Often develops in lactating women, but may not be associated with lactation.
  • Cysts. New growths in the mammary glands, which appear as a result of a violation of the metabolism of fats in the body.
  • Malignant tumors. Characterized by constant pain and rapid growth. Danger - in the appearance of overt symptoms in the late stages. Therefore, if the chest is swollen and sore, and it has nothing to do with menstruation, you should consult a doctor as soon as possible.

If you have problems of this nature, you should contact a breast specialist. It is this specialist who is engaged in the diagnosis and treatment of the mammary glands in women.

Gynecological diseases

If the chest hurts after menstruation, it may be associated with diseases of the reproductive organs. It often hurts lower abdomen.

Discomfort is possible when a woman has the following inflammatory diseases of the genital organs:

  • endometritis,
  • endometriosis,
  • adnexitis,
  • vulvitis
  • inflammation of the fallopian tubes or ovaries.

Gynecological diseases often cause hormonal imbalance, which ultimately affects the general well-being of women, the state of the mammary glands and leads to symptoms of mastalgia.

What to do?

If the symptoms are worrying, the woman should make a visit to the breast specialist. The doctor will examine and diagnose.

Assignable diagnostic methods:

Based on the data obtained, the doctor will make a diagnosis and prescribe a treatment aimed at eliminating the cause of the pain. This may be anti-inflammatory drugs, hormone therapy, or surgery in the presence of tumors.

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When will menstruation begin during breastfeeding? Details here.

Mammologist's recommendations

To reduce the discomfort or prevent its occurrence will help follow these recommendations:

  • Proper selection of underwear. The bra should be sewn of good fabrics and with high quality, be comfortable and hold the bust well, without squeezing it.
  • Regular sex life.
  • Getting rid of bad habits.
  • Day regimen and proper nutrition.
  • Correct selection of hormonal contraception (the gynecologist should select the tools based on the results of the tests).

With regard to proper nutrition, it is recommended:

  • eliminate fatty, smoked, spicy, salty foods from the diet,
  • include in the daily diet fresh vegetables and fruits,
  • before menstruations reduce the consumption of chocolate and coffee.

The causes of pain and discomfort in the chest are many. Independently, a woman can only determine or eliminate pregnancy. If she is confident in the absence of conception, it is necessary to urgently visit the mammologist.

On the video about mastopathy

Article author:Terentyeva Olga, mammologist, oncologist

Medical indications

During the period of menstruation a woman may experience the following pains:

  • cyclic,
  • non-cyclic,
  • chest pain.

Грудь развивается у девушек в возрасте 11-14 лет. Из-за изменения уровня эстрогена в плазме крови наблюдается рост стромальных и паренхиматозных тканей, из которых формируются молочные железы. В 21 год грудь полностью сформирована. In 90% of girls, the mammary glands do not have a symmetrical shape.

The right gland is smaller than the left. During pregnancy, childbirth and lactation, various changes occur in the breast (the influence of female hormones). If the chest hurts to menstruation slightly, then the female body is normal. If chest pains disappeared before the cycle (they used to be regular), then a full examination of the patient is carried out. This phenomenon indicates the development of the pathological process.

Before ovulation, the breast becomes more sensitive. This increases the number of epithelium. The mammary glands swell (increasing their sensitivity and density). If the woman is healthy, then such symptoms are mild. In women of reproductive age (during the period of the menstrual cycle), the breast increases due to the proliferation of glandular tissue. If the periods and pains have passed, then the doctor’s help will not be required.

More often, these feelings bother women 1-2 weeks before the onset of menstruation. If this period lasts more than 2-3 months, then you will need to make an appointment with a doctor. Cyclic breast pain is associated with changes in the amount of estrogen and progesterone in the female body. This phenomenon is permanent and is observed in women aged 30-40 years.

Patients have the following symptoms:

  • defeat of 2 mammary glands,
  • heaviness and irritability in the chest.

This feeling goes away 7 days before the start of the month. Non-cyclic pains are non-periodic in nature, and they occur in women under the age of 40 years. Constant stinging chest pain may appear before or one week after the cycle. Mammologists distinguish the following reasons why non-cyclic breast pains appeared after menstruation:

  • disrupted thyroid activity,
  • mastopathy is diagnosed in women aged 30–50 years, with severe chest pain after menstruation, fluid discharge from the breast appears,
  • stress and nervousness
  • mechanical injuries
  • the effect of ultraviolet rays (when visiting a tanning bed, the chest is covered with a cloth or smeared with a special cream),
  • uncomfortable underwear,
  • malignant seals
  • overweight,
  • bad habits.

Symptoms of the disease

If the chest is swollen and pain occurs during menstruation, then estrogen production has increased. This hormone indicates a possible pregnancy. Doctors identify the following main causes of chest pain after menstruation:

  • pregnancy,
  • mastopathy,
  • hormonal disbalance,
  • mechanical damage,
  • tumor.

During pregnancy, 15% of women can go monthly. At the same time, expectant mothers have chest pains, breast size increases, hormonal changes. The hormone responsible for pregnancy increases the number of blood vessels, stimulating the formation of additional blood volume. Estrogen is responsible for the outflow of excess fluid, which helps to stop the active swelling and swelling of the breast (after 1-2 weeks).

Progesterone during pregnancy stimulates the growth of ducts, causing pain and breast augmentation. This forms placental hormone. Another cause of pain in the mammary glands is mastopathy. This disease develops on the background of hormonal imbalance. Pain syndrome can manifest itself in the beginning, middle or after the cycle.

If hormones are normal, then the chest pain disappears after the onset of menstruation.

Otherwise the hormonal background is disturbed. This phenomenon is caused by the following factors:

  • contraceptive use
  • tumor,
  • the age of the patient
  • infection,
  • parasitic invasions,
  • heredity.

The chest after menstruation often hurts because of a bruise, its excessive squeezing, blow. In case of severe injury, the syndrome may occur for a long period of time (months or years).

The phenomenon under consideration may be triggered by an oncological tumor. Often such a diagnosis is made to women living in industrial regions. The prognosis of the disease depends on the stage of the malignant tumor. If necessary, the doctor partially excised the mammary gland. Pre-anesthesiologist selects anesthesia. Surgical treatment of a malignant tumor is carried out using the following methods:

  • lumpectomy (installation of drainage to prevent fluid accumulation),
  • quadrantectomy (the surgeon excises a quarter of the breast),
  • mastectomy (gland, muscle and lymph node carving of the 3rd level).

The consequences of this treatment include metastasis of cancer cells. In this case, re-surgical intervention is not effective.

If the chest hurts after menstruation due to impaired heart activity, then it is recommended to make an appointment with a cardiologist. Such a syndrome can occur at any age. The following symptoms are observed:

  • changes in blood pressure and pulse,
  • intense exhale-inhale
  • heart palpitations.

Doctor's recommendations

If the chest after menstruation is constant, then it is recommended to keep a diary. It is necessary to note the moments of occurrence of pain. The physician must determine the location and intensity of the symptom. If the periods have ended, but the discharge from the chest continues to go, then a patient survey and palpation of the mammary glands are conducted.

The doctor should analyze the status of the axillary nodes. If hard formations are detected, ultrasound and mammography are prescribed. If the doctor has identified a cyst or other tumor, then surgery is performed. If necessary, prescribe chemotherapy.

If your chest hurts, it is recommended:

  • give up alcohol and smoking
  • avoid stress and hypothermia
  • take a warm bath
  • full and proper nutrition (you can not eat fatty and spicy foods),
  • wearing comfortable linen (from natural fabric).

You can get rid of minor chest pain with painkillers (Danazol, Ibuprofen, Naproxen). These drugs are recommended to be taken after consulting a doctor.

To prevent pain, you must observe the following recommendations:

  • refusal of caffeine,
  • lead a rich sex life
  • can't be nervous
  • it is recommended to undergo a monthly examination, the doctor should feel the breast and the armpit area, if there are seals and nodules, the help of a breast specialist will be needed,
  • it is necessary to use oral contraceptives prescribed by a doctor,
  • It is recommended to wear underwear in size so that it does not press against the chest.

Prevention of chest pain after menstruation is in constant consultation with the breast specialist.

The main causes of chest pain after menstruation

Pain in the mammary glands can be of a different nature - sharp, burning, pressing. This leads to the accumulation in the tissues of the mammary glands of a large amount of fluid. Breastfeeding, painful chest after critical days is the result of several reasons:

  • pregnancy
  • hormonal disruption in the body,
  • tumor processes
  • mastopathy.

Is your chest full and swollen before your monthly period or does it appear during ovulation? This condition is understandable and is associated with a hormonal surge in the body of a woman. However, if the swollen breasts remain on the 5th, 6th, 7th day of the menstrual cycle, then the woman should seek the advice of a specialist to clarify the possible cause and undergo a detailed examination.

Most often both breasts swell. Less often women complain that only one of the mammary glands swells: right or left. In this case, you should suspect the disease: cysts, tumor formation, mastitis, abscesses. All this requires professional medical care.

Chest pain combined with lower abdominal pain: what does it say?

If a woman complains of pain in her chest, and at the same time she has lower abdominal pain, first of all you need to think about gynecological diseases. These include:

  • Adnexitis, in which the uterine appendages are inflamed,
  • Vulvitis, vulvovaginitis may be complicated by inflammation of the cervix and vagina with the formation of superficial ulcers,
  • Cervicitis is an inflammatory process of the mucous membrane of the cervix caused by viruses.
  • Endometriosis,
  • Ovarian cysts, which, growing, disrupt the blood flow and affect the nerve endings, stimulating them, which causes pain in the lower abdomen and a feeling of constriction.

The lower abdomen can hurt not only with gynecological diseases, but also with a specific infectious disease - tuberculosis. Most prone to defeat tuberculosis fallopian tubes and ovaries. Manifested by diverse clinical symptoms:

  • the menstrual cycle goes astray
  • Stomach aches and pulls back, especially after menstruation,
  • general malaise,
  • increased fatigue
  • pronounced perspiration at night,
  • the woman notes that she lost weight in a short amount of time.

How much can you endure the pain and when to contact a specialist?

If a woman is worried about severe pain in the lower abdomen, after her period has ended, you should immediately consult a doctor, especially if the pain is accompanied by the following symptoms:

  • A woman notices that after the end of menstruation, she has spotting that has an unpleasant smell,
  • A woman has a temperature for several days, and it is practically impossible to bring the temperature down to normal values.

If the above symptoms are present, then you should consult a doctor as soon as possible to undergo an examination and receive treatment recommendations.

Why there is a discharge from the chest after menstruation?

Discharge from the mammary glands can appear as in the normal course of cyclic processes in the female body, and in the event of pathology.

It is believed that any liquid discharge from the nipples is permissible only if the woman is pregnant. In all other cases, it is necessary to understand the root cause of such discharge for the purpose of early diagnosis of serious diseases.

In addition to pregnancy and lactation, the secretory activity of the mammary glands is activated in two situations:

  • Before the onset of “critical days”, when pressing on the nipple, a few drops of a light-colored fluid are acceptable, and a burning sensation in the chest may appear,
  • When a woman experiences strong sexual arousal during the stimulation of the areola area, discharge from the nipples may appear.

Why does the doctor ask what color the discharge?

Discharge from the mammary glands in principle is not the norm, if it is not milk during lactation. The doctor at the reception is obliged to ask clarifying questions about what color, nature and consistency of the pathological discharge from the nipples, as this is part of the differential diagnostic search.

If pressing on the nipple appears thick in consistency, sticky brown discharge or greenish discharge, then the most likely cause of this condition is ectasia of the milky ducts, which occurs in women in the menopausal period.

If the female breast began to secrete fluid from light to dark shades of brown, this should suggest an intraductal papilloma, which requires timely diagnosis and treatment.

If you find scanty purulent discharge from the nipples with an unpleasant odor, which arise against the background of breastfeeding, you should suspect mastitis. At the same time, only one breast will be disturbed, local tenderness may be noted in it, and the skin above the center of the inflammatory process “burns”.

IMPORTANT! If any discharge from the mammary glands appears, consult a specialist to identify the cause of their appearance and appropriate treatment!

What to do if after menstruation chest hurts?

The first thing a woman should do, who are concerned about pain in the chest, is to go to a gynecologist. You should not take any painkillers uncontrollably and constantly, as they can only smooth out the clinical picture and eliminate the symptoms, but will not affect the elimination of the root cause.

During pregnancy, self-administration of any medication without a doctor's recommendation is contraindicated!

Breast Pain Prevention Tips

In order to prevent chest pain after the end of "critical days", several rules should be observed:

  • Stop smoking and drinking alcohol in favor of your health,
  • Avoid physical and mental stress and learn to protect your nervous system,
  • Do not expose your body to high and low temperatures: hypothermia and overheating have an adverse effect on the female body,
  • Underwear should be comfortable and free, it should not squeeze the breast, otherwise it can lead to poor circulation and lymphatic drainage in the mammary glands and, consequently, to stagnation in the milky ducts,
  • Abandon physical activity, workouts, fitness during critical days,
  • It is necessary to adhere to proper nutrition: introduce meat, dairy and fish dishes into your diet,
  • Observe the regime of work and rest,
  • Visit a gynecologist at least once every 6 months for preventive purposes.

How to conduct an independent examination of the mammary glands?

Every woman is extremely important to conduct self-examination of the breast after menstruation, for about 7-11 days. This will help to identify fibrocystic mastopathy at the initial stage of development, cysts of the mammary glands, as well as to detect tumor formations in the breast in the early stages.

The breast self-examination algorithm is as follows:

  1. Stand near the mirror and inspect the chest: you should look at the shape of the breast, the skin color of the nipples, hands during the inspection should be lowered.
  2. Raise both hands behind the head and inspect the chest while in this position. To determine whether there is a change in the shape or size of one of the mammary glands, pay attention to the skin color.
  3. The right hand must be thrown back over the head. Then, with slow, smooth, massage circular motions, palpate the right mammary gland, paying special attention to seals, swelling and thickening. The same steps should be repeated with the left breast.
  4. With the thumb and forefinger of one hand, gently push the nipple at its base and see if there is any discharge from the nipple. Similar actions to do as with the left and with the right mammary glands.
  5. Take a supine position. It is necessary to palpate the breast, starting at the edges of the mammary gland towards the nipples, in circular movements, slightly pressing.
  6. Light circular movements should probe the left and right armpits, paying attention to the presence of enlarged lymph nodes. If any, you should consult with a specialist.

The nature of chest pain after menstruation

But after menstruation, there should be no normal pain. Its appearance signals that something is wrong in the body. There are many types of pain in the female breast, and each of them can talk about different things.

There are many types of pain in the female breast, and each of them can talk about different things.

Cyclic

Manifested on certain days of the menstrual cycle (5-7 days before the arrival of menstruation), associated with natural processes occurring in the woman's body: an increase in estrogen levels, an increase in adipose tissue.

With the onset of menstruation, it usually passes. This happens every month, that is, every cycle, hence the name. Usually painful sensations are aching in nature and are felt in both glands.

Acute pain

Acute pain usually occurs before menstruation and may be a variant of the norm. Or it happens in trauma when a cyst breaks in the gland. In this case, ultrasound is recommended. With mastitis, pain is always acute, it is accompanied by high body temperature and general weakness.

With mastitis, pain is always acute, it is accompanied by high body temperature and general weakness.

Other manifestations of pain are also possible:

  • Stinging pain can be aggravated by touching the mammary glands, as well as back pain.
  • Stitching pain is characterized by paroxysmal and localization in one part of the mammary gland.
  • Aching - constant, with different intensity. She may become familiar, because of this, women often delay the treatment to the doctor.

Causes of chest pain after menstruation

Chest pains at the end of the monthly cycle can be divided into four categories:

  • Acute pain. The chest continues to hurt badly after menstruation, which indicates the possible development of cancer.
  • Burning pain. At the end of the menstrual cycle, the chest hurts even when it is calm. Pain increases with touch and gives to the neck and back.
  • Stabbing pain. The reasons may be different. In this case, it is easy to determine the location of the pain.
  • It's a dull pain. A dangerous kind of pain that can indicate a serious illness.

The main causes of chest pain after menstruation :

  • unstable sex life
  • pregnancy,
  • mastopathy, characterized by compaction of internal tissues,
  • effects of mechanical damage or surgery,
  • side effect of taking contraceptives and antidepressants,
  • oncology.

Болезненное состояние молочных желез по окончании месячных может быть связано с заболеваниями других органов:

  • заболевания яичников,
  • нарушения в эндокринной системе,
  • остеохондрозы,
  • заболевания сердца и сосудов,
  • lymph node inflammation,
  • shingles.

Women suffering from these diseases may experience hormonal changes in the body, accompanied by chest pains at the end of the cycle.

There are reasons not related to serious problems:

  • hypothermia
  • depression,
  • poor nutrition,
  • uncomfortable underwear, squeezing chest.

If the breasts start to bother one week after the end of the cycle. then there are the following possible reasons:

  • Stressful situations. Violations of the heart, blood vessels and nervous system affect hormonal changes in the woman's body.
  • Infectious diseases mammary glands.
  • Pregnancy. When the uterus is fertilized, the mammary glands continue to ache after menstruation. In some cases, chest pain is observed after a week after the end of menstruation.

If at the end of the female cycle the pain in the chest does not stop for a long time, it is better to contact a gynecologist or a breast doctor.

In addition to pain in the mammary glands, sometimes they are observed. swellingmastalgia. which greatly disturbs the beautiful half of humanity. Consider the possible causes:

1. Pregnancy. In 15% of cases with fertilization of the uterus, the first periods still come. Increased content estrogen in the blood of a pregnant woman leads to compaction of breast tissue.

2. Hormonal disorders against the background of the following reasons:

  • the onset of menopause,
  • irregular intimate relationships
  • sexually transmitted diseases,
  • hormonal drugs,
  • heredity,
  • side effect of taking other medicines,
  • development of oncological diseases.

Hormonal changes in the body can lead to a painful condition and swelling of the mammary glands after the end of the menstrual cycle.

Young girls up to 18 years of age have chest pains after menstruation due to their growth and development. Therefore, there is no need to worry too much.

If a mastalgia after menstruation occurs on the background of lower abdominal pain, this is the first bell about the development of gynecological and other diseases:

  • Adnexitis. Inflammation of the uterus - fallopian tubes and ovaries.
  • Vulvitis. Dangerous disease of the external female genital organs, complicated by inflammation of the vagina and cervix with the formation of ulcers on the surface.
  • Endometriosis. Violation of the inner layer of the uterus, when the cells begin to grow beyond this layer, which can provoke the development of uterine fibroids.
  • Pneumonia.
  • Osteocondritis of the spine.
  • Diseases of the genitourinary system.

Structural changes in the chest may also be a prerequisite for its swelling and pain after menstruation. The main reasons for this condition:

  • the effects of the operation
  • injuries and mechanical damage
  • cyst formation.

When the sun is scorching breasts need to cover with a cloth. Ultraviolet rays are dangerous to the health of the mammary glands!

In addition to swelling, chest pains can occur with nausea and vomiting. First you need to check for pregnancy - buy a test. Such symptoms may indicate fertilization of the uterus, resulting in toxicosis.

In some women, the uterus is arranged with deviations from the norm, which is associated with the individual characteristics of the body or heredity. During the menstrual cycle, the uterus enlarges and begins to more strongly affect the centers of the nervous system. When menstruation ends, when the female organs return to normal, nausea or vomiting may occur.

Against the background of such indicators in the body, the following disorders are observed:

  • headache and migraine,
  • excessive irritability,
  • sweating
  • changes in emotional state.

Pain associated with nausea can occur cyclically every month. Therefore, they do not need to endure. Be sure to contact your doctor for help.

If the monthly passes are not as abundant as usual, and at the end of the cycle the breast continues to hurt, this indicates the occurrence of pregnancy. As we have said, in some cases, menstruation come, despite the fertilization of the uterus.

Allocations during this period scanty - the uterus begins to prepare for motherhood. Feel free to buy a pregnancy test. The reason, most likely, is precisely this.

In older women, reduced cyclical secretions are usually associated with the onset of menopause. In addition to chest pains with scanty menstruation, women may experience nausea, weakness, and profuse sweating.

There are cases when against the background of chest pains at the end of menstruation, the discharge does not stop until the end - it "smears" a long period of time. A woman feels constant discomfort. The unpleasant smell of discharge begins to disturb.

Such symptoms indicate a possible development of cancer. But do not immediately panic.

The possible causes of bleeding at the end of the menstrual cycle can be hormonal changes while taking contraceptives and the development of certain diseases:

  • the consequences of mechanical damage to the genital organs (for example, after curettage of the uterus),
  • polyps
  • uterine fibroids,
  • endometriosis or endometritis.

Pregnancy is also not excluded. The initial period after fertilization may be accompanied by painful swelling of the mammary glands, accompanied by unpleasant secretions after menstruation to two weeks.

What to do if chest hurts after menstruation

The first step is to visit a gynecologist and get advice. You may have to undergo an examination: pass tests and undergo an ultrasound of the female organs.

As a preventive measure, to get rid of breast pain after menstruation, you need to follow some rules:

  • Get rid of bad habits.
  • Take care of the nervous system - try to worry less.
  • Do not overcool or overheat.
  • Go to proper nutrition. Dairy, meat, fish and vegetable dishes are considered useful for women's health.
  • Wear comfortable free underwear.
  • During menstruation, give up sports activities.
  • Do not lift weights.
  • Take vitamins to maintain immunity.
  • If possible, settle the sex life.
  • Do not tolerate severe pain in the chest and abdomen. Consult your doctor for the appointment of painkillers.
  • In the evenings, you can take a warm bath with a solution of sea salt.
  • Visit the gynecologist every six months for a routine examination.

In some cases, chest pain after menstruation requires an immediate visit to the doctor

There are a number of indicators according to which a visit to the doctor should not be postponed:

  • feeling of acute burning pain in the chest,
  • breast pain after menstruation does not stop for a long time,
  • the presence of seals in the mammary glands,
  • the skin of the breast changes its color and appearance (there is redness, swelling, depression, wrinkling, etc.),
  • one of the mammary glands is different in size from the other,
  • there are secretions from the nipples (with pressure or at rest).

Many experts recommend to independently examine the breast for the presence of tumors on a monthly basis. Limit only this diagnostic method is not worth it. Self-examination does not give an exact guarantee that you will find a tumor.

Breast self-examination - is there any point? (video)

In a short video, the candidate of medical sciences will talk about the advantages and disadvantages of self-diagnosis, and why you should seek help from a breast specialist:

It is necessary to make an appointment with a mammologist in five to seven days from the start of the menstrual cycle. During this period, the hormonal balance in the mammary glands is more balanced. Breast tissue is practically not subject to change. The survey will be more accurate.

Usually, the doctor performs a visual examination, breast palpation and issues a referral for examination: tests for hormones, mammography and ultrasound of the breast, after which treatment is prescribed.

We remind you that the chest may hurt before menstruation. In the article (by reference) we explained the reasons and answered the question - is it dangerous?

Experts advise, in addition to self-diagnosis, to undergo a preventive examination at least once a year. If you take hormonal drugs, then - once every six months. Cancers develop asymptomatically for a long time. Do not waste precious time, take care!

Hormonal disorders

Chest pain after menstruation is observed when a hormonal disorder occurs in a woman’s body. The following factors affect the hormone imbalance:

  • tumor processes (especially if they appear in the upper region of the body),
  • menopause
  • venereal diseases,
  • taking oral contraceptives (hormonal),
  • genetic predisposition
  • irregular sexual intercourse,
  • treatment with hormonal drugs, sedatives and antidepressants.

When the chest hurts a week after menstruation, the following possible reasons are distinguished:

  • stresses
  • inflammation in the mammary glands due to infection,
  • parasitic invasions.

Direct rays of the sun

To provoke pain can overheating in the sun. To avoid such consequences, it is necessary to cover the chest from the sun with a cloth.

Other reasons why the breast glands after menstruation are:

  • arthritis
  • pneumonia,
  • osteochondrosis,
  • urogenital diseases.

What to do with breast tenderness

If, after menstruation, the chest began to hurt, then in any case it is important to visit a doctor who will order an examination and establish an accurate diagnosis. For pains of a regular nature, it is advisable to start a diary where the period of the appearance of discomfort in the mammary glands will be recorded.

During the consultation, the specialist will listen to the patient's complaints for a general idea of ​​mastalgia (determine the location, intensity and nature of the pain) and make a history. After that he will palpate the mammary glands.

If a week after menstruation hurts chest, the doctor will offer to undergo a pregnancy test and a blood test for hCG.

If necessary, the specialist may prescribe such methods for diagnosing possible diseases:

  • mammography,
  • ultrasound procedure,
  • pneumocystography,
  • ductography,
  • needle biopsy.

The treatment is prescribed by a specialist, depending on the established cause of pain. If such are certain diseases, then therapeutic methods should be directed to the treatment of the root cause.

When mastopathy is usually prescribed hormonal drugs. Also need to adhere to a special diet.

When pain is caused by the formation of a tumor or a cyst, surgery and chemotherapy are prescribed in such situations.

Reducing the uncomfortable condition will help:

  1. Properly chosen bra (it should be comfortable, from a good quality material, stitches are needed, holding the bones tightly).
  2. Properly chosen contraceptives. They must appoint a specialist on the basis of the analysis.
  3. A warm bath and herbal tea with a soothing effect.
  4. Rejection of bad habits.
  5. Prevent temperature fluctuations. Supercooling and overheating should be avoided.
  6. Regular intercourse.
  7. Vitamin complexes.

In addition, you should adhere to proper nutrition:

  • refuse fatty, salty and sour food,
  • eat more fresh fruits and vegetables
  • reduce spicy food intake,
  • before the onset of menstruation reduce the use of coffee and chocolate.

The reasons that cause pain in the mammary glands after menstruation, many. Independently, you can only diagnose pregnancy. But if conception is excluded, it is recommended to urgently consult a specialist, because such pains may indicate various diseases. Only after the diagnosis is prescribed the necessary treatment.

Author: Elena Lyzhova
specifically for Mama66.ru

Why hurts chest after menstruation

With the onset of menstruation, PMS symptoms should disappear and not disturb a woman for at least 3 weeks. If the bleeding has stopped, but the chest continues to hurt after the menstrual period, the causes of this phenomenon may be the following:

  • Hormonal disorders.
  • Breast injuries.
  • Wearing a close bra.
  • Mastopathy.
  • Pregnancy.
  • Tumor.

Why after menstruation do mammary glands ache

Normally, painful sensations in the mammary glands begin to decline simultaneously with the onset of menstruation. Hormonal background returns to the indicators corresponding to the beginning of the cycle and the body stops preparing for possible milk production. In rare cases, the chest hurts immediately after the menstrual period because the overgrown glandular tissue did not have time to return to normal. However, excessive growth is already an indicator that not all is well with the hormonal balance in the body.

Sometimes the chest continues to hurt after menstruation, because it was chilled or because of osteochondrosis. Infringement of the nerve in the cervical or thoracic spine can lead to pain in the arms, as well as to very painful sensations in the pectoral muscles. Scoliosis can also be one of the causes of nerve damage.

The only exception that is considered the norm: breast tenderness at the beginning of a new menstrual cycle in girls who have not yet formed.

When pain is normal

Normally, the chest is poured and becomes painful before the onset of menstruation. This happens because of the increased levels of estrogen, which are responsible for the "delivery". If a woman gave birth and carried a child, her mammary glands would be ready for milk production. But since there was no birth, the chest falls down again and becomes soft and painless. Therefore, breast tenderness is the norm only before or during menstruation. If your periods have passed and your chest hurts, you need to go for a checkup to a doctor.

Chest a week after menstruation

If the chest is sick a week after menstruation, for most women it is a bad sign. As with favorable circumstances, a week after the menstruation the chest hurts only during pregnancy. For those women whose menstrual cycle lasts only 21 days. As a result of stress or climate change, the cycle can get off and take less time than usual. Then the onset of pregnancy is possible in women with a longer period.

Usually, if the chest is sick a week after menstruation, this is a symptom of the disease:

  • mastitis
  • mastopathy,
  • syphilis,
  • oncology,
  • hormonal imbalance,
  • thyroid disease,
  • colds.

Sometimes in the same list include the pulled chest muscle. But the pain in the damaged muscle is very different from the sensations directly in the breast. It is usually very difficult to confuse, but it is also impossible to neglect.

Two weeks after menstruation chest hurts

If, 14 days after menstruation, the breast glands hurt, the girl will have to solve the eternal philosophical question: is the glass half empty or half full? The average duration of the menstrual cycle is 28 days, and the chest swelled before menstruation, and not after them. Swelling of the mammary glands and the appearance of painful sensations 7-14 days before the onset of menstrual bleeding is the norm.

Worry is only for those who have a well-established menstrual cycle of 35 days. The reasons in this case will be those that are listed above.

Does the breast grow after menstruation?

In the still emerging girls, the mammary glands are constantly growing, greatly increasing in size before menstruation. Due to growth, the breasts may remain sensitive after menstruation. But more often this is due to the already tight bra or “hormone play” in the developing organism.

A formed woman at the end of menstruation, the chest returns to its former size. If after menstruation the breasts become round and heavy, you should buy a pregnancy test at the pharmacy.

It is not uncommon for menstruation to go through the pregnancy, but the hormonal alteration of the body has already begun. In this case, the occurrence of pregnancy is indicated by the fact that, after menstruation, the breasts were filled, not disgraced.

After menstruation, stomach and chest ache

Most often at the same time similar pains do not occur. And the most likely reason that the lower abdomen and the chest after menstruation simultaneously hurt is a hormonal imbalance. But the hormonal balance itself is not disturbed. This requires certain conditions. Disorders of hormonal balance can occur with diseases of internal organs and other factors:

  • age-related changes (climax),
  • sexually transmitted diseases
  • hormonal drugs (they are not only contraceptive),
  • parasitic invasions,
  • degenerative changes in the spine,
  • stress.

In addition, lower abdominal pain can be caused by urolithiasis or gastrointestinal problems. With internal pains, it is often difficult to recognize the lesion.

When to visit a doctor

If, after menstruation, the mammary glands and lower abdomen hurt, this is a serious reason not to postpone a visit to the doctor. You must go to the doctor immediately if any of the following symptoms are present:

  • the breast has not decreased, but has increased after the end of menstrual bleeding, and fluid is released from the nipples,
  • between periods there are blood smears on underwear,
  • unpleasant smell from the genitals,
  • the temperature remains high and lasts a few days
  • the stomach not only hurts inside, but the sensitivity of the skin outside is increased.

These can be symptoms of diseases of the reproductive system from inflammatory processes to cancer.

Possible pathologies

If the chest hurts even after the end of the menstrual period, it is most likely a symptom of mastitis. Mastopathy is a benign growth and does not always lead to the development of cancer. But in women with mastopathy, the chances of getting cancer is 3 times higher. In addition to mastopathy, other causes for pain in the mammary glands between periods can be:

Mastitis can be infectious in nature or occur due to mechanical damage to the breast. If the chest is very sore after menstruation, you can not self-medicate.

By applying various ways to alleviate pain, a woman only drives the problem inside.

Pain prevention

The main prevention of non-pathological chest pains is physical activity and proper diet. Menstruation is much easier transferred if the girl leads an active lifestyle. To avoid excess puffiness, you can refuse products that retain water in the body. This is especially true for salty dishes.

Who is prone to breast diseases (risk group)

The emergence of various pathologies in the mammary glands more often the following women are exposed:

  • frustrated or not breastfed,
  • who had abortions
  • not having regular sex life,
  • living in constant emotional stress
  • with diseases of the thyroid gland, liver, as well as obesity and diabetes,
  • smokers and addicted to alcohol,
  • living in areas with poor ecology,
  • suffered a chest injury
  • having hereditary predisposition.

Pregnancy as the cause of emerging chest pain

15% of women can have their period when the pregnancy has already occurred. Therefore, one of the signs of conception is that the chest after menstruation still hurts. Breast glands begin to change under the influence of hormonal adjustment, which begins to prepare the body for future feeding of the baby.

15% of women can have their period when the pregnancy has already occurred

The pain in this case is different for everyone: someone has tingling sensations, someone has a bursting chest, someone just complains of hypersensitivity at the slightest touch.

Pain in mastitis

Mastopathy is a pathologywhen the connective and glandular tissues in the breast become too large. It can be caused by abortions, refusal from breastfeeding, stressful situations, irregular sex life, endocrine disorders.

With this disease, the pain is dull, dull. Localized in the upper chest, bilateral. Seals may be palpable, and a clear or yellowish liquid may be slightly expelled from the nipples. Most often, the mammary glands hurt shortly before menstruation, and after - pain decreases.

It is important to know! In some cases, mastopathy can degenerate into a malignant tumor, so monitoring with a doctor is necessary.

Mastitis pain

Mastitis occurs mainly during the breastfeeding period. This is due to the fact that milk stagnates in the glands (when the baby sucks enough) and microbes enter there (through cracks in the nipples).

Mastitis occurs mainly during the breastfeeding period. This is due to the fact that milk stagnates in the glands (when the baby sucks enough) and microbes get there

In this case, the pain is acute, manifested in a certain part of the breast, sometimes radiating to the armpit.

Accompanied by the following symptoms:

  • redness and swelling of the inflamed area,
  • fever,
  • lethargy, weakness
  • headache.

Important to remember! Immediate medical attention is required to avoid complications (abscess). Self-medication is prohibited.

Breast soreness with hormonal failure

When a woman's hormone balance is disturbed (in particular with a lack of progesterone and an excess of estrogens), the glandular tissue thickens in the mammary glands, while the nerve endings are squeezed, causing pain.

It can be different: and burning, and aching, and tingling. The breasts hurt both before and after menstruation, although in most cases the intensity of pain after menstruation decreases.

Mechanical damage resulting in chest pain

Damage can occur during road accidents, falls, blows to the chest, etc. Usually, a hematoma results from the injury. The chest may swell, bruises appear on the skin, the woman feels a aching or stinging pain.

Most often, fatty necrosis remains in place of the hematoma, therefore, in order to avoid complications in case of any injury of the chest, it is recommended to consult a doctor

Most often, fatty necrosis remains in place of the hematoma, therefore, in order to avoid complications in case of any injury of the chest, it is recommended to consult a doctor.

Pain in Oncological Ailments

Oncological diseases are accompanied by pain, but in most cases they appear already in the late stages, after other symptoms.

Breast glands hurt regardless of menstruation. The pain can be any (burning, squeezing or bursting), localized in the affected areas or felt in the entire chest.

Usually, there are other signs of the disease:

  • seals
  • breast deformation,
  • nipple retraction,
  • nipple discharge (especially bloody),
  • peeling or wrinkling of the skin.

Note! For any incomprehensible constant pain, you should immediately contact the doctor to eliminate the likelihood of cancer and start treatment as soon as possible.

Endocrine problems

With endocrine ailments (thyroid, ovaries, etc.), the mammary glands may be ill after menstruation. Such causes of pain are very frequent.

If a body does not work properly, certain hormones can be produced in excess or, conversely, in deficiency, or they will be abnormal in general. Respectively, hormonal balance is disturbed, and the chest is one of the first to feel these disorders.

Osteochondrosis

Osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine is accompanied by pain not only in the region of the lesion of the vertebral discs, but also in the entire chest, in the region of the stomach, and also in the mammary glands.

Osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine is accompanied by pain not only in the region of the lesion of the vertebral discs, but also in the entire thorax.

The pain is not related to menstruation, it increases after a long stay in the same posture, heavy physical exertion, it is felt in the entire thoracic region.

Heart disease

Heart disease is characterized by the fact that pain is not always localized in the region of the heart muscle. It may seem like a sore stomach, back, arm or breast.

However, these diseases are dangerous, and it is not immediately possible to recognize them, and sometimes every minute is precious. Such pain can be burning, aching, stabbing, squeezing - any. It may take several minutes or be constant for several days.

Inflammation of the axillary lymph nodes

Lymph nodes are the basis of the immune system. They can be inflamed with various infections (sore throat, acute respiratory viral infections, etc.), with fungal or oncological diseases, so it is especially important for the fair sex to go to a doctor for any inflammation of axillary lymph nodes.

Lymph nodes are the basis of the immune system. They can become inflamed with various infections.

With inflammation, the body temperature rises, in the armpits the lymph nodes and sometimes the breast glands ache (both before and after the menstruation are the same).

Inconvenient underwear

Close or low-quality bra - one of the most common causes of pain in the mammary glands. If the thing is chosen incorrectly - not in size or of an improper form, then painful sensations in the chest are ensured.

Female breasts are very sensitive, and any compression or rough seam can cause pain. Special harmful precisely tight underwearBecause blood vessels are compressed in the chest, blood circulation is disturbed, and besides pain, this is fraught with diseases of the mammary glands.

Medication intake

Some medicines can also cause chest pain. In particular, these are birth control pills and many antidepressants. Contraceptives cause a change in hormone balance, the breast at their application in most cases increases, therefore, after menstruation it hurts.

Some medicines can also cause chest pain. In particular, these are birth control pills and many antidepressants

The mammary glands painfully react to a change in the balance of hormones, but after 3 months of starting taking the pills, they adapt, so the pain should stop. If the situation does not change, you need to pick up other contraceptives with the help of a doctor.

Sunlight effect

The sun does not always favorably affect the woman's body, especially its excess amount. Not only does the sun just dry the delicate skin of the mammary glands, it also provokes an increase in the production of estrogen and testosterone.

Consequently, the failure of hormones in a woman is possible again and, accordingly, the appearance of chest pain. Moreover, staying under the hot sun (at noon) can cause burns and subsequently the development of cancer, so with sunbathing you need to be careful, especially for women after 30 years.

Stress and nerves

Strong experiences and nerve loads inevitably lead to pain in the mammary glands. This is due to the fact that during stress, especially with a nervous breakdown, a surge of hormones occurs, and the chest is known to be the most hormone-dependent organ.

Strong experiences and nervous loads inevitably lead to pain in the mammary glands.

Previously, mastopathy was called “the disease of hysterical women”, that is, the more negative emotions, the higher the likelihood of pain and diseases of the mammary glands.

Lack of regular sex life

Lack of sex life or its irregularity affect the female body from two sides at once: they cause hormonal imbalance and depressive state. During orgasm, large amounts of hormones are released into the blood.necessary for the health of the breast and the female body as a whole, and their lack, respectively, is fraught with various diseases.

Psychological experiences about the lack of intimate life or its quality, as well as the suppression of sexual desire lead to a constant nervous tension, which, in turn, provokes a violation of hormonal levels.

When you need to see a doctor

Since the female breast is a very sensitive and tender organ, a doctor should be consulted for any pain. Better to be safe than let the disease take its course. After all, most diseases have similar symptoms, and setting yourself a diagnosis on your own can make a mistake.

Since the female breast is a very sensitive and tender organ, a doctor should be consulted for any pain.

However, there are some signsWhen they find out, they should go to the doctor immediately:

  1. More than 2 weeks, the pain does not stop, increases with time or changes its character.
  2. In the mammary gland during palpation there is a seal, nodule, deformation.
  3. An inflamed area appeared on the chest.
  4. The pain is localized in any one area of ​​the mammary gland, gives in the armpit.
  5. Acute pain in the breast.
  6. There was a discharge from the nipple (especially with blood).
  7. The chest has become asymmetric.
  8. Itchy and scaly skin on the breast, "lemon peel".
  9. Pulling of the skin or nipple area.
  10. Temperature increase, lethargy.

In addition, if any pain in the mammary glands appears, women should have a specialist who has close maternal relatives who have breast cancer.

Most experts are sure: if after menstruation the chest hurts, it does not always mean something terribleand go into a panic is not necessary. However, to pay attention to your health and just in case to consult with your doctor, it is still worth being examined.

What to do with pain in the mammary gland, see in this video:

Chest pain after menstruation - causes:

For self-examination of the mammary glands, see this video:

How and where does it hurt?

Chest pain of non-pathological nature is called mastalgia. This is a very common problem faced by more than half of the fair sex from puberty to menopause, inclusive.

Many women and young girls are faced with the fact that they have severe chest pain before menstruation. This phenomenon is considered quite natural and is explained by the growth of hormones in the blood during this period. More danger causes pain after menstruation, when other obvious symptoms disappear. In this case, we are talking about mastalgia. This is a disease of the mammary glands, when pain is observed regardless of the cycle.

Experts consider two types of symptoms that characterize mastalgia:

  • cyclic. Arise before menstruation and disappear for 3-4 days of active secretions. This phenomenon is very common, it faces more than 70% of women. Treatment in this case is not required.
  • non-cyclic. Such pains cause more concerns. They occur at any time, regardless of the cycle. The causes of this symptom can be domestic, and also have a pathological nature. In case of non-cyclical pain, you should consult a doctor.

Painful sensations are aching in nature, increased by contact. Along with pain, hypersensitivity of the nipples and skin can be felt, seals can sometimes be felt. The pain may be temporary, intensify closer to the night or be observed constantly.

Video "Why hurts chest?"

Common causes of pain in the chest, which can occur due to hormonal disruptions, as well as due to serious pathologies.

Possible causes of pain

The first thing you should pay attention to is the cause of chest pain. If we are talking about a teenager, then you should not worry, frequent chest pains indicate the growth and development of the mammary glands. At about 17-19 years of age, the process stops and the state returns to normal.

The most common causes of pain are as follows:

  • pregnancy is a very common cause. Pain and discomfort occurs as a result of breast growth and preparation for feeding. This is one of the first symptoms of pregnancy, pain occurs after 2-3 weeks.
  • hormonal disruptions in the body. Usually, pain occurs when estrogen levels rise.
  • various education. Nodes, cysts, tumors, especially of large sizes, cause pain. The greatest concern is oncological formations.
  • stresses. Pain can occur as a reaction to stress, because the body, especially in the nipples, has a large number of nerve endings.
  • mastopathy is the most common disease of the breast. The key symptoms are tissue thickening and inflammation.
  • internal infections that can cause inflammation in the mammary glands.
  • helminthic invasions of the advanced stage.
  • Some gynecological and venereal diseases can affect hormonal levels.
  • abnormalities in the metabolic process, increased levels of fatty acids in the body, as a result, increased sensitivity.
  • injuries. This may be mechanical, thermal or chemical damage, as well as the result of surgical intervention.

Household factors can also provoke chest pains:

  • poor nutrition,
  • non-compliance with the rules of hygiene,
  • allergic to cosmetics and detergents,
  • uncomfortable underwear,
  • hit on the chest direct sunlight.

There are many reasons for which, after menstruation, the chest aches and swells. But, according to statistics, the most common of these are hormonal disorders, mastopathy and pregnancy.

Hormonal disruptions in the female body

Hormones play an important role in the process of vital activity, so failures in their development leave an imprint on all processes. In the female body, hormonal changes occur very often, chest pain may occur on this background.

About the hormonal factor of occurrence of such a symptom can be said in the following cases:

  • age-related changes (puberty and menopause),
  • taking certain hormone-based drugs (in particular, we are talking about contraceptives and antidepressants),
  • violation of sexual relations (or lack thereof),
  • genetic factor.

In such cases, with severe pain, the patient may be prescribed hormone therapy, which stabilizes the estrogen rate.

Necessary diagnostic measures

If the exact cause of chest pain cannot be determined independently, then you should consult a doctor. Especially if there are disturbing symptoms and after menstruation the stomach and chest ache. These symptoms can signal serious pathological problems.

To conduct a full diagnosis, it is necessary to undergo a series of such studies:

  • mammography - a modern method of research using laser education of breast tissue,
  • Ultrasound examination, not only the mammary glands, but also the lymph nodes near them are visible,
  • дуктография, данный метод используется как вспомогательный, с его помощью изучают структурные изменения в тканях,
  • puncture is used when an education is detected, the content is sent for biopsy to determine the nature.

After passing the diagnostic procedures, the doctor will be able to determine the cause and, accordingly, prescribe therapy. The treatment regimen has several directions:

  • drug therapy (hormones and painkillers),
  • special diet for the normalization of metabolic processes,
  • surgical intervention (in the presence of formations).

How to reduce pain

If the pain in the chest does not have a pathological nature, then the woman needs to look for ways to adapt to this state. The number of such patients is significant, so doctors have developed several recommendations that can reduce unpleasant symptoms:

  1. It is worth paying attention to your food. Acute, salty foods, coffee, chocolate can increase the pain in the chest. This process can also be affected by digestion, so immediately before the menstrual periods and a few days after them, it is worth refusing from fried foods and foods that are digested for a long time.
  2. To improve metabolic processes, you need to drink a lot of fluids.
  3. The pain is less disturbing for those women who exercise. Swollen chest muscles are not only beautiful, but also effective in fighting sensitivity.
  4. Temperature fluctuations adversely affect the condition of the breast. It is necessary to protect the mammary glands from overheating and hypothermia.
  5. A key factor in breast care are regular hygiene procedures.
  6. It is also worth quitting smoking and other bad habits.
  7. Lingerie should be comfortable, fit and best of all natural fabrics.
  8. Regular sex relieves pain in the chest.

Remember that any pain requires examination and consultation of a doctor. This is the only way to prevent possible serious pathologies!

Video "What is mastopathy and is it dangerous?"

Informational video in which tells about what mastopathy is, how dangerous it is, what are its symptoms, how to detect it, and how to treat it.

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